Successful management of germanium poisoning-induced multiple organ dysfunctions by combined blood purification therapy.

Conclusion: Combined CVVHDF with plasmapheresis is an effective treatment for patients diagnosed with germanium poisoning and associated multiple organ dysfunctions. PMID: 31951756 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Current Medical Research and Opinion - Category: Research Tags: Curr Med Res Opin Source Type: research

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Authors: Marshall MR Abstract There are a number of misconceptions around the identified early survival benefit of peritoneal dialysis (PD) relative to hemodialysis (HD), including that such benefits "even out in the end" since the relative risk of death over time eventually encompasses 1.0 (or even an estimate that is unfavorable to PD); that the early benefit is, in fact, most likely due to unmeasured confounding; and such benefits are only due to the influence of central venous catheters and "crash starters" in the HD group. In fact, the early survival benefit results in a substantial gain of...
Source: Peritoneal Dialysis International - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Perit Dial Int Source Type: research
Authors: Lew SQ, Sikka N Abstract The 2018 Bipartisan Budget Act in the United States extended telehealth access to Medicare beneficiaries who receive home dialysis in which two of three monthly visits in a quarter may be performed by telehealth after three initial face-to-face monthly visits. The originating site (where the patient is located) can be a dialysis unit or the patient's home and without geographic restriction. Patient awareness and interest in this new telehealth benefit in urban patients has not been well characterized. Patients receiving peritoneal dialysis (PD) treatment located in an urban facilit...
Source: Peritoneal Dialysis International - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Perit Dial Int Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Long-term survival following EPS managed conservatively with nutritional support is feasible, with the majority no longer requiring nutritional support and having a quality of life similar to other patients with ESKD. PMID: 32067553 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Peritoneal Dialysis International - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Perit Dial Int Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Postulated transient increases in peritoneal capillary surface area were unnecessary to predict the entire Heimburger measurements. PMID: 32065069 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Peritoneal Dialysis International - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Perit Dial Int Source Type: research
Authors: Lam E, Lien YTK, Kraft WK, Piraino B, Vozmediano V, Schmidt S, Zhang J Abstract Intraperitoneal vancomycin is the first-line therapy in the management of peritoneal dialysis (PD)-related peritonitis. However, due to the paucity of data, vancomycin dosing for peritonitis in patients on automated peritoneal dialysis (APD) is empiric and based on clinical experience rather than evidence. Studies in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients have been used to provide guidelines for dosing and are often extrapolated for APD use, but it is unclear whether this is appropriate. This review summarize...
Source: Peritoneal Dialysis International - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Perit Dial Int Source Type: research
Authors: Cho Y, Davies SJ, Johnson DW PMID: 32063221 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Peritoneal Dialysis International - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Perit Dial Int Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: In this randomized controlled trial, we were unable to demonstrate that regular, targeted testing and retraining of new PD patients increased the time to first peritonitis or reduced the rate of peritonitis, as the study comprised patients with a low risk of peritonitis, was underpowered, open to type 1 statistical error, and contamination between groups. PMID: 32063220 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Peritoneal Dialysis International - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Perit Dial Int Source Type: research
Conclusion and Perspectives Collectively, previous studies showed that numerous types of TCMs protect against AKI via different mechanisms of action, including inhibiting inflammation, cell apoptosis, necroptosis, ferroptosis, and restraining oxidative stress etc. These data support the potential application of these TCMs as novel therapeutic agents in treating patients with AKI. Although some TCMs have entered preclinical trials, it is essential to initiate pre-clinical pharmacologic and toxicologic trials and clinical trials to evaluate the efficacy and safety of TCMs usage. Moreover, considering that some TCMs are dele...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Run Rat® is a commonly used rodenticide and the toxic effects are mediated through conversion of phosphide to phosphine gas. The majority of the deaths had occurred in the first 12 to 24 h and the main causes identified are refractory hypotension and arrhythmias. The late deaths (beyond 24 h) had been commonly due to adult respiratory distress syndrome, liver and renal failure. The outcome is poorer with delayed presentation, development of coagulopathy, hyperglycaemia and multiorgan failure with elevated liver enzymes. In our patient, Zinc phosphide poisoning caused severe acute kidney injury, ab...
Source: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: BMC Pharmacol Toxicol Source Type: research
A 37-year-old woman is brought into the emergency department by EMS after being found down next to a bottle of an unknown substance. (See photo.) Her family said she was initially tearful and repeatedly mumbling, “I’m sorry,” and became progressively less responsive.   She was obtunded and intubated for airway protection upon arrival to the ED. Her initial vital signs were a temperature of 98.8°F, heart rate 110 bpm, blood pressure 187/118 mm Hg, respiratory rate 22 bpm, and pulse oximetry 98% on ventilator. Initial ABG reveals a pH 6.89, pCO2 16, pO2 174, and bicarbonate 3.1. Pertinent lab resul...
Source: The Tox Cave - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Blog Posts Source Type: blogs
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