Investigation of plasmid-mediated resistance in E. coli isolated from healthy and diarrheic sheep and goats

In conclusion, a high prevalence of E. coli with high resistance patterns to antimicrobials was revealed in the current study, in addition to a wide distribution of their resistance determinants. These findings highlight the importance of sheep and goats as reservoirs for the dissemination of MDR E. coli and resistance gene horizontal transfer.
Source: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research

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In this study, ESBL/AmpC producing bacteria were isolated from beef cattle farms with seldom antibiotic use. Eleven farms out of 17 tested, had ESBL/AmpC producing E. coli in animals, soil, and forage samples. Fifty-nine CTX-M or CMY-2 positive E. coli isolates were further characterized with whole-genome sequencing. The isolates commonly carried CMY-2, TEM, or CTX-M genes, and over half encoded both CTX-M and TEM genes. Using comparative genomics, antimicrobial resistance genes from 12 classes of antimicrobial were identified and confirmed by antibiotic susceptibility test, revealing multidrug resistance against multiple ...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
In conclusion, the results improve our understanding on the characteristics of lncRNAs and mRNAs on regulating host immune response against C. perfringens type C infection, which will provide a reference for future research into exploring C. perfringens-related diseases in human. Introduction Clostridium perfringens (C. perfringens) is a Gram-positive anaerobic rod and ranks as the second most common bacteria that causes fulminant, fatal infectious and immune diseases (Scharff, 2012; Grass et al., 2013). These diseases are characterized by fever, pain, gas production, local edema, and severe tissue destruction, the...
Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Conclusion The results of our study demonstrate that robenidine is not suitable as a sole antimicrobial agent for the treatment of Gram-negative pathogen infections due to the lack of activity against the majority of Gram-negative isolates except for A. baumannii and A. calcoaceticus. However, we demonstrated in vitro efficacy against all selected Gram-negative organisms when robenidine was tested in combination with EDTA or PMBN, including against multidrug-resistant strains. Therefore, robenidine may be an appropriate candidate as a component of a combination preparation for the treatment of otitis externa in dogs. This...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
In this study, a “species” is defined as a unique AMR profile, including the profile corresponding to susceptibility to all tested antimicrobials. The AMR profile (or antibiogram) of an isolate is the combination of AMR phenotype (susceptible or non-susceptible) to each drug tested. SR reflects the richness of AMR profiles without weighting of abundance. SE and SD are measures in which both SR and relative abundance are taken into account. The BP diversity index is related to the proportion of isolates with the most common AMR profile. Changes in antimicrobial testing protocol could impact upon results, partic...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
In conclusion, association rule mining is an effective tool for identifying patterns of multidrug resistance within antimicrobial susceptibility testing data and evaluating the statistical and biological significance of the patterns. Rule quality measures used to sort and differentiate rules should be tested using resampling procedures to minimize the false discovery rate. Rule mining identified consistent multidrug resistance patterns involving beta-lactams, sulfisoxazole, tetracycline, gentamicin, and streptomycin in E. coli isolated from chicken carcasses and meat between 2004 and 2012. The generally low rule overlap su...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
This report describes the dynamics of FQ-associated mutations in the highly resistant in FQ mutants in S. Enteritidis. In addition, we characterized a deletion in the ramRA integenic region, demonstrating that this frequent mutation in the highly resistant FQ mutants provide resistance or reduce susceptibility to multiple families of antibiotics. Introduction Non-typhoidal Salmonella (NTS) is a major zoonotic pathogen worldwide (Bangtrakulnonth et al., 2004; Scallan et al., 2011). Infections caused by this pathogen have been mainly associated with gastroenteritis, an acute self-limiting intestinal infection. Howeve...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
This study highlights the public health importance of enhanced antimicrobial resistance surveillance and strict antimicrobial stewardship in human and veterinary healthcare. PMID: 30475200 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Medical Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: J Med Microbiol Source Type: research
Authors: Jenkins C Abstract Enteroaggregative Escherichia coli (EAEC, formerly known as "EAggEC") cause acute or persistent watery diarrhoea (with or without mucus) in children, predominantly in low-income countries, and are associated with travellers' diarrhoea in children and adults in middle and high income countries. The diverse nature of EAEC is such that not all strains cause disease. Conversely, certain strains of EAEC possess additional virulence determinants associated with the ability to cause severe diarrhoea and other symptoms, which might be life-threatening in vulnerable patients. The EAEC v...
Source: Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology - Category: Microbiology Tags: Curr Top Microbiol Immunol Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis is the first study reporting colistin resistance and emergence of multidrug resistance inEnterobacteriaceae isolated from healthy broilers in the Nile Delta region, Egypt. Colistin-resistantE. coli in poultry is of public health significance. The global rise of ESBL- and carbapenemase-producing Gram-negative bacteria demands intensified surveillance. ESBL-producingE. coli in poultry farms in Egypt are of major concern that emphasizes the possibility of spread of such strains to humans. The results also reinforce the need to develop strategies and to implement specific control procedures to reduce the use of antibiotics.
Source: Gut Pathogens - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
y A. Njom Campylobacter jejuni (CJ) is a zoonotic microbe and a major causative organism of diarrheal infection in humans that often has its functional characteristics inactivated in stressed conditions. The current study assessed the correlation between recovered CJ and water quality parameters and the drug sensitivity patterns of the pathogen to frontline antibiotics in human and veterinary medicine. Water samples (n = 244) from rivers/estuarines were collected from April–September 2016, and physicochemical conditions were recorded on-site. CJ was isolated from the samples using standard microbiological met...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
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