Initial experience with 18 FDPA-714 TSPO-PET to image inflammation in primary angiitis of the central nervous system

Conclusions[18F]DPA-714-PET imaging may facilitate the diagnosis and treatment monitoring of PACNS. Further studies are needed to fully understand the potential of TSPO-PET in deciphering the heterogeneity of the disease.
Source: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging - Category: Nuclear Medicine Source Type: research

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ConclusionsThe most frequent causes of cSAH in our series were cerebral amyloid angiopathy, ischaemic stroke, and vasculitis. This type of haemorrhage has a worse prognosis than other non-aneurysmal cSAH. There are numerous possible causes, and prognosis depends on the aetiology. In elderly patients, intracranial haemorrhage is frequently associated with cognitive impairment.ResumenIntroducciónLas hemorragias subaracnoideas corticales (HSAc) tienen numerosas etiologías. No hay estudios prospectivos que indiquen su evolución a largo plazo. El objetivo de este trabajo es describir las característi...
Source: Neurologia - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Intracranial artery calcification is common in patients with ischemic cerebrovascular disease and the intracranial carotid artery is most frequently affected. Intracranial arterial calcifications might be associated with imaging markers of SVD and are highly correlated with WMHs, lacunes, and CMBs. Quantification of calcification on CT provides additional information on the pathophysiology of SVD. Intracranial arterial calcification could act as a potential marker of SVD. Introduction Atherosclerosis is a systemic vascular process that is considered a major cause of cerebrovascular and cardiovascular di...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Shanshan Zhang1, Dongli Yuan2 and Ge Tan1* 1Department of Neurology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China 2The Institute of Medical Information, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China Primary systemic vasculitis can affect every structure in both the central and peripheral nervous system, causing varied neurological manifestations of neurological dysfunction. Early recognition of the underlying causes of the neurological symptoms can facilitate timely treatment and improve the prognosis. This review highlights the clinical manifestations of primary systemic vasc...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusion: The present study suggests that lesion patterns observed from DWI of patients with PFO and SIAD might provide clues to the etiology of infarcts. Single lesions (cortical or subcortical) might be a typical feature of PFO associated strokes, while multiple lesions in one vascular territory might be a specific feature of SIAD associated strokes. Introduction Both patent foramen ovale (PFO) and spontaneous intracranial artery dissection (SIAD) are important stroke risk factors, especially in young and middle-aged adults (1–3). About 25% of patients with ischemic stroke are cryptogenic (4), and PFO is pr...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Giuseppe Ristagno1*, Francesca Fumagalli1, Barbara Bottazzi2, Alberto Mantovani2,3,4, Davide Olivari1, Deborah Novelli1 and Roberto Latini1 1Department of Cardiovascular Research, Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research IRCCS, Milan, Italy 2Humanitas Clinical and Research Center-IRCCS, Milan, Italy 3Humanitas University, Milan, Italy 4The William Harvey Research Institute, Queen Mary University of London, London, United Kingdom The long pentraxin PTX3 is a member of the pentraxin family produced locally by stromal and myeloid cells in response to proinflammatory signals and microbial moieties. The p...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Authors: Pothukuchi VK, Kumar A, Teja C, Verma A Abstract Snakebite is an important medical problem in India. Among their various manifestations, cerebral complications are uncommonly found in literature. Moreover, Ischemic stroke following snake bite is quite rare. Here we report a case series of two such cases that developed neurological manifestations following Russell's viper bite. On computerized tomography (CT) scan of brain; cerebral infarcts were revealed. Their likely mechanisms are discussed in present study which include disseminated intravascular coagulation, toxin induced vasculitis and endothelial dam...
Source: Acta medica Indonesiana - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Acta Med Indones Source Type: research
AbstractPatients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) bear an increased risk of ischemic stroke. However, evidences for treating acute stroke due to artery thrombosis in SLE patients are extremely limited. A 45-year-old woman experienced sudden left hemiplegia. She was transported to the emergency department of our hospital 2  hours after the initial symptom. According to the medical records, the patient was diagnosed with SLE at the age of 28. CT scanned 150 min after the initial symptom showed no evidence of acute changes or hemorrhage. Magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) revealed occlusion of the right pro...
Source: Neurological Sciences - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
We describe a case of a 61 year-old woman presenting with recurrent strokes in multiple vascular territories over seven weeks. Initially, she had no hematologic abnormalities and an unremarkable work-up including cardiac evaluation (TTE, TEE, TCD, cardiac MRI, 30-day loop monitor), vascular (CTA, MRA, 4-vessel angiogram), hypercoagulable panel, and scans for occult malignancy. After seven weeks her platelets remained normal (183), but the presence of a mild anemia (HGB 9.7, HCT 30), mildly elevated LDH (261), and "slight" schistocytes noted prompted suspicion for TTP. ADAMTS13 activity was
Source: Neurology - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Cerebrovascular Disease Case Reports I Source Type: research
Conclusions FDG PET-MRI imaging is a rapidly evolving modality that is most commonly employed for cancer evaluation. The standardized base of skull to mid thigh imaging may miss many important pathologies that are discovered even with MRI body sequences. We propose that PET-MRI body sequences that include the head may show added value in the management of patients.
Source: Journal of Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Authors: Tags: Outcomes/Comparative Effectiveness Research & amp; Radiation Safety Source Type: research
This report illustrates the potential hazards associated with neck trauma, including chiropractic manipulation. The vertebral arteries are at risk for aneurysm formation and/or dissection, which can cause acute stroke. PMID: 25552813 [PubMed]
Source: Baylor University Medical Center Proceedings - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Proc (Bayl Univ Med Cent) Source Type: research
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