Simultaneous effect of vacuum and ultrasound assisted enzymatic extraction on the recovery of plant protein and bioactive compounds from sesame bran

This study evaluated the effect of vacuum operation parameters on the recovery of protein and antioxidant compounds from sesame bran. In this context, vacuum-ultrasound assisted extraction (VU) and vacuum-ultrasound assisted enzymatic extraction (VUE) methods were carried out, and the vacuum parameters were investigated using central composite design by response surface methodology (RSM). The independent parameters were found effective on protein yield, total phenolic content and antioxidant capacity values. Optimum conditions for VU were 21 min vacuum time, 72 min restoration time and 539 mmHg vacuum pressure; and for VUE were 1.82 AU/100 g enzyme concentration, 8 min vacuum time, 68 min restoration time and 238 mmHg vacuum pressure. The protein yields increased by 31.0 and 41.6% with VU and VUE, respectively compared to standard alkaline extraction. SEM images revealed deteriorative effects of applied extraction methods. SDS-PAGE analysis was conducted to examine detailed protein fractionation and alcalase assisted extraction revealed small protein sub-units (
Source: Journal of Food Composition and Analysis - Category: Food Science Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: A 4-hour introductory eFAST training intervention can effectively train conventional military medics to perform the eFAST exam. Online, asynchronously available platforms may effectively mitigate some of the resource requirement burden associated with point-of-care ultrasound training. Future studies evaluating medic eFAST performance on real-world battlefield trauma patients are needed. Skill and knowledge retention must also be assessed for this degradable skill to determine frequency of refresher training when not regularly performed. PMID: 32060506 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Military Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research
Peripheral FMD was lower in young healthy smokers than that in nonsmokers, indicating that habitual smoking attenuates peripheral endothelial function. In contrast, cerebral endothelial function was preserved in young healthy smokers. These findings suggest that the response of cerebral endothelial function to smoking is different from that of peripheral vasculature. AbstractIn the present study, we hypothesized that habitual cigarette smoking attenuates endothelial function in the cerebral circulation as well as that of the peripheral circulation in young adults. To test this hypothesis, we measured cerebrovascular and pe...
Source: Physiological Reports - Category: Physiology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
Anyone have any cool ultrasounds that are highly mobile and have a relatively decent picture? The Butterfly IQ US looks really cool at a decent price (especially considering it's 3 probes in one), but it requires an annual subscription. I'm not doing. Looking for something that could be used in a field environment for everything from starting IVs and draining abscesses to eFAST exams. Thanks
Source: Student Doctor Network - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Emergency Medicine Source Type: forums
This study aimed to analyse the features of lymphadenopathy and estimate the role of imaging methods, including computed tomography (CT) and positron emission tomography-CT (PET/CT), in the diagnosis of lymphadenopathy in patients with POEMS syndrome. We conducted a retrospective analysis of 23 patients with confirmed POEMS syndrome. All of the patients received chest and abdominal CT scan and/or superficial ultrasound examinations. Four patients underwent PET/CT examinations, and 6 patients received lymph node biopsies. Enlarged lymph nodes (short diameter ≥ 1 cm) were found in 48% (11/23) of patients, but only 1 patie...
Source: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology - Category: Pathology Authors: Tags: Int J Clin Exp Pathol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: VTE occurrence in this real-world patient cohort was high, reaching almost 20% in certain groups, like those with disseminated pancreatic, lung or ovarian cancer receiving first-line chemotherapy. Furthermore, VTE occurs mostly as a symptomatic event, being likely a result of the prothrombotic state of malignancy. PMID: 32057213 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: International Angiology - Category: Cardiology Tags: Int Angiol Source Type: research
Ultrasound-based elastography has rapidly replaced the need for liver biopsy in most patients with chronic liver disease in recent years. The technique is now widely supported by many manufacturers. This review will introduce various current ultrasound-based elastography techniques, review the physics and scanning techniques, discuss potential cofounding factors as well as summarising the evidence for its use in staging liver fibrosis using shear-wave elastography among different disease aetiologies.
Source: Clinical Radiology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
The local anesthetic dosages used in the current literature in regional applications of local anesthetics are frequently high for surgical purposes, and there are no sufficient dosage studies for emergency department (ED) management.
Source: The Journal of Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Original Contributions Source Type: research
Publication date: May 2020Source: Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, Volume 189Author(s): Xiangyu Zhang, Mingcong Wu, Yu Zhang, Jie Zhang, Jin Su, Chunrong YangAbstractMolecularly-targeted nanobubbles (NBs) offer opportunities to improve the ability of ultrasound imaging to identify specific pathological tissue from healthy tissue. In this work, we aimed to design ligands-conjugated, nanosized, lipid ultrasound contrast agents (UCAs) and apply the agents in the ultrasound imaging of atherosclerotic plaque. Anti-VEGFR-2 ligands were conjugated to UCAs using the noncovalent biotin-avidin linker method. Several investiga...
Source: Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
ConclusionThe genitourinary risks potentially associated with aniridia necessitate prompt genetic analysis to evaluate for WAGR syndrome.
Source: Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: CLINICAL REPORT Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 February 2020Source: Seminars in Ultrasound, CT and MRIAuthor(s): Gitanjali Bajaj, Harika Tirumani, Michella Whisman, Surbhi Raichandani, Roopa Ram, Kedar Jambhekar, Jerad M. Gardner, Tarun PandeyAbstractSoft-tissue sarcomas are a diverse group of rare mesenchymal malignancies accounting for only 1% of all solid adult malignancies. These have been categorized in 12 broad groups by the World Health Organization (WHO) with their recent update in 2013. Majority of them lack specific imaging features serving as imaging conundrums for a radiologist. These are often large masses at presentat...
Source: Seminars in Ultrasound, CT and MRI - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
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