Minimising infection spread of influenza in the care setting

This article explores some the most up-to-date influenza literature and research. It discusses how nurses and other health professionals can use this evidence in order to help them mitigate the consequences of influenza.
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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Publication date: Available online 21 February 2020Source: Antiviral ResearchAuthor(s): Rashmi Kumari, Zhu Guo, Amrita Kumar, Mayim Wiens, Shivaprakash Gangappa, Jacqueline M. Katz, Nancy J. Cox, Renu B. Lal, Devanand Sarkar, Paul B. Fisher, Adolfo García-Sastre, Takashi Fujita, Vijay Kumar, Suryaprakash Sambhara, Priya Ranjan, Sunil K. LalAbstractInfluenza virus non-structural protein 1 (NS1) counteracts host antiviral innate immune responses by inhibiting Retinoic acid inducible gene-I (RIG-I) activation. However, whether NS1 also specifically regulates RIG-I transcription is unknown. Here, we identify a CCAAT/Enh...
Source: Antiviral Therapy - Category: Virology Source Type: research
Every year in the United States, the CDC estimates that influenza results in between 9 million – 45 million illnesses, between 140,000 – 810,000 hospitalizations, and between 12,000 – 61,000 deaths (approximately 100  – 200 being pediatric fatalities). In the United States, the immense disease burden of the flu is unparalleled with any other pathogen, but fortunately there is a vaccine and antiviral medications which help to mitigate the yearly morbidity and mortality wrought by influenza.Because the flu changes its shape every year by a process called antigenic shift&n...
Source: A Pediatrician's Blog - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: blogs
In this study we used oseltamivir (OST), a neuraminidase inhibitor and nitazoxanide (NTZ), a host directed drug, and found in vitro that the combination of these two antivirals have a synergistic relationship. Using the ferret model of (A/Perth/265/2009, (H1N1)pdm09), virus infections, we found that the combination of NTZ and OST was more effective than either NTZ or OST independently in preventing infection and reducing duration of viral shedding. However, these benefits were only seen if treatment was administered prophylactically, as opposed to therapeutically. We also found that if prophylactically treated ferrets that...
Source: Antiviral Therapy - Category: Virology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 February 2020Source: The Lancet Global HealthAuthor(s): Xin Wang, You Li, Katherine L O'Brien, Shabir A Madhi, Marc-Alain Widdowson, Peter Byass, Saad B Omer, Qalab Abbas, Asad Ali, Alberta Amu, Eduardo Azziz-Baumgartner, Quique Bassat, W Abdullah Brooks, Sandra S Chaves, Alexandria Chung, Cheryl Cohen, Marcela Echavarria, Rodrigo A Fasce, Angela Gentile, Aubree GordonSummaryBackgroundSeasonal influenza virus is a common cause of acute lower respiratory infection (ALRI) in young children. In 2008, we estimated that 20 million influenza-virus-associated ALRI and 1 million influenza-viru...
Source: The Lancet Global Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
AbstractWhen deciding whether to vaccinate, people often seek information through consequential processes that are not currently well understood. A survey of a nationally representative sample of U.S. adults (N = 2,091) explored the factors associated with intentions to seek influenza vaccine information in the 2018 –2019 influenza season. This survey shed light on what motivates intentions to seek information about the influenza vaccine through the lens of the risk information seeking and processing (RISP) model. The model explained information‐seeking intentions well among both unvaccinated and vaccinated respond...
Source: Risk Analysis - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research
The CDC noted that for the week ending February 15, 6.1 percent of all visits to healthcare providers were related to influenza-like illness, down from 6.7 percent the prior week.
Source: Health News - UPI.com - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS: A historical anchor for vaccination rates and ILI is provided in a large cohort of college students following the 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic. Influenza immunization locations were determined, as was self-reported obstacles to receiving vaccinations. These are important results for public health leaders seeking to increase vaccination rates during future influenza seasons. PMID: 32074350 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Military Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 February 2020Source: Research in Veterinary ScienceAuthor(s): Aysun Yilmaz, Sajid Umar, Nuri Turan, Ozge Aydin, H. Emre Tali, Tuba C. Oguzoglu, Huseyin Yilmaz, Juergen A. Richt, Mariette F. DucatezAbstractBovine respiratory infections are the most economically important diseases affecting the cattle industry worldwide including Turkey. Influenza D virus (IDV) could play an important role to trigger bovine respiratory disease (BRD) complex. Since, there is no data about the presence and genotypes of IDV in Turkish cattle herds; this study was performed to investigate IDV in cattle in Tu...
Source: Research in Veterinary Science - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
Preliminary estimates show influenza vaccine effectiveness for 2019-2020 was 55% in children and 45% overall, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Allergy Headlines - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Infectious Diseases News Source Type: news
, Flannery B Abstract During the 2019-20 influenza season, influenza-like illness (ILI)* activity first exceeded the national baseline during the week ending November 9, 2019, signaling the earliest start to the influenza season since the 2009 influenza A(H1N1) pandemic. Activity remains elevated as of mid-February 2020. In the United States, annual vaccination against seasonal influenza is recommended for all persons aged ≥6 months (1). During each influenza season, CDC estimates seasonal influenza vaccine effectiveness in preventing laboratory-confirmed influenza associated with medically attended acute respi...
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research
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