The genetic and environmental hierarchical structure of anxiety and depression in the UK Biobank - Morneau-Vaillancourt G, Coleman JRI, Purves KL, Cheesman R, Rayner C, Breen G, Eley TC.

BACKGROUND: Anxiety and depressive disorders can be classified under a bidimensional model, where depression and generalized anxiety disorder are represented by distress and the other anxiety disorders, by fear. The phenotypic structure of this model has b...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

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CONCLUSIONS: In patients with depressive disorder, hopelessness explains suicidal ideation, but largely because it covaries with depressive symptoms. The role of hopelessness as a central determinant of suicidal ideation in depression may have been overestimated. Symptoms of anxiety moderate the association between hopelessness and suicidal ideation. Severity of depressive symptoms may predict suicidal ideation more accurately than hopelessness. PMID: 32074414 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Clin Psychiatry Source Type: research
DiscussionStepped wedge designs are increasingly used a design to evaluate the real-life effectiveness of interventions. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first SW-CRCT in a low- and middle-income country evaluating the impact of the implementation of a community mental health intervention. The results of this study will contribute to the evidence on scaling-up lay health worker models for mental health interventions and contribute to the SW-CRCT literature in low- and middle-income countries.Trial registrationThe trial is registered prospectively with the Clinical Trial Registry in India and the Clinical Trial Reg...
Source: Trials - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conclusions: Most pregnant women with OUD were diagnosed with at least one non-opioid SUD and tobacco use disorder. Generalized anxiety disorder and major depressive disorder were also common, suggesting that mental health screenings should be prioritized for pregnant women with OUD. PMID: 32067526 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Psychosom Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research
This study aimed to identify the psychosocial factors related to sleep quality among liver transplant patients during outpatient follow-up. MATERIAL AND METHODS A retrospective cross-sectional study was performed in 124 liver transplant patients during outpatient follow-up. All participants completed a general demographic questionnaire, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), the Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 scale (GAD-7), the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), and the perceived social support scale (PSSS). RESULTS The mean global PSQI score was 6.57 (SD, 4.28), which was significantly higher than the mean score ...
Source: Annals of Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: Ann Transplant Source Type: research
Childhood trauma occurs in 70.3% of patients with conversion disorder/FND. Childhood sexual abuse is significantly associated with poor treatment outcome for physical symptoms in patients with conversion disorder/FND. Randomized clinical trials evaluating treatment models addressing childhood sexual abuse in conversion disorder/FND are needed. AbstractObjectiveExplore trauma, stress, and other predictive factors for treatment outcome in conversion disorder/functional neurological disorder (CD/FND).MethodsProspective observational design. Clinical cohort study among consecutive outpatients with DSM ‐IV CD/FND in a special...
Source: Brain and Behavior - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
ConclusionsPassive screen time use was associated with mood and anxiety disorders, whereas active screen time was not. Further research is needed to better understand the underlying processes contributing to differential risk associated with passive versus active screen time use and adolescent mood and anxiety disorders.
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Authors: Dolan-Soto DR, Jonas DE, Reed RM, Weil AB Abstract Evidence-based depression treatment in primary care is well established. However, clinicians are less likely to be trained to diagnose and treat anxiety disorder, which is frequently comorbid, poses an independent risk for suicidality, and complicates disease management. The University of North Carolina's Internal Medicine Clinic developed a measurement-guided approach to identifying and treating anxiety disorder using the seven-item Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale, treatment algorithms, medication charts, case-based training for best practices, onsite ...
Source: Psychiatric Services - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Serv Source Type: research
Abstract Clinical factors associated with daytime sleepiness and insomnia in persons with epilepsy (PWE) were examined in this cross-sectional study of 126 participants (men, 50.8%). Excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS; score of ≥11 on the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS)) was noted in 17.5% of participants (mean score, 6.1 ± 4.2), and moderate-to-severe insomnia (Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) scores of ≥15) was noted in 20.6% (mean score, 7.8 ± 6.4). Linear regression analyses revealed that ESS scores were independently associated with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA; snoring, tiredness, obse...
Source: Epilepsy and Behaviour - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Epilepsy Behav Source Type: research
Childhood trauma occurs in 70.3% of patients with conversion disorder/FND. Childhood sexual abuse is significantly associated with poor treatment outcome for physical symptoms in patients with conversion disorder/FND. Randomized clinical trials evaluating treatment models addressing childhood sexual abuse in conversion disorder/FND are needed. AbstractObjectiveExplore trauma, stress, and other predictive factors for treatment outcome in conversion disorder/functional neurological disorder (CD/FND).MethodsProspective observational design. Clinical cohort study among consecutive outpatients with DSM ‐IV CD/FND in a special...
Source: Brain and Behavior - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
Conclusion: Fibromyalgia and headache disorders were common in this cohort of Saudi patients with IBS. This coexistence of illness is partly explained by the functional nature of these illnesses. Collective efforts to provide multidisciplinary care is needed for these patients. PMID: 32020157 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Saudi Medical Journal - Category: Middle East Health Tags: Saudi Med J Source Type: research
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