How age relates to spatial navigation performance: functional and methodological considerations.

How age relates to spatial navigation performance: functional and methodological considerations. Ageing Res Rev. 2020 Jan 15;:101020 Authors: van der Ham IJM, Claessen MHG Abstract Aging effects have often been reported for spatial navigation performance. Moreover, navigation performance is thought to be an early marker of pathological aging. Yet, the cognitive complexity of navigation and large individual variation in healthy population make it difficult to pinpoint the precise aging mechanisms involved. We performed a systematic literature review with specific attention to functional dissociation between the tasks used and methodological characteristics. The literature search resulted in 39 articles in which age comparisons were made for large-scale navigation measures. Outcomes were categorized into the domains of landmark, location (egocentric and allocentric), and path knowledge (route and survey). Results indicate that clear functional dissociation exists between these navigation knowledge domains. Aging effects are found for path knowledge most convincingly, while landmark and egocentric location knowledge are frequently omitted in assessment. The participant samples reported often neglect adult, middle aged participants, while this group could be highly informative to the aging process as well. Moreover, having a clear image of age-related performance across the lifespan could be a valuable addition towards the early detection of pathological agi...
Source: Ageing Research Reviews - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Ageing Res Rev Source Type: research

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