Assessing Pretest Clinical Risk of Pulmonary Thromboembolism in the Emergency Department: Proposal of a Simple Modification to the Wells ’ Score

Clinical scores have been proposed to stratify the risk of pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE), although this approach suffers a low specificity and the unavoidable need for computed tomography pulmonary angiography (CTPA) scans.
Source: The Journal of Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Original Contributions Source Type: research

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We describe a case of aggressive progression of TA in an infant. This child was the youngest to be affected with the disease as reported in the literature. A 3.5-month-old boy presented with cyanosis of both legs, tachycardia and antithrombin III deficiency. Computed tomography angiography (CTA) revealed thrombosis of distal aorta and both iliac arteries. Thrombectomy was performed at the level of both common femoral arteries. In addition, thigh amputation of the left leg had to be performed. TA was diagnosed postmortem with thrombosis of the distal aorta, its branches and upper mesenteric artery which was not occluded on ...
Source: Acta Clinica Croatica - Category: General Medicine Tags: Acta Clin Croat Source Type: research
Abstract Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a condition characterised by an obstruction of the pulmonary arterial system by one or more emboli. Advanced clinical practitioners are often faced with ruling out a diagnosis of PE in patients with non-specific symptoms such as dyspnoea and pleuritic chest pain, which can be fairly mild and therefore a diagnosis of PE easily missed. PEs can be a challenge to diagnose, especially in elderly people, since it can be difficult to differentiate their symptoms from other less serious illnesses. Widely used scoring tools are helpful to calculate a patient's probability of having a PE....
Source: British Journal of Nursing - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Br J Nurs Source Type: research
AbstractOur knowledge about the incidence of pulmonary embolism (PE) and the performance of age adjusted D-dimers (Dd) cutoff amongst patients with lung cancer (LC) and suspected PE, remains limited. We retrospectively analyzed all clinically suspected patients who underwent computed tomography pulmonary angiography (CTPA) in a tertiary hospital during a 19  month period. Cancer diagnosis was established using ICD10 code. Eligible for Dd analysis were those tested up to 24 h prior to the scan. We analyzed 2549 patients (54.6% males, median age 68.8 years, IQR 57–78), 15.8% had active LC and 5.4% other ...
Source: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Although attention to thrombosis risk factors, clinical symptoms, and laboratory findings, can be helpful in screening patients with suspected PE, considering the ability of CT scan in confirming or ruling out other possible differential diagnoses, it seems that a revision should be done to lower the threshold of ordering this diagnostic modality for suspected cases. PMID: 31555771 [PubMed]
Source: Accident and Emergency Nursing - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Arch Acad Emerg Med Source Type: research
Conclusions: In this pilot study, we have demonstrated the feasibility and potential utility of V/Q PET/CT for the management of patients with suspected acute PE. V/Q PET/CT may be of particular relevance in cases of equivocal findings or isolated subsegmental findings on CTPA, adding further discriminatory information to allow important decision-making regarding application or withholding of treatment courses of therapeutic anticoagulation, which may confer an increased risk of bleeding. Given the other advantages of V/Q PET/CT (reduced acquisition time, low radiation dose), and with increasing availability of 68Ga-genera...
Source: Journal of Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Authors: Tags: Outcomes/Infectious Disease/Pulmonary II Source Type: research
Conclusion: Hybrid SPECT/CT (Q) imaging has a high diagnostic accuracy for detecting PTE than planar (Q) scans interpreted with chest radiographs. In addition, low dose CT used in SPECT/CT was able to identify other non-embolic pathologies (eg: pneumonia, emphysematous bullae, tumor or lymphadenopathy) responsible for perfusion defects which could have been missed on chest radiography thereby increasing the specificity. Modified PIOPED II had a higher number of non-diagnostic results compared to PISAPED which increases the latter's clinical utility.
Source: Journal of Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Authors: Tags: Cardiovascular Clinical Science Posters Source Type: research
Shanshan Zhang1, Dongli Yuan2 and Ge Tan1* 1Department of Neurology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China 2The Institute of Medical Information, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China Primary systemic vasculitis can affect every structure in both the central and peripheral nervous system, causing varied neurological manifestations of neurological dysfunction. Early recognition of the underlying causes of the neurological symptoms can facilitate timely treatment and improve the prognosis. This review highlights the clinical manifestations of primary systemic vasc...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
This study was approved by the ethics committee of the medical faculty of the Ruhr University Bochum. FIGURE 1 Figure 1. Flow chart showing the selection of the study population. Results A total of 59 patients underwent emergency CCTA (Figure 2A) for suspected stroke, of which 44 received the final diagnosis ischemic stroke. There were 17 patients who had ischemic stroke or TIA and known or newly diagnosed atrial fibrillation (Table 1; mean age: 77.5 years, standard deviation: 8.4 years; 53% female). As hypothesized, intracardiac thrombi could be visualized: once in an artificially occluded left atrial appe...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of pleural effusion (unilateral or bilateral) was higher in patients not treated with tPA. Therefore, in patients with a borderline condition, the presence of pleural effusion could support the decision not to give tPA treatment. PMID: 30905108 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The Israel Medical Association Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: Isr Med Assoc J Source Type: research
A 60-something presented with hypotension, bradycardia, chest pain and back pain.She had a h/o aortic aneurysm, aortic insufficiency, peripheral vascular disease, and hypertension.  She had a mechanical aortic valve.  She was on anti-hypertensives including atenolol, and on coumadin, with an INR of 2.3. She was ill appearing.  BP was 70/49, pulse 60.A bedside echo showed good ejection fraction and normal right ventricle and no pericardial fluid. Here is the initial ECG:What do you think?This ECG actually looks like a left main occlusion (which rarely presents to the ED alive):  ST Elevation in...
Source: Dr. Smith's ECG Blog - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: blogs
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