CT Calcium Score In The Elderly With Aortic Stenosis

Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography - Category: Radiology Source Type: research

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This article summarizes current guidelines and best practices for the management of low-flow, low-gradient aortic stenosis. Summary Low-flow, low-gradient aortic stenosis is a difficult entity to diagnose and treat. Various diagnostic modalities are needed to accurately determine the severity of aortic stenosis and potential treatment benefit. True-severe classical and paradoxical low-flow, low-gradient aortic stenosis can be distinguished from pseudo-severe aortic stenosis by dobutamine stress echocardiography and/or multidetector computed tomography. Once the distinction is made, aortic valve replacement results in be...
Source: Current Opinion in Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Tags: VALVULAR HEART DISEASE: Edited by Subodh Verma and Bobby Yanagawa Source Type: research
Since 2002, transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has revolutionized the treatment and prognosis of patients with aortic stenosis. A preprocedural assessment of the patient is vital for achieving optimal outcomes from the procedure. Retrospective ECG-gated cardiac computed tomography (CT) today it is the gold-standard imaging technique that provides three-dimensional images of the heart, thus allowing a rapid and complete evaluation of the morphology of the valve, ascending aorta, coronary arteries, peripheral access vessels, and prognostic factors, and also provides preprocedural coplanar fluoroscopic angle predi...
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine - Category: Cardiology Tags: Reviews Source Type: research
We present extensive in vitro durability and stability testing of a novel polymeric TAVR valve (PolyNova valve) using 1) accelerated wear testing (AWT, ISO 5840); 2) calcification susceptibility (in the AWT)—compared with clinically used tissue valves; and 3) extended crimping stability (valves crimped to 16 Fr for 8 days). Hydrodynamic testing was performed every 50M cycles. The valves were also evaluated visually for structural integrity and by scanning electron microscopy for evaluation of surface damage in the micro-scale. Calcium and phosphorus deposition was evaluated using micro-computed tomography (μCT) an...
Source: ASAIO Journal - Category: Medical Devices Tags: Biomedical Engineering Source Type: research
Abstract PURPOSE: We investigated the utility of trunk muscle cross-sectional area to predict length of hospitalization after surgical aortic valve replacement (AVR) for aortic stenosis (AS). METHODS: Adult AS patients who underwent isolated AVR at a single institution were studied. The cross-sectional area of the erector spinae muscles (ESM) at the first and second lumbar vertebrae and that of the psoas muscle (PM) at the third and fourth lumbar vertebrae were measured on preoperative computed tomography (CT). Each was indexed to body surface area. Risk factors for prolonged postoperative hospitalization (&g...
Source: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tags: Ann Thorac Cardiovasc Surg Source Type: research
We aimed to evaluate the burden of coronary artery disease (CAD) using the computed tomography (CT) Leaman score in low-risk transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) patients. The extent of CAD in low-risk patients with aortic stenosis (AS) who are candidates for TAVI has not been accurately quantified. The CT Leaman score was developed to quantify coronary CT angiography (CCTA) atherosclerotic burden and has been validated to evaluate the extent of CAD. CT Leaman score>5 has been associated with an increase in major adverse cardiac events over long-term follow-up.
Source: The American Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: These results provide the first evidence that TAVI may improve cognitive functions associated with increased cerebral perfusion especially in the hippocampus in elderly patients with severe AS. PMID: 31951203 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: EuroIntervention - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Tags: EuroIntervention Source Type: research
This study sought to derive and validate a systematic method enabling AVC quantification using computed tomography angiography (CTA) in patients with AS.Methods134 consecutive patients with AS who underwent both NCCT and CTA were included in the study and sub-divided into derivation (n=71) and validation cohorts (n=63). On NCCT, AVC was quantified using Agatston method utilizing the software developed for semi-automatic assessment of coronary calcium. On CTA, mean contrast attenuation of aorta (AortaHU) and standard deviation (SD) was measured in the region-of-interest at level of sinotubular junction.ResultsUsing an adjus...
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
This study sought to derive and validate a systematic method enabling AVC quantification using computed tomography angiography (CTA) in patients with AS. METHODS: 134 consecutive patients with AS who underwent both NCCT and CTA were included in the study and sub-divided into derivation (n=71) and validation cohorts (n=63). On NCCT, AVC was quantified using Agatston method utilizing the software developed for semi-automatic assessment of coronary calcium. On CTA, mean contrast attenuation of aorta (AortaHU) and standard deviation (SD) was measured in the region-of-interest at level of sinotubular junction. RESULTS...
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tags: Ann Thorac Surg Source Type: research
This article will review the most common complications described in literature and focuses on the role of multidetector computed tomography (CT) in their evaluation either exclusively, or complementary to other imaging methods.
Source: Clinical Radiology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
AbstractAortic valvular calcium score (AVCS) can identify severe aortic stenosis (AS) and provide powerful prognostic information. In severe and symptomatic AS, patients can be referred for a transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). The aim of this study was to determine whether AVCS, measured on the preoperative contrast enhanced multislice computed tomography (MSCT), is associated with device success (DS), major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) and paravalvular leak (PVL) after TAVR. Three hundred and fifty-two consecutive patients who underwent TAVR with a preoperative standardised contrast enhanced MSCT were includ...
Source: The International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
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