Dementia patients being 'dumped in hospital'

One in 10 dementia patients spends over a month in hospital after being admitted as an emergency.
Source: BBC News | Health | UK Edition - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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This article reviews the application of an alternative method, functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS), to the study of cerebral oxygenation changes in MCI and dementia. We synthesized 36 fNIRS studies that examined hemodynamic changes during both the resting state and the execution of tasks of word retrieval, memory, motor control, and visuospatial perception in MCI and dementia. This qualitative review reveals that (amnestic) MCI and AD patients have disrupted frontal and long-range connectivity in the resting state compared to individuals with normal cognition (NC). These patients also exhibit reduced frontal oxyg...
Source: Journal of Psychiatric Research - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Conclusions: The study highlights the requisite components of a first of its kind online training and support program in India by integrating the experiences, motivations, challenges, and expectations of caregivers and professionals involved in dementia care.Clinical Implications: The focus group discussions in the current study provide a road map for the development of an online caregiver training and support program underlying the perspectives of the stakeholders for the consolidation of an effective dementia care program for lower resourced settings. PMID: 32081097 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical Gerontologist - Category: Geriatrics Tags: Clin Gerontol Source Type: research
In conclusion, taller body height at the entry to adulthood, supposed to be a marker of early-life environment, is associated with lower risk of dementia diagnosis later in life. The association persisted when adjusted for educational level and intelligence test scores in young adulthood, suggesting that height is not just acting as an indicator of cognitive reserve. A Comparison of Biological Age Measurement Approaches https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2020/02/a-comparison-of-biological-age-measurement-approaches/ Researchers here assess the performance of a range of approaches to measuring biological...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Photo credit Jack Stapleton Dear Carol: My mother has lived in the same nursing home for over two years and up until recently we were pleased with the care she’s receiving. She has physical illnesses as well as dementia. I visit her at least twice a week and she’s seemed as happy as someone with her challenges can be. However, lately, she’s been complaining about things not being done for her. She’s scheduled for a twice-weekly bath, but she keeps telling me that she’s not getting one. She says that her food is cold and that’s why she won’t eat. She tells me that they won’t l...
Source: Minding Our Elders - Category: Geriatrics Authors: Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSIONS: The utility of neuropsychology emanates from its focus on brain functioning and the discipline's appreciation for the relationship between brain functioning on cognition, mental state, and behavior. Early and routine referral for neuropsychological assessment allows for the objective determination of normal versus abnormal neurocognitive functioning, provides a baseline for serial reassessment, and leads to the more rapid deployment of effective treatments. Beyond the hospital and clinic, neuropsychological expertise is increasingly sought after as integral to the legal system when decisions regarding eligibil...
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research
Authors: Elahifasaee F, Li F, Yang M Abstract Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is a widely used imaging modality for detection of brain anatomical variations caused by brain diseases such as Alzheimer's disease (AD) and mild cognitive impairment (MCI). AD considered as an irreversible neurodegenerative disorder with progressive memory impairment moreover cognitive functions, while MCI would be considered as a transitional phase amongst age-related cognitive weakening. Numerous machine learning approaches have been examined, aiming at AD computer-aided diagnosis through employing MR image analysis. Conversely, MR bra...
Source: Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine - Category: Statistics Tags: Comput Math Methods Med Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 February 2020Source: Biocybernetics and Biomedical EngineeringAuthor(s): Ashima Khosla, Padmavati Khandnor, Trilok ChandAbstractElectroencephalogram (EEG) measures the neuronal activities in the form of electric currents that are generated due to the synchronized activity by a group of specialized pyramidal cells inside the brain. The study presents a brief comparison of various functional neuroimaging techniques, revealing the excellent neuroimaging capabilities of EEG signals such as high temporal resolution, inexpensiveness, portability and non-invasiveness as compared to the other ...
Source: Biocybernetics and Biomedical Engineering - Category: Biomedical Engineering Source Type: research
In this study, we concentrated on the activities on cognition, using an array of validated tests. We also performed lipidomic analyses of plasma, erythrocytes, and different brain areas. We report lower emotional memory (contextual fear conditioning) in aged rats supplemented with polar lipids’ concentrates from buttermilk or krill oil at doses that approximate human consumption. No other behavioral parameter was significantly influenced by the supplements calling for further research to confirm or not the purported salubrious activities of polar lipids, namely those rich in ω3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty ...
Source: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids (PLEFA) - Category: Lipidology Source Type: research
In this study, we further demonstrated that memantine nitrate-06 (MN-06), one of the novel compounds derived from memantine, possessed significant neuroprotective effects against glutamate-induced excitotoxicity in rat primary cerebellar granule neurons (CGNs). Pretreatment of MN-06 reversed the activation of GSK3β and the suppression of phosphorylated Akt induced by glutamate. In addition, the neuroprotective effects of MN-06 could be abolished by LY294002, the specific phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3–K) inhibitor. Furthermore, calcium imaging showed that pretreatment of MN-06 prevented calcium influx throug...
Source: Chemico Biological Interactions - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
We describe how high levels of frailty in such disorders predict worse outcomes and play a direct role in disease progression and in prognostic prediction. Overall, the potential for frailty to predict adverse health outcomes among young people as well as in non-age-related diseases is an evolving topic. Understanding how frailty contributes to poor health and how it can be modified to prevent or delay disease progression will ultimately enhance quality of life in affected individuals.
Source: Mechanisms of Ageing and Development - Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research
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