Extra-large V pattern in exotropia: a rare case and its management.

We describe a rare case where an extra-large V pattern (>60 Prism Dioptres (PD)) was present along with large exotropia (70 PD). Craniosynostosis or facial asymmetry was not present. The extra-ocular motility evaluation revealed mild over-elevation in adduction and extreme divergence in up-gaze. Examination of the fundus showed ex-cyclotorsion of both the globes. The V pattern was managed by bilateral inferior oblique muscle recession and full thickness upshift of both lateral rectus muscles. The exotropia was treated by bilateral lateral rectus recession and right eye medial rectus resection. Postoperatively, both the exodeviation and V pattern reduced to less than 10PD. The ex-cyclotorsion was also reduced after the surgery. There was restoration of binocularity and the near stereopsis improved to 170 secs of arc. Thus, extra-large V pattern strabismus may need a combination of procedures to achieve a good motor and sensory outcome. PMID: 31951469 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Strabismus - Category: Research Tags: Strabismus Source Type: research

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Background: The purpose of this study was to determine what craniometric changes occur to both orbits of unicoronal craniosynostosis patients undergoing fronto-orbital advancement and remodeling, and which of these changes are associated with new onset of postoperative strabismus. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed of the preoperative and postoperative orbits of 24 unicoronal craniosynostosis patients and the orbits of 24 control subjects, totaling 144 orbits. Eight parameters were evaluated using multivariate logistic regression analysis. One of the parameters was modified orbital index, an indicator of ...
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Pediatric/Craniofacial: Original Articles Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Our results confirm that UCS-associated anomalies of the superior oblique muscle function are associated with malposition of its trochlea in the roof of the orbit. This clinical anomaly supports the importance of MRI imaging in the surgical management of strabismus in patients with UCS. PMID: 31694836 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The British Journal of Ophthalmology - Category: Opthalmology Authors: Tags: Br J Ophthalmol Source Type: research
Orbital asymmetry in unicoronal synostosis impacts craniofacial appearance and can potentiate functional visual disturbances, such as strabismus. Surgical treatment aims to normalize overall cranial morphology, including that of the orbits. The purpose of this study was to compare postoperative changes in orbital asymmetry following 2 common procedures. Preoperative and 1-year postoperative computed tomography scans for patients with isolated, nonsyndromic unicoronal synostosis treated from 2007 to 2012, at 2 academic institutions were analyzed. Only patients treated by endoscopic suturectomy and postoperative helmeting o...
Source: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Conclusions: For treatment of unilateral coronal synostosis, endoscopic suturectomy is associated with lower morbidity and comparable aesthetics. Patients treated with endoscopic suturectomy are half as likely to require strabismus surgery compared with those treated with fronto-orbital advancement. CLINICAL QUESTION/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic, III.
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Pediatric/Craniofacial: Original Articles Source Type: research
Conclusion: Suture fixation of the globe to the orbital wall by flesh-to-flesh anastomosis of the extraocular muscle and orbital wall tissues achieved a desirable surgical result for complicated strabismus.
Source: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: Brief Clinical Studies Source Type: research
Purpose: Till date, the surgical policy of strabismus in patients with orbital fracture is scarcely described in literature. The purpose of this study was to describe the clinical features and surgical experience in patients with strabismus and persistent diplopia after orbital fracture repair, or in patients who need not receive surgery for orbital fracture. Patients and Methods: Retrospective review was performed on patients with orbital fracture who received strabismus surgery between 2004 and 2016 in Eye Hospital, Zhongshan Ophthalimc Center, Sun Yat-sen University, China. The following clinical data were recorded...
Source: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: Clinical Studies Source Type: research
Gorlin–Goltz syndrome (GGS), also known as nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome, is an autosomal dominant inherited disorder with high penetrance and variable expressivity. The classic triad originally described by Gorlin and Goltz in 1960 is composed of multiple nevoid basal cell carcinomas (NBCCs), odontogenic keratocysts (OKCs) in the jaws and bifid ribs. in 1977, this triad was modified by Rayner et al, and to GGS diagnosis, the OKCs had to appear in combination with calcification of the cerebellar falx or palmar and plantar pits. It may occur that although GGS syndrome is a well-known condition, only the specifi...
Source: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: Brief Clinical Studies Source Type: research
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Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Pediatric/Craniofacial: Original Articles Source Type: research
Discussion: Despite some promising results, methods of measurement are inconsistent and long-term data are lacking. All future research in this area would benefit from consistent and standardized reporting of data, including perioperative statistics and reproducible 3-dimensional computed tomography craniofacial measurements. Additionally, no definitive recommendations can be made until data at skeletal maturity are studied, and all studies would benefit from long-term follow-up data.
Source: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Conclusions: Cyclic esotropia can occur in adults with myopic strabismus fixus subjected to horizontal strabismus surgery and with concomitant strabismus following intraocular lens implantation for high myopia. Their cyclic strabismus consisted of a mild squint on day 1 which increased in severity on day 2. The extent of surgery required for correction was based upon the “severe esotropia” experienced on day 2 and resulted in an excellent therapeutic outcome.
Source: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: Brief Clinical Studies Source Type: research
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