Background/Purpose: The role of blood malondialdehyde (MDA) in age-related macular degeneration (AMD), the leading cause of new blindness in industrialized countries, is still matter of debate. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of the published data on the MDA levels in AMD patients. Methods: PubMed, ISI Web of Sciences, and Scopus searches were performed according to MOOSE guidelines. Case–control studies were eligible for inclusion. Participants and controls were AMD patients and subjects without AMD, respectively. The main outcome measures were wet AMD and dry AMD. MDA level was the main exposure variable. Data were pooled using a random-effects model. Results: Twelve case–control studies were identified. A total of 634 AMD patients (mean age 66.7 years) and 656 controls without AMD (mean age 67.8 years) were evaluated. Extreme between-study heterogeneity was observed (I2 = 96.8%, P
Source: RETINA - Category: Opthalmology Tags: Review Source Type: research

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(Queen Mary University of London) Researchers have identified a new protein linked to age-related macular degeneration (AMD) that could offer new hope for the diagnosis and treatment of the disease, which affects over 1.5 million people in the UK alone.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 1 February 2020Source: Microvascular ResearchAuthor(s): Tomoko Ikeuchi, Yogita Kanan, Da Long, Susana de Vega, Kentaro Hozumi, Motoyoshi Nomizu, Peter A. Campochiaro, Yoshihiko YamadaAbstractWet age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and diabetic retinopathy are the leading causes of blindness through increased angiogenesis. Although VEGF-neutralizing proteins provide benefit, inconsistent responses indicate a need for new therapies. We previously identified the Fibulin-7 C-terminal fragment (Fbln7-C) as an angiogenesis inhibitor in vitro. Here we show that Fbln7-C inhibits neovasculariza...
Source: Microvascular Research - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
Authors: Papadopoulos Z Abstract In developed countries, people of advanced age go permanently blind most often due to age-related macular degeneration, while at global level, this disease is the third major cause of blindness, after cataract and glaucoma, according to the World Health Organisation. The number of individuals believed to suffer from the disease throughout the world has been approximated at 50 million. Age-related macular degeneration is classified as non-neovascular (dry, non-exudative) and neovascular (wet, exudative). The exudative form is less common than the non-exudative as it accounts for appr...
Source: Current Aging Science - Category: Geriatrics Tags: Curr Aging Sci Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: In this Cochrane Review, no evidence of benefit was found of diverse types of low vision rehabilitation interventions on HRQOL. We found low- and moderate-certainty evidence, respectively, of a small benefit on VRQOL in studies comparing psychological therapies or methods for enhancing vision with active comparators. The type of rehabilitation varied among studies, even within intervention groups, but benefits were detected even if compared to active control groups. Studies were conducted on adults with visual impairment mainly of older age, living in high-income countries and often having AMD. Most of the inc...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
Contributors : Miae Oh ; Jiah YeomSeries Type : Expression profiling by arrayOrganism : Caenorhabditis elegansLipofuscin is known as intracellular waste substance produced by damaged mitochondrial incompleted decomposition. And it is a biomarker of aging. As aging, accumulation of the lipofuscin in retinal pigment epithelium induces blindness called Age-related macular degeneration. Soraprazan is developed to reduce the lipofuscin production and cure the age-related macular degeneration. Soraprazan reducing the age biomarker lipofuscin can be suggested to have effect of longevity extension. C.elegans were treated on NGM a...
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by array Caenorhabditis elegans Source Type: research
In this study, the dual-mode anti-angiogenic drug delivery system, which potentially inhibited VEGF in two different ways, was developed. The itraconazole encapsulated nanoparticles, conjugated with R5K peptide, were fabricated to allow multivalent binding interactions with VEGF. The R5K peptide blocked VEGF binding to its receptor, while itraconazole altered the signaling pathway of VEGF stimulation. The dual action of this novel drug delivery system aimed to enhance the anti-angiogenic effects of individual drugs. R5K-ITZ-NPs demonstrated potent, cell-type specific, and dose-dependent inhibition of vascular endothelial c...
Source: AAPS PharmSciTech - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: AAPS PharmSciTech Source Type: research
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a leading cause of blindness worldwide characterized by presence of drusen, leading to retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) and outer retinal changes in advanced stages. Approximately 10% of eyes with AMD develop neovascular complications and present with subretinal or sub-RPE exudation, hemorrhage, or both. Recent advances in imaging techniques, especially optical coherence tomography (OCT), help in early identification of disease and guide various treatment decisions; however, not all signs are suggestive of ongoing exudation or neovascular activity.
Source: Survey of Ophthalmology - Category: Opthalmology Authors: Tags: Major review Source Type: research
Authors: Cho C, Duong TT, Mills JA Abstract Patient-derived human-induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) have been critical in advancing our understanding of the underlying mechanisms of numerous retinal disorders. Many of these retinal disorders have no effective treatment and result in severe visual impairment and even blindness. Among the retinal degenerative diseases modeled by iPSCs are age-related macular degeneration (AMD), glaucoma, Leber congenital amaurosis (LCA), retinitis pigmentosa (RP), and autosomal dominant retinitis pigmentosa (adRP). In addition to studying retinal disease ontogenesis and patholog...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
This study aims to evaluate the effect of loss of PNPLA2 in RPE cells undergoing oxidative stress. Loss of PNPLA2 conferred increased resistance to cells when subjected to oxidative stress. PMID: 31884641 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
Authors: Skowronska-Krawczyk D, Chao DL Abstract Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is one of the leading causes of blindness worldwide. Long-chain and very long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC and VLC-PUFAs) have been linked to AMD pathogenesis through epidemiologic, biochemical, and genetic studies; however, the exact mechanisms of pathogenesis are unknown. Here, we review the scientific and clinical evidence supporting the role of PUFAs in AMD and discuss future directions for elucidating the roles of these fatty acids in AMD pathogenesis. PMID: 31884586 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
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