Biological agents reduce cardiovascular events in rheumatoid arthritis non-responsive to tumor necrosis factor-inhibitors – a national cohort study

Publication date: Available online 15 January 2020Source: Canadian Journal of CardiologyAuthor(s): Ming-Jer Hsieh, Cheng-Hung Lee, Ming-Lung Tsai, Chang-Fu Kao, Wen-Ching Lan, Yu-Tung Huang, Wen-Yi Tseng, Ming-Shien Wen, Shang-Hung ChangAbstractBackgroundTumor necrosis factor inhibitors (TNFi) improve joints outcomes and reduce cardiovascular (CV) risk in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, 20-45% of RA patients are TNFi poor responders and have a significantly higher risk of CV events. In these TNFi non-responders, the use of second-line biological agents to improve synovial outcomes is supported by clinical trials and real-world experience. However, it remains unknown what kind of immune-mediated agent has the best CV prevention effect on this high-risk population.MethodsA nationwide RA cohort obtained from Taiwan’s National Health Insurance claims database was constructed. RA patients first treated with TNFi who then received either rituximab, tocilizumab or abatacept, were enrolled and followed for 2 years.ResultsA total of 89,973 RA patients were screened and 1,584 patients were ultimately included. The incidence of major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) at 2 years in the rituximab, tocilizumab and abatacept groups was 7.17%, 2.75% and 2.38%, respectively. Multivariate adjusted-Cox analysis showed tocilizumab had significantly lower risk than rituximab in myocardial infarction [Hazard Ratio (HR)=0.12; 95% Confidence Interval (CI): 0.02-0.56, p=0.008], a...
Source: Canadian Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

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CONCLUSION: Abatacept and TNFi were associated with decreased risk of CVD compared to csDMARDs. Minimizing glucocorticoid use and optimizing MTX dose may improve CV outcomes in patients with RA. PMID: 32801134 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Tags: J Rheumatol Source Type: research
ConclusionOur findings indicate that in RA, biologic DMARD use is associated with reduced CVD risk, protective calcification of noncalcified lesions, and lower likelihood of new plaque formation in patients with early atherosclerosis.
Source: Arthritis and Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewTo present the interaction between brain/heart and emphasize the role of combined brain/heart magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and other seronegative spondyloarthropathies (SNA).Recent FindingsBoth traditional cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors and intrinsic RA/SNA features contribute to the increased CVD-related morbidity/mortality. CVD in RA usually occurs a decade earlier than age- and sex-matched controls, and RA patients are twice more likely to develop myocardial infarction irrespective of age, history of prior CVD, and traditional CVD risk fa...
Source: Current Rheumatology Reports - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
ConclusionIn rheumatoid arthritis, bDMARD use associated with reduced CVD risk, protective calcification of non ‐calcified lesions and lower likelihood of new plaque formation in patients with early atherosclerosis.
Source: Arthritis and Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Authors: Tags: FULL LENGTH Source Type: research
In this study, we investigated the link between AF and senescence markers through the assessment of protein expression in the tissue lysates of human appendages from patients in AF, including paroxysmal (PAF) or permanent AF (PmAF), and in sinus rhythm (SR). The major findings of the study indicated that the progression of AF is strongly related to the human atrial senescence burden as determined by p53 and p16 expression. The stepwise increase of senescence (p53, p16), prothrombotic (TF), and proremodeling (MMP-9) markers observed in the right atrial appendages of patients in SR, PAF, and PmAF points toward multiple inter...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Giuseppe Ristagno1*, Francesca Fumagalli1, Barbara Bottazzi2, Alberto Mantovani2,3,4, Davide Olivari1, Deborah Novelli1 and Roberto Latini1 1Department of Cardiovascular Research, Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research IRCCS, Milan, Italy 2Humanitas Clinical and Research Center-IRCCS, Milan, Italy 3Humanitas University, Milan, Italy 4The William Harvey Research Institute, Queen Mary University of London, London, United Kingdom The long pentraxin PTX3 is a member of the pentraxin family produced locally by stromal and myeloid cells in response to proinflammatory signals and microbial moieties. The p...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Fight Aging! provides a weekly digest of news and commentary for thousands of subscribers interested in the latest longevity science: progress towards the medical control of aging in order to prevent age-related frailty, suffering, and disease, as well as improvements in the present understanding of what works and what doesn't work when it comes to extending healthy life. Expect to see summaries of recent advances in medical research, news from the scientific community, advocacy and fundraising initiatives to help speed work on the repair and reversal of aging, links to online resources, and much more. This content is...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
In conclusion, in the Framingham Heart Study population, in the last 30 years, disease duration in persons with dementia has decreased. However, age-adjusted mortality risk has slightly decreased after 1977-1983. Consequences of such trends on dementia prevalence should be investigated. Recent Research on the Benefits of Exercise in Later Life https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2018/04/recent-research-on-the-benefits-of-exercise-in-later-life/ A sizable body of work points to the ability of older individuals to continue to obtain benefits through regular physical activity, and particularly in the case ...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
In conclusion, the present study demonstrated that TIGIT is a prominent negative immune regulator involved in immunosenescence. This novel finding is highly significant, as targeting TIGIT might be an effective strategy to improve the immune response and decrease age-related comorbidities. Delivery of Extracellular Vesicles as a Potential Basis for Therapies https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2018/01/delivery-of-extracellular-vesicles-as-a-potential-basis-for-therapies/ Here I'll point out a readable open access review paper on the potential use of extracellular vesicles as a basis for therapy: harveste...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Big Pharma is at it again… Creating and selling a drug that causes thousands of heart attacks and strokes each year. In 2015, the FDA asked drug makers to strengthen their warning labels. Since then, most have listed their dangerous side effects on the bottle. But one manufacturer thought they didn’t have to warn people about their dangerous drug. They marketed their product as a “unique” breakthrough. They even published studies promising it was “safe for long-term use.” 1 The drug is a 7-year-old arthritis drug called Actemra. It’s made by the Swiss pharmaceutical company Roche....
Source: Al Sears, MD Natural Remedies - Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Tags: Anti-Aging Source Type: news
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