Obstructive Sleep Apnea Severity and the Risk of Occupational Injury: A Prospective Observational Cohort

ConclusionsIn this prospective study, OSA severity was independently associated with an increased risk of OI.
Source: Lung - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

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The aim of this study was to identify the prevalence of heightened risk for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and its clinical predictors in a heterogeneous diagnostic group of hospitalized psychiatric patients. Ninety-one consecutive psychiatric inpatients were administered the STOP-BANG and Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) inventories. Medical and demographic information was gathered from inpatient clinical charts. Predictors of high OSA risk score were analyzed by a multivariate regression model. A total of 58.2% (53 patients) were determined to have a high risk for OSA. The predictors of high OSA risk were use of mood stabil...
Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 24 February 2020Source: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck DiseasesAuthor(s): M. Akkari, S. Yildiz, R. Marianowski, P.J. Monteyrol, F. Chalumeau, P. Fayoux, N. Leboulanger, P. Franco, V. Couloigner, M. Mondain
Source: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
ConclusionsOur findings may explain the deterioration of subjective sleep, symptoms as unrefreshing sleep, fatigue, and pain in patients with FMS. Despite similar clinical manifestations, patients with FMS should be evaluated for OSAS due to treatment differences. The role of sleep alterations in the clinical manifestation and severity of FMS suggest that effective treatments to improve sleep quality may lead to more effective management of FMS.
Source: Sleep and Breathing - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
AbstractHypoglossal motor neurons (HMNs) innervate tongue muscles and play key roles in a variety of physiological functions, including swallowing, mastication, suckling, vocalization, and respiration. Dysfunction of HMNs is associated with several diseases, such as obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and sudden infant death syndrome. OSA is a serious breathing disorder associated with the activity of HMNs during different sleep –wake states. Identifying the neural mechanisms by which the state-dependent activities of HMNs are controlled may be helpful in providing a theoretical basis for effective therapy for OSA. However...
Source: Neuroscience Bulletin - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: A decreased ratio of maxillary sinus volume to whole nasal airway volume is associated with adult OSA. However, OSA severity is not associated with either maxillary sinus volume or whole nasal airway volume. PMID: 32091265 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Angle Orthodontist - Category: Dentistry Authors: Tags: Angle Orthod Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe study shows that primary care doctors demonstrated adequate knowledge about OSA and were aware of the importance of OSA as a core clinical problem. However, only a minority felt confident in managing patients with OSA. The results of the study may encourage improvement of primary care doctors ’ efforts to prevent and manage OSA.
Source: Sleep and Breathing - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The study shows that primary care doctors demonstrated adequate knowledge about OSA and were aware of the importance of OSA as a core clinical problem. However, only a minority felt confident in managing patients with OSA. The results of the study may encourage improvement of primary care doctors' efforts to prevent and manage OSA. PMID: 32096012 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Sleep and Breathing - Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Tags: Sleep Breath Source Type: research
ConclusionsCompared with the general population, the prevalence of elevated CVP and OSA is significant in this cohort of patients. Age, diabetes, and right lower extremity chronic venous insufficiency symptoms seem to be predictors of elevated CVP. Larger, population-based prevalence studies are needed to confirm these findings.
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery: Venous and Lymphatic Disorders - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
This study was a prospective, single cohort of consecutive adult patients undergoing MMA surgery for OSA at a single institution. The primary outcome measure was the development of nasal obstruction using the Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation scale. Secondary outcomes included the rate of reintubation, submandibular duct function, development of neck infection, the need for subsequent surgical correction of nasal obstruction, and changes in the Apnea-Hypopnea Index.ResultsTwenty consecutive patients (85% male, mean age 47 years) were included in the study. Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation scores improved in 88% of p...
Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 February 2020Source: The Annals of Thoracic SurgeryAuthor(s): Bhargavi Gali, Amy E. Glasgow, Kevin L. Greason, Rebecca L. Johnson, Robert C. Albright, Elizabeth B. HabermannAbstractBackgroundObstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with increased risk of postoperative complications in non-cardiac surgery, with limited literature on cardiac surgical patients. We compared perioperative outcomes of patients with OSA to those without OSA undergoing cardiac surgery.MethodsThis was a retrospective single center cohort study of adult patients who underwent cardiac surgery from January 2010...
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
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