Extraglycemic Effects of SGLT2 Inhibitors: A Review of the Evidence

Source: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy Source Type: research

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This study was designed to investigate the association of rs7903146 (C/T) polymorphism of TCF7L-2 gene with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in Asian Indians.MethodsIn this case-control study 162 non-diabetic subjects with NAFLD and 173 body mass index (BMI)-matched controls without NAFLD were recruited. Abdominal ultrasound, clinical and biochemical investigations, fasting insulin levels and value of homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) was measured. Single nucleotide polymorphism rs7903146 (C/T) was genotyped by polymerase chain reaction–restriction fragment length polymorphisms.Res...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Introduction: Breast cancer (BC) is the most common cancer in women and the 5-year survival rate is 82% in Europe. Obesity, metabolic syndrome and diabetes are associated with an increased risk of BC and BC recurrence. Physical activity (PA), Mediterranean diet (MeD) and low glycemic index (GI) or high fiber diets, however, are protective.
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - Category: Nutrition Authors: Source Type: research
ABSTRACT: Introduction: In high-income countries, persons of high socioeconomic status (SES) have a lower cardiovascular risk. However, in middle and low-income countries, the results are controversial. Objective: To evaluate the association between family income and cardiovascular risk factors in young adults. Methods: A total of 2,063 individuals of a birth cohort initiated in 1978/79 in the city of Ribeir ão Preto, Brazil, were evaluated at age of 23/25 years. Cardiovascular risk factors (hypertension, sedentary lifestyle, smoking, low high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol, high low-density lipoprotein (LDL)...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
AbstractObesity and insulin resistance are at the centre of most cases of metabolic syndrome (MetS), which may increase the risk of cardiovascular disease approximately 2 ‐fold and type 2 diabetes mellitus approximately 5‐fold. Aside from lifestyle intervention and drug therapy, bariatric surgery (BS) is considered a definitive treatment for this disease.
Source: Journal of Diabetes Investigation - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: JDI UPDATES Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 February 2020Source: Seminars in Cancer BiologyAuthor(s): Licia Iacoviello, Marialaura Bonaccio, Giovanni de Gaetano, Maria Benedetta DonatiAbstractBreast cancer is the leading cause of death in women aged 20 to 50 years, with some geographical difference. The yearly incidence of the disease is increasing while the related mortality is steadily decreasing. Breast cancer is associated not only with specific hormones or factors related with reproduction, but mostly to more general environmental factors, linked to socioeconomic conditions and lifestyles (smoking, stress, physical exercise...
Source: Seminars in Cancer Biology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Source: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy Source Type: research
Dietary fructose plays a critical role in the development of metabolic syndrome (MetS), a metabolic disorder defined by the presence of dyslipidemia, insulin resistance, hypertension, and visceral obesity [1]. Hypertriglyceridemia is a critical component of the MetS and contributes to the development and worsening of other MetS components like insulin resistance [2]. Hypertriglyceridemia increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases [3]. Fructose consumption elevates the circulatory triglyceride levels in both human subjects and animal models [4, 5].
Source: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Tags: Original research article Source Type: research
Obesity and its metabolic syndrome, including liver disorders and type 2 diabetes, are a worldwide epidemic and are intimately linked to diet. The gut microbiota interaction has been pointed to as a hot topic of research in the treatment of obesity and related metabolic diseases by influencing energy metabolism and the immune system. In terms of the novel beneficial microbes identified, Akkermansia muciniphila (A. muciniphila) colonizes the mucosa layer of the gut and modulates basal metabolism. A. muciniphila is consistently correlated with obesity. The causal beneficial impact of A. muciniphila treatment on obesity is co...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Source: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy Source Type: research
Source: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy Source Type: research
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