Numerical Study of Atrial Fibrillation Effects on Flow Distribution in Aortic Circulation.

Numerical Study of Atrial Fibrillation Effects on Flow Distribution in Aortic Circulation. Ann Biomed Eng. 2020 Jan 14;: Authors: Deyranlou A, Naish JH, Miller CA, Revell A, Keshmiri A Abstract Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common type of arrhythmia, which undermines cardiac function. Atrial fibrillation is a multi-facet malady and it may occur as a result of other diseases or it may trigger other problems. One of the main complications of AF is stroke due to the possibility of clot formation inside the atrium. However, the possibility of stroke occurrence due to the AF and the location from which an embolus dispatches are subject of debate. Another hypothesis about the embolus formation during AF is thrombus formation in aorta and carotid arteries, embolus detachment and its movement. To investigate the possibility of the latter postulation, the current work suggests a parametric study to quantify the sensitivity of aortic flow to four common AF traits including lack of atrial kick, atrial remodelling, left ventricle systolic dysfunction, and high frequency fibrillation. The simulation was carried out by coupling several in-house codes and ANSYS-CFX module. The results reveal that AF traits lower flow rate at left ventricular outflow tract, which in general lowers blood perfusion to systemic, cerebral and coronary circulations. Consequently, it leads to endothelial cell activation potential (ECAP) increase and variation of flow structure that bot...
Source: Annals of Biomedical Engineering - Category: Biomedical Engineering Authors: Tags: Ann Biomed Eng Source Type: research

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ConclusionsThis study is the largest European real-world study ever published on NOACs. It includes all Italian patients treated with NOACs since 2013 accounting for about 1/3 of subjects with AF. The enrolled population consisted of very elderly patients, at high risk of ischemic adverse events. The AIFA registries are consolidated tools that guarantee the appropriateness of prescription and provide important information for the governance of National Health System by collecting real-world data.
Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
We present a 42 ‐year‐old male patient with familial transthyretin amyloidosis who suffered an embolic stroke that originated from a left atrial appendage thrombus in the absence of any documented atrial fibrillation. This case highlights atrial mechanical dysfunction in patients with cardiac amyloidosis and th e need to better stratify thrombotic risk in this population with integration of echocardiographic parameters and transesophageal echocardiography.
Source: ESC Heart Failure - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
Purpose of review Atrial fibrillation is one of the most common clinically encountered arrhythmias exhibiting a strong association with a spectrum of cerebral injuries from the occurrence of clinical stroke, subclinical stroke, dementia, and cognitive decline. Dynamic noninvasive specific and sensitive diagnostic tests may allow a personalized approach to the atrial fibrillation patient's treatment based upon quantitative parameters, aiming to prevent or delay stroke, dementia, progressive cognitive decline, or to assess responses to these therapies. This review will explore molecular markers that have been shown to have...
Source: Current Opinion in Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Tags: ARRHYTHMIAS: Edited by Wilber W. Su Source Type: research
This study suggests pharmac ists can contribute to greater outreach of awareness campaigns. Effective communication pathways for inter-professional collaboration were suggested enablers to gain full benefits of EDAF.
Source: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewAtrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia in adults. The number of patients with AF is anticipated to increase annually, mainly due to the aging population alongside improved arrhythmia detection. AF is associated with a significantly elevated risk of hospitalization, stroke, thromboembolism, heart failure, and all-cause mortality. Echocardiography is one of the key components of routine assessment and management of AF. Therefore, the aim of this review is to briefly summarize current knowledge on “novel” echocardiographic parameters that may be of value in the management o...
Source: Current Cardiovascular Imaging Reports - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
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Source: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology : PACE - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: REVIEW Source Type: research
Written by Meyers, edits by SmithA 50-ish year old man was working construction when he suddenly collapsed. Coworkers started CPR within 1 minute of collapse. EMS arrived within 10 minutes and continued CPR and ACLS, noting alternating asystole and sinus bradycardia during rhythm checks. He received various ACLS medications and arrived at the ED with a perfusing rhythm.Initial vitals included heart rate around 100 bpm and BP 174/96. Here is his initial ECG, very soon after ROSC:What do you think?Sinus tachycardia.  There is incomplete RBBB (QRS duration less than 120 ms).  There is diffuse STD, maximal in V4-V5 a...
Source: Dr. Smith's ECG Blog - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: blogs
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Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: POINT OF VIEW Source Type: research
Abstract Atrial fibrillation is the most common cardiac arrhythmia and is associated with an increased risk of stroke and thromboembolic complications. A rhythm control strategy with both electrical and pharmacological cardioversion is recommended for patients with symptomatic atrial fibrillation. Anticoagulant therapy for 3-4 weeks prior to cardioversion is recommended in order to avoid thromboembolic events deriving from restoring sinus rhythm. Transesophageal echocardiography has a pivotal role in this setting, excluding the presence of left atrial appendage thrombus before cardioversion. The aim of this review...
Source: Medicina (Kaunas) - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Medicina (Kaunas) Source Type: research
AbstractAtrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia in clinical practice and its prevalence increases with age. Few data are available about the clinical performance of direct oral anticoagulant (DOACs) in patients aged  ≥ 80 years with AF. The aim of our propensity score matched cohort study was to compare the safety and efficacy of DOACs versus well-controlled VKA therapy among octogenarians with AF in real life setting. Data for this study were sourced from the multicenter prospectively maintained Atrial Fibrillation Research Database (NCT03760874), which includes all AF patients followe...
Source: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
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