Combined prenatal smoking and drinking greatly increases SIDS risk

(NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism) Children born to mothers who both drank and smoked beyond the first trimester of pregnancy have a 12-fold increased risk for Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) compared to those unexposed or only exposed in the first trimester of pregnancy, according to a new study supported by the National Institutes of Health.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

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TUESDAY, Feb. 4, 2020 -- Pregnant women who smoke cigarettes and drink alcohol may put their babies at higher odds for Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS), a new government study finds. After the first trimester of pregnancy, women who both smoked...
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - Category: General Medicine Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS: Preterm birth and fetal growth restriction play significant roles in fetal, neonatal and infant losses. PMID: 30834860 [PubMed - in process]
Source: South African Medical Journal - Category: African Health Tags: S Afr Med J Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Identifying characteristics of individuals at greatest risk for prolonged grief disorder (PGD) can improve its detection and elucidate the etiology of the disorder. The Safe Passage Study, a study of women at high risk for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), prospectively examined the psychosocial functioning of women while monitoring their healthy pregnancies. Mothers whose infants died of SIDS were followed in bereavement. METHODS: Pre-loss data were collected from 12 000 pregnant mothers and analyzed for their associations with grief symptoms and PGD in 50 mothers whose infants died f...
Source: Psychological Medicine - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Psychol Med Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Considerations should be given to: a) whole life course approaches to reduce tobacco use in Indigenous women; b) prohibiting tobacco promotion, and reducing access to alcohol for minors to prevent smoking initiation in Indigenous youth, c) training healthcare professionals in culturally-appropriate smoking cessation care to improve services access. It is critical to ensure acceptability and feasibility of study designs, consult with the relevant Indigenous communities and pre-empt implementation challenges. Research is needed into the effect of reducing or stopping smoking during pregnancy when using NRT, on su...
Source: Chest - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Chest Source Type: research
Conclusion The study shows an association between infant and parent room-sharing at 4 and 9 months and infants sleeping for less both in the short and longer term. It also showed a link between room-sharing and unsafe practices such as leaving objects such as blankets in the cot. However, the results of this study need to be treated cautiously as there are some limitations to the research: The findings do not prove that putting babies in their own room helps them sleep for longer. It might be that some parents of infants who were not sleeping very well anyway decided to keep their baby in the room with them. The data c...
Source: NHS News Feed - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Pregnancy/child Source Type: news
Conclusion This study aimed to see whether smoking in pregnancy is linked with some traits of ASD in the smoker's grandchildren. Although this was based on a large cohort of children, the results give quite a confusing and inconclusive picture. To be frank, the study raised more questions than it answered. Maternal grandmother smoking was linked with ASD traits only in girls (in whom ASD is less common in any case) – and then only if their own mother did not smoke. When looking at actual diagnosed cases of autism, the link was only found in boys. The study had some important limitations to consider: Most of the dat...
Source: NHS News Feed - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Pregnancy/child Neurology Mental health Genetics/stem cells Source Type: news
Conclusion This trial investigated the effect of using Virtual Infant Parenting (VIP) programmes for teenage girls on pregnancy outcomes of birth and induced abortion in Australia. Contrary to what may have been expected, it found that girls who took part in the VIP programme were actually more likely to have a recorded pregnancy (birth or induced abortion) compared to those who received the standard curriculum. This trial had a good study design and a suitable sample size; however, there are a few things to bear in mind: While these findings are interesting, this was an Australian study. Social and lifestyle factor...
Source: NHS News Feed - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Pregnancy/child Medical practice Source Type: news
Follow me at @drClaire In the United States, the national drinking age is 21. States can make it younger, but if they do they lose federal highway funding. The idea is that youth less than 21 are more likely to run into trouble if they drink, and that having them wait until they are older is better. You can argue about whether this actually works, but the idea is a good one. And yet when it comes to tobacco, as far as the federal government is concerned, you just have to be 18. Which, for anyone who knows anything about what happens when youth smoke, makes no sense at all. It was really Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD)...
Source: New Harvard Health Information - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Addiction Behavioral Health Children's Health Parenting Prevention Smoking cessation tobacco 21 laws Source Type: news
Conclusion This systematic review and meta-analysis of 13 cohort studies and three case-control studies showed that women who had had a previous stillbirth were more than four times more likely to have another, compared to women without a previous stillbirth. The research team wanted to look at the combined risk associated with unexplained stillbirths, but were unable to do so due to lack of suitable evidence. The review and associated BMJ editorial say that current guidance from the UK’s Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists recommend that women with a previous stillbirth are managed as high risk during ...
Source: NHS News Feed - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Pregnancy/child Source Type: news
Abstract Prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) increases the risk for The Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) in human infants. In rat pups, the arousal response to hypoxia is modulated by medullary raphe GABAergic mechanisms. We hypothesized that arousal to hypoxia is impaired by PAE, and is associated with an increase in medullary GABA and enhanced GABAergic activity. Pregnant dams received an ethanol liquid diet (ETOH), an iso‚Äźcaloric pair fed diet (PF) or a standard chow diet (CHOW). We first measured the time to arousal (latency), during four episodes of hypoxia in P5, P15, and P21 CHOW, PF, and ETOH pups. We also measure...
Source: Physiological Reports - Category: Physiology Authors: Tags: Original Research Source Type: research
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