Role of miRNA and Long Non-Coding RNA in Hepatocellular Carcinoma.
Role of miRNA and Long Non-Coding RNA in Hepatocellular Carcinoma. Curr Pharm Des. 2020 Jan 14;: Authors: Gupta M, Chandan K, Sarwat M Abstract Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) accounts for about 80-90% of all liver cancers and is found to be the third most common cause of cancer mortality in the Asia-Pacific region. Risk factors include hepatitis B and C virus, cirrhosis, aflatoxin-contaminated food, alcohol, and diabetes. Surgically removing the tumor tissue seems effective but a high chance of recurrence has led to an urgent need to develop novel molecules for the treatment of HCC. Clinical management with sorafenib is found to be effective but it is only able to prolong survival for a few months. Various side effects like gastrointestinal and abdominal pain, hypertension, and haemorrhage are also associated with sorafenib, which calls for the unmet need of effective therapies against HCC. Similarly, the genetic mechanisms behind the occurrence of HCC are still unknown and need to be expounded further for developing newer candidates. Since unearthing the concept of these variants, transcriptomics has revealed the role of non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) in many cellular, physiological and pathobiological processes. They are also found to be widely associated and abundantly expressed in a variety of cancer. Aberrant expression and mutations are closely related to tumorigenesis and metastasis and hence are classified as novel biomarkers and therapeutic targets fo...
Atypical chest pain is of diverse origin. Typically, we initially consider cardiac etiology. When pain appears non-cardiac, there is a tendency to underestimate the illness, especially if the patient has neuropsychiatric illness. Our resident with dementia and anxiety disorder had chest pain; the diagnosis was unexpected.
Antipsychotic medications are a vital part of controlling psychosis in schizophrenic patients. However, when those patients live in nursing facilities, we are obligated by CMS to undertake gradual dose reductions of antipsychotic medication if possible. Sometimes, these efforts are successful and sometimes they fail. Antipsychotic medications have many side effects, including sedation, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, weight gain, motor rigidity, impaired gait, and falls. Monitoring of blood glucose, lipids, and extrapyramidal symptoms is mandatory.
Chronic pain is common among older adults, as is the use of medications to treat these symptoms. Aging physiology, in combination with a higher likelihood of medication use and declining renal function, makes older adults more susceptible to adverse drug effects. As such, monitoring for side effects and changes in renal function is important to avoid drug toxicity, especially during acute illness when medication errors and acute changes in renal function are more likely to occur among older adults.
Many patients are discharged to post-acute care facilities (PACFs) following surgery. These patients have either had major surgery and require close monitoring and intensive rehabilitation, or have significant medical co-morbidities. Currently they are transported, sometimes at considerable cost, to the surgeon ’s office for post-surgery visits (PSVs). These trips can be painful and uncomfortable. A staff member from the PACF may need to accompany the patient. During PSVs surgeons observe the patient's incision(s), and assess potential complications following surgery, pain, and functional recovery.
Management of diabetes in post-acute settings needs special considerations. Hypoglycemia in the skilled nursing and rehabilitation facilities can lead to readmissions and complications including falls. Current EHR care-sets may not make a distinction between hospital and post-acute settings regarding diabetes management. The current diabetes management care-set in the EHR of our large healthcare system includes checking the blood sugar QID/AC/HS (before breakfast, lunch and dinner, and bedtime).
Chronic pain is among the most common reasons for seeking medical attention. In the United States, 1 in 5 adults had chronic pain in 2016 and it is estimated to cost over $500 billion annually in direct medical costs and disability. It is a prevalent problem among residents in the nursing home. Non-pharmacologic therapies are the most preferred treatment for chronic pain as pharmacological therapies, such as opioids, have proven to be less effective and associated with numerous side effects among older adults.
CONCLUSIONS: In the present systematic review and meta-analyses, varenicline was shown to reduce alcohol craving but not improve drinking-related outcomes in subjects with AUDs. PMID: 32097546 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Lee YM, Park SH, Lee DH Abstract OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to propose a new hypothesis for the role of lipophilic chemical mixtures stored in adipose tissue in the development of dementia. Specifically, we present how the dynamics of these chemicals can explain the unexpected findings from the Action for Health in Diabetes (Look AHEAD) study, which failed to show long-term benefits of intentional weight loss on cognition, despite substantial improvements in many known risk factors for dementia. Moreover, we discuss how the role of obesity in the risk of dementia can change depending on the dynami...
Publication date: Available online 25 February 2020Source: Actas Urológicas Españolas (English Edition)Author(s): G. del Pozo Jiménez, F. Herranz Amo, J.A. Arranz Arija, E. Rodríguez Fernández, D. Subirá Ríos, E. Lledó García, G. Bueno Chomón, M.J. Cancho Gil, J. Carballido Rodríguez, C. Hernández Fernández