Methamphetamine increases dopamine release in the nucleus accumbens through calcium-dependent processes

ConclusionsMETH induces NAc DA release through intracellular Ca2+ activity. Blocking intracellular Ca2+ release prevents METH effects on DA signals and related behavior.
Source: Psychopharmacology - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

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This study revealed that pre-emulsification can restrict the fat accumulation and adjust the texture of processed cheese. And the results of this study will help us understand the effects of pre-emulsification on processed cheese.
Source: LWT Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
This study determined the bio-control efficacy of Pichia anomala alone and supplemented with 1% chitosan in the grapes against blue mold disease. The result showed that chitosan (1%) better induced the bio-control efficacy of P. anomala. P. anomala supplemented with 1% w/v chitosan significantly reduced the disease incidence, lesion diameter and natural decay of grapes without affecting the fruit quality compared to the control. In addition it enhanced the activities of disease defence related enzymes like ascorbate peroxidase (APX) and chitinase (CHI); and decreased the formation of malondialdehyde (MDA) and hydrogen pero...
Source: LWT Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Conclusion: Antenatal detection of corpus callosum hypoplasia remains challenging. Counseling is difficult because neurodevelopmental outcomes are variable. PMID: 32070177 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Fetal and Pediatric Pathology - Category: Pathology Tags: Fetal Pediatr Pathol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 February 2020Source: Zoologischer AnzeigerAuthor(s): Lu Liu, Bao-Zhen HuaAbstractBittacidae is the the only cosmopolitan family in Mecoptera and little information is available on the larval morphology in most genera. Here, we investigate the morphology of the first-instar larva of the two-tailed hanging-fly Bicaubittacus longiprocessus (Huang and Hua, 2005) using light and scanning electron microscopy. The larva is eruciform and possesses three pairs of thoracic legs and eight pairs of abdominal prolegs. The head bears a median ocellus on the frons and a pair of compound eyes with sev...
Source: A Journal of Comparative Zoology - Category: Zoology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 February 2020Source: Radiation Physics and ChemistryAuthor(s): Atipong Bootchanont, Tirapat Wechprasit, Mati Horprathum, Chanunthorn Chananonnawathorn, Penphitcha Amonpattaratkit, Wantana Klysubun, Rattikorn Yimnirun, Atchara Khamkongkaeo, Naris Barnthip, Wutthigrai SailuamMg-doped hydroxyapatite (HAp) were deposited on Ti–6Al–4V substrates by radiofrequency (RF) magnetron co-sputtering of HAp and Mg targets. The as-deposited films were amorphous. Therefore, they were annealed at 1,000 °C in ambient air. After annealing, the crystal structure, local structure, coating...
Source: Radiation Physics and Chemistry - Category: Physics Source Type: research
This study aims to investigate the gamma and neutron attenuation properties of several OAD (oral anti-diabetic drugs) samples. Our sample consists of seven different OAD films with different elemental compositions. The data were evaluated with Monte Carlo (MATLAB, WinX) techniques by SEM (Scanning electron microscopy) and EDS (Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy) analysis. By using WinXCOM in the energy range from 0.02 MeV to 20 MeV, the mass attenuation coefficients (μ/ρ) for OAD samples are calculated. Additionally, both effective removal cross-section and effective atomic numbers (Zeff) for the sample films ...
Source: Radiation Physics and Chemistry - Category: Physics Source Type: research
Publication date: 1 April 2020Source: Journal of Molecular Liquids, Volume 303Author(s): Mariana Volpato Junqueira, Sabrina Célia Calçado, Lidiane Vizioli de Castro-Hoshino, Mauro Luciano Baesso, Anna Szarpak-Jankowska, Rachel Auzély-Velty, Marcos Luciano BruschiAbstractMicrosponges (MS) have shown great potential for the incorporation of relatively higher amounts of drugs. This is due to the presence of both surface pores and interconnected channels that provide a greater contact area for the absorption of active agents. However, the use of MS for carrying hydrophobic drugs is limited because the prep...
Source: Journal of Molecular Liquids - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
We present two isomeric series of photosensitive bent-core liquid crystals possessing a lateral chlorine atom in the central resorcinol unit and various linking units in the side arms. With the aim to tune properties of the nematic phase, we have varied the type of the linking unit in the lengthening arm with rising rigidity from benzoate ester, biphenyl, cinnamate, Schiff base to stilbene moieties. In addition to that, we have changed the position of the lateral substituent (chlorine) as well. The mesomorphic properties of the materials have been determined from differential scanning calorimetry, polarizing optical micros...
Source: Journal of Molecular Liquids - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 February 2020Source: Journal of Molecular LiquidsAuthor(s): Song Yan, Gang Wang, Qiannan Wang, Huaixing Li, Wenrui WangAbstractIn order to improve the permeability of coal seams, Microemulsions (MEs) are used as seepage reagents and their effect is compared with those of distilled water and Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate (SDS) solution. For comparison, the seepage time and permeability of different seepage reagents are measured by a seepage apparatus. Furthermore, the scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction analysis, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and contact angle measurement...
Source: Journal of Molecular Liquids - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 February 2020Source: Journal of Molecular LiquidsAuthor(s): Tayssir Missaoui, Ines Ben Amor, Taoufik Soltani, Hafedh Ben Ouada, Erwann Jeanneau, Yves ChevalierAbstractThe new compounds 4-decyloxy-2-fluorobenzoic acid and 4-dodecyloxy-2-fluorobenzoic acid display hydrogen-bonded liquid crystals (HBLC) of smectic and nematic phases. Their phase behavior established using polarizing optical microscopy (POM), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) consistently occurs as the sequence upon cooling: Isotropic liquid – Nematic – SmC – crystalline ...
Source: Journal of Molecular Liquids - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
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