Association of Psychosocial Factors With Risk of Chronic Diseases: A Nationwide Longitudinal Study

ConclusionsThese findings suggest that several adverse psychosocial risk factors are independently associated with the onset of noncommunicable diseases.
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Related Links:

AbstractGambling is a popular activity among older adults. Despite this increase in popularity little research has examined gambling among this group. This is especially true for minority older adults, like Francophones in Ontario. The purpose of this study was to better understand gambling in a sample of older Francophones from North-Eastern Ontario, the first study to do so. A sample of 181 older (over 55  years) Francophones from Northeastern Ontario (M age = 68.7, SD 7.6) was recruited. This sample was compared to a sample of older adults with English as their native language that had been previously...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - Category: Addiction Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: These findings support the use of patient experiences and feedback to aide product development. In addition, post-9/11 veterans support the use of eScreening to assist health screening. However, evaluating the eScreening program in more diverse veteran groups and Veterans Affairs settings is needed to improve the generalizability of these findings to the larger veteran population. PMID: 32060553 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Military Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research
DISCUSSION: This group, comprising the mothers of young children, is particularly interesting in view of the credit constraints experienced by younger households during the financial crisis in Ireland. Both sets of results are consistent with qualitative studies which have shown that mortgage difficulties can lead to depression, anxiety and poor mental health, and that high status groups experience shame and self-blame when they experience a financial loss. It remains to be seen if this will have a long-term effect on the mental health of either the mothers or their children. PMID: 32060231 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics - Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Ment Health Policy Econ Source Type: research
Authors: Kolomeets NS, Uranova NA Abstract There is increasing evidence to support the notion that oligodendrocyte and myelin abnormalities may contribute to the functional dysconnectivity found in the major psychiatric disorders. The putamen, which is an important hub in the cortico-striato-thalamo-cortical loop, has been implicated in a broad spectrum of psychiatric illnesses and is a central target of their treatments. Previously we reported a reduction in the numerical density of oligodendrocytes and oligodendrocyte clusters in the prefrontal and parietal cortex in schizophrenia. Oligodendrocyte clusters contai...
Source: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research
Life after opioids: 'We have not served our patients well' More than 3 million Australians are living with chronic pain, and the medical system is struggling to help them as it turns away from its reliance on opioids www.theguardian.com “You may have a patient that has been on a stable dose of opioids for 10 years, and then you start de-prescribing. We are now exposing them to new risks for opioid overdose, for suicidality, for actual suicide, for withdrawal symptoms, for increased pain.” People living in chronic pain are a hi...
Source: Student Doctor Network - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Pain Medicine Source Type: forums
The objective of this study is to track and compare acute manic symptoms for sex differences during inpatient hospitalization.MethodsAll patients with bipolar mania admitted to a large university hospital between January and October 2017 were invited to participate in this longitudinal naturalistic follow ‐up study. Manic (YMRS), depressive (MADRS), and psychotic (PAS) symptoms were tracked daily from admission to discharge.ResultsThe total YMRS scores decreased significantly overtime (p 
Source: Brain and Behavior - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
AbstractPerinatal depression is the most common complication of pregnancy and affects the mother, fetus, and infant. Recent preclinical studies and a limited number of clinical studies have suggested an influence of the gut microbiome on the onset and course of mental health disorders. In this review, we examine the current state of knowledge regarding genetics, epigenetics, heritability, and neuro-immuno-endocrine systems biology in perinatal mood disorders, with a particular focus on the interaction between these factors and the gut microbiome, which is mediated via the gut-brain axis. We also provide an overview of expe...
Source: Psychopharmacology - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
AbstractAccumulating evidence indicates that disruption of galanin signaling is associated with neuropsychiatric disease, but the precise functions of this neuropeptide remain largely unresolved due to lack of tools for experimentally disrupting its transmission in a cell type-specific manner. To examine the function of galanin in the noradrenergic system, we generated and crossed two novel knock-in mouse lines to create animals lacking galanin specifically in noradrenergic neurons (GalcKO –Dbh). We observed reduced levels of galanin peptide in pons, hippocampus, and prefrontal cortex ofGalcKO –Dbh mice, indica...
Source: Anatomy and Embryology - Category: Anatomy Source Type: research
ConclusionsOur study provides fundamental insights on the molecular mechanisms underlying POMC neuron malprogramming in obesogenic contexts.Graphical abstract
Source: Molecular Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 February 2020Source: Canadian Journal of DiabetesAuthor(s): Tomoyuki Kawada
Source: Canadian Journal of Diabetes - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
More News: Anxiety | Cardiology | Depression | Diabetes | Diabetes Type 2 | Emphysema | Endocrinology | Heart | International Medicine & Public Health | Parenting | Psychology | Study | Women