Who Self-Harms?

Discussion IF YOU ARE IN A CRISIS SITUATION AND NEED HELP, call 1(800) 273-TALK(8255) there IS someone there who can help you, En Espanol 1-888-628-9454, or Text “HOME” to 741-741. Other resources are available at http://www.suicidepreventionlifeline.org Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is defined as the intentional, self-inflicted damage to the surface of the body without suicidal intention, which is not socially sanctioned[,]” such as piercing or tattooing. Examples of NSSI include self-cutting (70-97%), hitting (21-44%), burning (15-35%), scratching, banging, scraping or carving. The prevalence is increasing with more awareness and definition. In the beginning of the 1980s, the prevalence was 0.4% and increased to 0.75% by the end of the decade. About 4% is cited as a general population statistic, but rates are highly dependent on the age and population. Prevalence rates currently are estimated to be around 14-18% of adolescents with at least 1 incident in their lifetimes of “self-harm” or “self-mutilation.” Rates for adolescents meeting proposed criteria for NSSI by the DSM-V are lower at 1.5-6.7%. Other studies cite 13-45% of adolescents and 5-35% of young adults. It is unusual in childhood. NSSI is more common in 12-16 year olds and decreases after that time. Self-harm episodes are not usually impulsive episodes but are often planned to take place when the person is alone and experiences negative ideas or emotions. “Par...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

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Authors: Gavrila IL, Badea RI, Jude C, Socaciu MA, Comsa M, Badea AF Abstract Abdominal ultrasound (US) performed as a "primary imaging procedure" is an important diagnostic tool in gastroenterol-ogy. Expanding the routine investigation to the lower thoracic region might sometimes accelerate the diagnosis in inconclusive manifestations such as pulmonary pathology.US is a valuable tool in evaluating patients with breathing difficulties, chest pain, hypoxia, or chest trauma. This paper presents the particular situation of a patient hospitalized in the gastroenterology depart-ment, where the US identified si...
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research
Authors: Roman A, Palego F, Achimas-Cadariu P, Vlad C, Andries A, Tomuleasa CI, Gata VA, Pintican R, Rada MP, Feier D Abstract AimsThe present study aims to investigate the pain, anxiety and other factors that are associated with percutaneous computed tomography (CT)- and ultrasound (US)-guided biopsies of tumors.Material and MethodsThe study prospectively included 60 consecutive patients, of which 24 underwent CT-guided biopsies and 36 US-guided biopsies. The location of targeted tumors was within the thorax, abdomen, pelvis, and limbs. A questionnaire containing numerical rate scales (0-10) regarding procedural a...
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 25 February 2020Source: Neuroscience LettersAuthor(s): Jie Li, Binke Yuan, Guoxiong Li, Xingqi Lu, Yun Guo, Ying Yang, Minjie Liang, Jianping Ding, Quan Zhou
Source: Neuroscience Letters - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Conclusions/Importance: This study revealed that many users are not responsibly using CBD products, many believe CBD products provide health benefits that are not yet scientifically proven, and they are not knowledgeable about legal and regulatory issues. Until CBD use is more thoroughly researched and has more comprehensive regulation, public health professionals should address alternative stress and anxiety treatment methods. PMID: 32093530 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research
Conclusions: Certain groups were more likely to underestimate risks of mixing opioid pain-relievers with alcohol or benzodiazepines. Results underscore the importance of targeted public awareness campaigns, prevention programing, and communication between physicians and patients about the risks of mixing substances, particularly among high-risk groups. PMID: 32091310 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research
Authors: Osei-Owusu J, Yang J, Del Carmen Vitery M, Tian M, Qiu Z Abstract Severe local acidosis causes tissue damage and pain, and is associated with many diseases, including cerebral and cardiac ischemia, cancer, infection, and inflammation. However, the molecular mechanisms of the cellular response to extracellular acidic environment are not fully understood. We recently identified a novel and evolutionarily conserved membrane protein, PAC (also known as PACC1 or TMEM206), encoding the proton-activated chloride (Cl-) channel, whose activity is widely observed in human cell lines. We demonstrated that genetic del...
Source: Channels - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Channels (Austin) Source Type: research
Authors: Jia Q, Dong W, Zhang L, Yang X Abstract Neuropathic pain is clinically unsatisfactorily treated because of unclear mechanisms. The present study aims to explore the concrete mechanisms underlying the alleviation of resveratrol-activated silent information regulator 1 (Sirt1) to chronic constriction injury (CCI)-induced neuropathic pain. CCI surgery was conducted to the unilateral sciatic nerve of male Sprague-Dawley rats to induce neuropathic pain experimentally. Resveratrol with or without miR-182 antagomir were administered to CCI rats via intrathecal catheter. Behavioral tests including paw withdrawal t...
Source: Channels - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Channels (Austin) Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 26 February 2020Source: Physiology &BehaviorAuthor(s): Vicente Javier Clemente-Suárez
Source: Physiology and Behavior - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
Conclusion It is clear that clinically, there is still much to be learnt about alexithymia and its relationship with a range of related phenomena. Firstly, is alexithymia a continuous and stable trait independent of psychological or somatic symptomology that is developed during childhood? Or is it instead a reactive state induced by trauma and distress at any age, which serves to defend against intense and upsetting emotions? This impacts on treatment options. For example, should we be focussing on early childhood interventions which target the child's emotional environment and parenting to encourage emotional exp...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Stereoelectroencephalography (SEEG) vs.Mindstrong HealthMood Monitoring via Invasive Brain Recordings or Smartphone SwipesWhich Would You Choose?That's not really a fair question. The ultimate goal of invasive recordings is one of direct intervention, by delivering targeted brain stimulation as a treatment. But first you have to establish a firm relationship between neural activity and mood. Well, um, smartphone swipes (the way you interact with your phone) aim to establish a firm relationship between your “digital phenotype” and your mood. And then refer you to an app for a precision intervention. Or to your t...
Source: The Neurocritic - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Source Type: blogs
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