The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health: Mental health problems persist in adolescents five years after bariatric surgery despite substantial weight loss

(The Lancet) Five years after weight-loss surgery, despite small improvements in self-esteem and moderate improvements in binge eating, adolescents did not see improvements in their overall mental health, compared to peers who received conventional obesity treatment, according to a study in Sweden with 161 participants aged 13-18 years published in The Lancet Child&Adolescent Health journal.
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

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Abstract OBJECTIVES: To determine the personality types of women in treatment for obesity and the associations among their personality characteristics, eating behaviour and suicide risk. SUBJECTS: Sixty women in pharmacological treatment for obesity (clinical group: CG) and 60 women post-bariatric gastric bypass surgery (surgical group: SG) were evaluated. METHODS: This was an observational and transversal study conducted in a specialized outpatient unit. Personality types were evaluated through the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) test. A semi-structured questionnaire that investigated sociodemographi...
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research
Abstract PURPOSE: This cross-sectional study aimed at comparing the quality of life (Qol), the prevalence of psychiatric diagnosis and pharmacological treatment in 104 candidates to bariatric surgery according to the degree of obesity (class 2 vs. class ≥ 3 obesity). METHODS: All surgical candidates underwent a detailed psychiatric interview based on DSM-5 criteria, including sociodemographic, clinical, psychological and psychiatric data. Participants completed the Binge Eating Scale (BES) and the 12-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-12). RESULTS: Overall, bariatric candidates reported a...
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research
Bariatric surgery is a highly effective, safe, and durable procedure, yet long-term outcomes are influenced by psychosocial factors including eating behaviors, physical activity, and mental health symptoms [1]. Although depression and binge eating disorder are the two most prevalent psychiatric diagnoses among pre-surgical bariatric patients and have been extensively studied, their relationship to postsurgical outcomes is unclear given mixed findings in the literature [2-5].
Source: Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
PMID: 32127254 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases : official journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Surg Obes Relat Dis Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Weight regain (WR) after bariatric surgery (BS) is frequent. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the occurrence of psychiatric disorders would be associated with short- and long-term WR after BS. METHODS: Ninety-six patients (77.6% female, age 40.2 ± 10.1 years, BMI of 50 ± 8.2 kg/m2) from the Obesity and Bariatric Surgery Outpatient Clinic of the Universidade Federal São Paulo completed the Questionnaire on Eating and Weight Patterns-Revised, the Beck Depression Inventory and an anxiety inventory to asse...
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research
Depression and Binge Eating Disorder (BED) are prevalent among bariatric surgery candidates. Depression subtypes may be differentially related to obesity, such that the atypical subtype predicts poorer outcomes. However, no research has examined depression subtypes, BED, and weight loss in bariatric candidates
Source: Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Original articles Source Type: research
Depression and binge eating disorder (BED) are prevalent among bariatric surgery candidates. Depression subtypes may be differentially related to obesity, such that the atypical subtype predicts poorer outcomes. However, no research has examined depression subtypes, BED, and weight loss in bariatric candidates.
Source: Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Original article Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe WMSQ may be a useful tool in future research exploring the key weight management skills associated with successful weight loss before and after bariatric surgery.
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Patients who seek or undergo bariatric surgery are likely to experience pervasive societal biases surrounding weight (e.g., “anti-fat” stigma) and overeating behaviors, including binge-eating. A recent study supported the use of person-first obesity language among individuals seeking bariatric surgery; for example, patients were more likely to prefer “person with obesity” compared to “obese person.” Little is known about patient preferences for most acceptable terminology to discuss weight and binge-eating behaviors.
Source: Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Monday, November 4th, 2019 1:30 PM - 5:00 PM Source Type: research
This study assesses childhood trauma history and dissociative symptoms in obese patients with BED compared to obese patients without BED. Methods: The 241 patients participating in the study had to meet obesity criteria. These patients were applicants for bariatric surgery and were consulted by a psychiatry service. Patients were separated into two groups that were accompanied by BED diagnoses according to structured clinical interviews administered according to the DSM-IV (SCID-I). Patients were assessed using the Dissociation Questionnaire (DIS-Q) and the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ). The two groups of patients w...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research
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