Skiing and snowboarding head injury: A retrospective centre-based study and implications for helmet test standards

Snow sport head injury mechanisms are complex and cannot be represented through a single impact scenario. By relating clinical data to injury mechanism, improved evaluation methods for protective measures and ultimately better protection can be achieved.
Source: Clinical Biomechanics - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Source Type: research

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INTRODUCTION: Over 90% of trauma mortality occurs in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC), especially in sub-Saharan Africa. Head injury is the primary driver of trauma mortality in the pre- and in-hospital setting. METHODS: An observational stu...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
AbstractPurposeTo describe ICU stay, selected management aspects, and outcome of Intensive Care Unit (ICU) patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) in Europe, and to quantify variation across centers.MethodsThis is a prospective observational multicenter study conducted across 18 countries in Europe and Israel. Admission characteristics, clinical data, and outcome were described at patient- and center levels. Between-center variation in the total ICU population was quantified with the median odds ratio (MOR), with correction for case-mix and random variation between centers.ResultsA total of 2138 patients were admitted t...
Source: Intensive Care Medicine - Category: Intensive Care Source Type: research
INTRODUCTION Admission computed tomography (CT) is a widely used diagnostic tool for patients with pelvic fractures. In this pilot study, we hypothesized that pelvic hematoma volumes derived using a rapid automated deep learning-based quantitative visualization and measurement algorithm predict interventions and outcomes including (a) need for angioembolization (AE), pelvic packing (PP), or massive transfusion (MT), and (b) in-hospital mortality. METHODS We performed a single-institution retrospective analysis of 253 patients with bleeding pelvic fractures who underwent admission abdominopelvic trauma CT between 2008 ...
Source: The Journal of Trauma: Injury, Infection, and Critical Care - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research
Tozuda, a company based in Philadelphia, has developed a head impact sensor that can be attached to a sports helmet, such as those worn by football or hockey players, and which will indicate if a dangerous impact has occurred. The sensor undergoes a ...
Source: Medgadget - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Exclusive Neurology Sports Medicine Source Type: blogs
Beca Glyn, 26, fell of the bike on her family farm in North Wales in March 2018. Her sense of taste and smell was damaged as a result of the head injury.
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
ConclusionPatients with reactive pupils and/or mild to moderate GCS may have benefited from TXA in the CRASH-3 trial because they had less intracranial bleeding at baseline. However, because bleeding occurs soon after injury, treatment delay reduces the benefit of TXA.
Source: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research
We describe the relationship between Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) scores at presentation and risk of ci...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
This study explored associations with mortality in patients with mTBI.Methods: This was a retrospective study of patients with mTBI and controls admitted to six level 1 trauma centers in 1/1/2009-12/31/2013. Mortality data were from the CDC National Death Index. Patients with mTBI were identified by ICD-9 code, Glasgow Coma Scale 13-15, Injury Severity Score (ISS)
Source: Brain Injury - Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 February 2020Source: European Journal of RadiologyAuthor(s): Mostafa Alabousi, Vincent M. Mellnick, Rayeh Kashef Al-Ghetaa, Michael N. PatlasAbstractBlunt abdominal trauma often presents a diagnostic challenge. Clinical examination demonstrates low reliability in detecting abdominal injury (16%) when there is a history of head injury or loss of consciousness. This can prove detrimental, as delays in the diagnosis of traumatic bowel injury of 8 hours or less can result in increased morbidity and mortality, as well as prolonged hospitalization. Although hemodynamically unstable pa...
Source: European Journal of Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
ConclusionsCurrent TBI outcome prediction models can be improved by the addition of neuromonitoring bedside parameters measured continuously within the first 24  h after the start of neuromonitoring. As these factors might be modifiable by treatment during the admission, testing in a larger (multicenter) data set is warranted.
Source: Neurocritical Care - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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