Watching the Brain: an Overview of Neuromonitoring Systems and Their Utility in the Emergency Department

This article focuses on the most common devices along with their adoption and implementation into the practice of emergency medicine.Recent FindingsThe field of non-invasive neuromonitoring techniques is rapidly flourishing with an emphasis on portability and reproducibility, enhancing adoption into the practice of emergency medicine. Devices such as the extra-ventricular drain have proven to be of both diagnostic and therapeutic benefit, allowing for both global ICP monitoring and CSF sampling. However, as emergency physicians become more facile in the use of ultrasound, procedures such as optic nerve sheath diameter evaluation and transcranial Doppler assessments add to the availability of bedside neuromonitoring. It is important to note that many of these devices still require further validation.SummaryThe field of neuromonitoring encompasses invasive and non-invasive techniques. While useful, they require further validation to establish standardized protocols that would allow for consistent and reliable implementation in the emergency department.
Source: Current Emergency and Hospital Medicine Reports - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research

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Publication date: March 2020Source: Materials Science and Engineering: B, Volume 253Author(s): Bingchi Luo, Yudan He, Kai Li, Lei jin, Bo Li, Jiangshan LuoAbstractThe beryllium (Be) films were prepared by vacuum evaporation with ultrasound on the glass slide substrates. The Be coating mainly consists of α-Be phase independent of ultrasonic vibration, while the texture and crystallinity are affected by ultrasonic vibration. With the increasing of ultrasonic power, the surface displays polygonal grains, but the grain size decreases from 130 nm to 60 nm. The cross section views show a transition from regular columna...
Source: Materials Science and Engineering: B - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
This study was dedicated to the functionalisation of flaxseed proteins by ultrasonication to produce coatings enriched with flaxseed proteins and raspberry phytochemicals. High frequency (850 kHz) ultrasound (US) was used for the texturization of flaxseed proteins at 50 °C temperature. The functional properties of proteins (emulsifying, foaming, and gelling) significantly (p 
Source: LWT Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
An ultra-compact ultrasound sensor with a chalcogenide (ChG) microfiber and a silica microfiber is fabricated. It can detect the ultrasound ...
Source: Optics Letters - Category: Physics Authors: Source Type: research
This study aims to investigate whether HIF-1/BNIP3-mediated mitochondrial autophagy is involved in the restoration of sevoflurane postconditioning cardioprotection in diabetic state. Ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) model was established by ligating the anterior descending coronary artery and sevoflurane was administered at the first 15 min of reperfusion. Myocardial infarct size, mitochondrial ultrastructure and autophagosome, ATP content, mitochondrial membrane potential, ROS production, HIF-1α, BNIP3, LC3B-II, Beclin-1, P62, LAMP2 protein expression were detected 2 h after reperfusion, and cardiac function was evaluated...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
AbstractIntroduction/objectivesTo evaluate the clinical relevance of high-resolution hand and wrist ultrasound (US) findings and their possible associations with anti-citrullinated peptide antibodies in primary Sj ögren’s syndrome (pSS).MethodsNinety-seven consecutive pSS patients (American-European Consensus Group, 2002) without meeting the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) criteria (1987) for rheumatoid arthritis (RA); 20 RA patients (ACR/European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) criteria, 2010); and 80 healthy individuals with comparable age, gender, and ethnicity were enrolled in a case-control study. ...
Source: Clinical Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
Conditions:   Tibial Meniscus Injuries;   Knee Injuries;   Knee Injuries and Disorders Interventions:   Device: Lipogems;   Drug: Normal Saline Sponsors:   Kessler Foundation;   Walter Reed National Military Medical Center;   Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conditions:   Ultrasonography;   Shoulder Interventions:   Device: Monopolar 448 kilohertz radiofrequency stimulation;   Device: Placebo comparator Sponsor:   University of Malaga Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conditions:   Tibial Meniscus Injuries;   Knee Injuries;   Knee Injuries and Disorders Interventions:   Device: Lipogems;   Drug: Normal Saline Sponsors:   Kessler Foundation;   Walter Reed National Military Medical Center;   Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
AbstractIn conventional techniques of anatomic hepatectomy, boundaries of hepatic segments are identified by injection of blue dye (indigo carmine) into the corresponding portal branch under ultrasound guidance [1]. Recently, fluorescence imaging following the injection of indocyanine green (ICG) solution into the portal branch has been used for clearer visualization of hepatic segments [2 –4].
Source: Journal of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Sciences - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: IMAGE OF INTEREST Source Type: research
When a pregnant woman sees her fetus on imaging scans, it can help strengthen...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: AR, 3D printing make waves in cardiac care Top 5 clinical applications of pediatric 3D printing How can 3D printing improve kidney cancer surgery? 3D MRI captures changes to fetal head during birth 3D-printed craniofacial models support family consults
Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news
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