Cardiac output measured by transthoracic echocardiography and Swan-Ganz catheter. A comparative study in mechanically ventilated patients with high positive end-expiratory pressure

RESUMEN Objetivo: Comparar las medidas de gasto cardiaco por ecocardiograf ía transtorácica y por catéter arterial pulmonar en pacientes en ventilación mecánica con presión positiva al final de la espiración elevada. Evaluar el efecto de la insuficiencia tricúspide. Métodos: Se estudiaron 16 pacientes en ventilación mecánica. El gasto cardiaco se midió con el catéter arterial pulmonar y por ecocardiografía transtorácica. Las medidas se realizaron en diferentes niveles de presión positiva al final de la espiración (10cmH2O, 15cmH2O, y 20cmH2O). Se evalúo el efecto de la insuficiencia tricúspide sobre la medida de gasto cardiaco. Se estudió el coef iciente de correlación intraclase; el error medio y los límites de concordancia se estudiaron con el diagrama de Bland-Altman. Se calculó el porcentaje de error. Resultados: Se obtuvieron 44 pares de medidas de gasto cardiaco. Se obtuvo un coeficiente de correlación intraclase de 0,908, p
Source: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva - Category: Intensive Care Source Type: research

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This study involved 45 CTEPH patients who underwent BPA with mean pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP) of 37.0 mmHg (all ≥ 25 mmHg). All patients underwent echocardiography and right-heart catheterization at baseline and 3 months after BPA. RV and RA remodeling was assessed as RV and the RA area, and RV systolic function was calculated by averaging peak speckle-tracking longitudinal strain of the RV free-wall (RV free-wall strain). Significant reverse remodeling in the right-sided heart was observed after BPA, resulting in improvement of mPAP and pulmonary vascular resistance (RV area: from 15.0 ±&thins...
Source: The International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
ConclusionsVasodilator challenge with iNO is safe in advanced heart failure patients undergoing RHC prior to HT listing. It produces a reasonably predictable haemodynamic response, which occurs predominantly at the pulmonary circulation level. Clinical implications of iNO ‐induced reversibility may be relevant, but further systematic validation is warranted in larger cohorts.
Source: ESC Heart Failure - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research
This study examined the accuracy of Doppler echocardiography for the estimation of pulmonary artery pressures at rest and during exercise. Methods Simultaneous cardiac catheterisation-echocardiographic studies were performed at rest and during exercise in 97 subjects with dyspnoea. Echocardiography-estimated pulmonary artery systolic pressure (ePASP) was calculated from the right ventricular (RV) to right atrial (RA) pressure gradient and estimated RA pressure (eRAP), and then compared with directly measured PASP and RAP. Results Estimated PASP was obtainable in 57% of subjects at rest, but feasibility decreased to 15&nd...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Original Articles: Pulmonary vascular disease Source Type: research
Abstract INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a serious pulmonary circulation disease caused by several etiologies, including schistosomiasis. The present study retrospectively evaluated the clinical and hemodynamic characteristics of patients with schistosomal PAH (PAH-Sch) compared to those of non-Sch PAH patients (non-Sch PAH). METHODS: Patients treated at the Pronto-Socorro Cardiol ógico de Pernambuco and diagnosed by right cardiac catheterization were divided into PAH-Sch and non-Sch PAH groups. Their socio-demographic and clinical characteristics, N-terminal-pro B-type natriuretic peptide (NT...
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionsHVAD cannula coronal angle was associated with reduced right ventricular function and HRAE. Prospective studies evaluating surgical techniques to ensure optimal device positioning and its effects on HRAEs are warranted.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: HVAD cannula coronal angle was associated with reduced right ventricular function and HRAE. Prospective studies evaluating surgical techniques to ensure optimal device positioning and its effects on HRAEs are warranted. PMID: 32035046 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tags: Ann Thorac Surg Source Type: research
In this study, we performed a detailed hemodynamic and hepatic assessment to analyze the incidence and spectrum of FALD and its association with patients' hemodynamics. From 2017 to 2019, 145 patients underwent a detailed, age-adjusted hepatic examination including laboratory analysis (FibroTest®,n = 101), liver ultrasound (n = 117) and transient elastography (FibroScan®,n = 61). The median patient age was 16.0 years [IQR 14.2], and the median duration of the Fontan circulation was 10.3 years [IQR 14.7]. Hemodynamic assessment was performed using echocardiogr...
Source: Pediatric Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
AbstractExercise performance declines as patients who have undergone Fontan operation enter adolescence. However, the effect of altitude on functional capacity after Fontan remains inadequately studied. Our aim was to describe exercise performance in a cohort of patients with Fontan physiology living at increased altitude and compare to a normal control group and relate these data to invasively derived hemodynamics. We hypothesized that peak oxygen consumption (\(V_{{{\text{O}}_{2} {\text{peak}}}}\)) would be decreased, in association with elevated mean pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP) and pulmonary vascular resistance (PV...
Source: Pediatric Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Ventricular-arterial coupling plays a key role in the physiologic function of the cardiovascular system. We have previously described a hybrid lumped-finite element (FE) modeling framework of the systemic circulation that couples idealized FE models of the aorta and the left ventricle (LV). Here, we describe an extension of the lumped-FE modeling framework that couples patient-specific FE models of the left and right ventricles, aorta and the large pulmonary arteries in both the systemic and pulmonary circulations. Geometries of the FE models were reconstructed from magnetic resonance (MR) images acquired in a pediatric pa...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
AbstractAimsIn patients with aortic stenosis (AS), B ‐type natriuretic peptide (BNP) is a prognostic marker. However, there is little information on the association between BNP and invasive haemodynamics in AS. The aim of the present study was to assess the hitherto not well‐defined relationship between BNP and invasive haemodynamics in patients w ith severe AS undergoing aortic valve replacement (AVR) with a view to understand the link between high BNP and poor prognosis in these patients. In particular, we were interested in the association between BNP and combined pre‐capillary and post‐capillary pulmonary hyper...
Source: ESC Heart Failure - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research
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