Could Vitamin D Influence Risk for Periodontal Disease —to “D” or Not to “D”?

AbstractPurpose of ReviewThe purpose of this review is to discuss the literature on associations between vitamin D and periodontal disease, including its strengths and weaknesses. Future direction for continued work in this area is provided.Recent FindingsResearch in cross-sectional cohorts, surveys, and case-control studies provide support for a role of vitamin D in periodontal disease, especially using clinical indicators such as bleeding on probing and clinical attachment loss. However, these studies have a number of limitations. They cannot establish temporality of these associations. Most case-control studies have been limited in sample size and have inconsistent findings. A number of cross-sectional studies are restricted to select populations (e.g., persons with HIV, diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis) limiting extrapolation of findings to the general aging population. Fewer prospective studies have been conducted, and only three have examined associations using a biomarker for vitamin D that reflects exposure from all its sources (sunlight, diet, and supplements). One study is limited by using self-reported measures of disease outcomes, and only two used measures of alveolar crestal height. However, of the prospective studies published, there is a suggestion that vitamin D might prevent against tooth loss. Only two randomized controlled trials have examined these associations, and they support the effects of vitamin D supplementation on prevention of tooth loss and gingiv...
Source: Current Oral Health Reports - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Related Links:

AbstractStrongyloides stercoralis (S. stercoralis), a human intestinal nematode, can lead to hyper/disseminated (HD) infection in patients treated with corticosteroids. Here, we report a case of strongyloidiasis in a 58-year-old female with a history of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The patient presented with abdominal pain and gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding. Stool was negative for parasitic agents in the first direct smear examination, and the patient with the probable diagnosis ofHelicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection or Crohn ’s disease received antibiotics and corticosteroids. ...
Source: Clinical Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
CD4+ T-Cells With High Common γ Chain Expression and Disturbed Cytokine Production Are Enriched in Children With Type-1 Diabetes Julia Seyfarth1*, Nathalie Mütze1, Jennifer Antony Cruz1, Sebastian Kummer1, Christina Reinauer1, Ertan Mayatepek1, Thomas Meissner1,2 and Marc Jacobsen1 1Department of General Pediatrics, Neonatology and Pediatric Cardiology, University Children's Hospital, Medical Faculty, Düsseldorf, Germany 2German Center for Diabetes Research (DZD), Partner Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf, Germany The common gamma chain (γc) contributes to the formation of different c...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 February 2019Source: The Saudi Dental JournalAuthor(s): A. Alhussain, A. Alqarni, A. Alfaddagh, B. Gaffar, Maha El Tantawi, K. Al-KhalifaAbstractIntroductionStudies linked (1) Gingivitis is caused by plaque accumulation due to improper brushing. Internet (2, 3) internet to particular diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and diabetes addiction may be linked to gingivitis due to lack of time needed for proper oral health. There is inadequacy of studies investigating the association between internet (4) practices use and gingivitis. This is needed to develop preventive programs. We hypot...
Source: The Saudi Dental Journal - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
We wish to share our experience with a rare case of leiomyomatosis peritonealis disseminate LPD, which is a rare condition characterized by the presence of multiple benign smooth muscle nodules located on peritoneal surfaces [1]. A 60  year postmenopausal woman had a 4 month history of abdominal bloating and postmenopausal bleeding, which required a total abdominal hysterectomy with bilateral salpingoopherectomy for a large benign uterine leiomyoma. She was para 3 with a BMI of 31 and medical history included type 2 diabetes me llitus, asthma, and rheumatoid arthritis.
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research
Abstract Longer lifespan is accompanied by a larger number of chronic diseases among older adults. Because of a growing proportion of older adults in the U.S., this brings the problem of age-related morbidity to the forefront as a major contributor to rising medical expenditures. We evaluated 15-year time trends (from 1998 to 2013) in the prevalence of 48 acute and chronic non-cancer diseases and cancers in older U.S. adults aged 65+ and estimated the annual percentage changes of these prevalence trends using SEER-Medicare and HRS-Medicare data. We found that age-adjusted prevalence of cancers of kidney, pancreas,...
Source: Experimental Gerontology - Category: Geriatrics Authors: Tags: Exp Gerontol Source Type: research
This study accessed the patients information on demographic characteristics, physical signs and symptoms. Study population This is a cross-sectional and observational study carried out in Brazil during DENV and ZIKV epidemic occurred in 2016. Patients were assisted at the Healthy Unit UPA Coronel Antonino in Campo Grande, MS, Brazil from February to March of 2016. During the study 134 suspected arboviral infection cases were included and submitted to investigation. Patients presenting fever, rash during acute phase of infection (up to the 7th day after disease onset) followed by at least two of the following signals a...
Source: PLOS Currents Outbreaks - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Chronic exposure to low to medium doses of OGC was associated with significantly increased risk of potential OGC-related AE in patients with RA, and greater cumulative OGC dose was associated with substantially higher AE-related healthcare expenditures among patients with AE. PMID: 29335343 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Tags: J Rheumatol Source Type: research
Authors: Robson A, Sturman J, Williamson P, Conboy P, Penney S, Wood H Abstract This is the official guideline endorsed by the specialty associations involved in the care of head and neck cancer patients in the UK. This paper provides recommendations on the pre-treatment clinical assessment of patients presenting with head and neck cancer. Recommendations • Comorbidity data should be collected as it is important in the analysis of survival, quality of life and functional outcomes after treatment as well as for comparing results of different treatment regimens and different centres. (R) • Patients with hyp...
Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Laryngol Otol Source Type: research
My friends Lelir and Westi in Bali don’t like to go to doctors. Nature is their pharmacy. You see, Lelir is a Balian. That means “herbal healer.” And Westi’s plantation is bursting with healing plants.  But one plant stands out above all the others. Lelir uses it to make a daily immune-boosting elixir as well as an anti-aging facial scrub. Balians use it as an antibiotic and for liver support. They boil it with milk and sugar to treat the common cold and allergies. Rural doctors make it into a paste with lime to ease sore joints. They make drinks to treat fevers and stomach pain. They mix it wi...
Source: Al Sears, MD Natural Remedies - Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Tags: Natural Cures Source Type: news
Question: A 71-year-old man presented to the emergency department with episodic bright red blood per rectum. He reported that these episodes occur for 15-20 minutes per day for 1- to 2-week periods and usually resolve spontaneously, but that when he bleeds, he has to wear pads or toilet paper to avoid soiling his clothing with blood. These episodes have been occurring for months. He denies any alleviating or exacerbating factors, and denies any pain associated with his bleeding. His past medical history includes diagnoses of rheumatoid arthritis, external hemorrhoids, tubular adenomatous polyps, permanent atrial fibrillati...
Source: Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Electronic Clinical Challenges and Images in GI Source Type: research
More News: Arthritis | Bleeding | Calcium | Clinical Trials | Dentistry | Diabetes | Diets | Endocrinology | Nutrition | Rheumatoid Arthritis | Rheumatology | Study | Vitamin D | Vitamins