A randomized clinical trial of motivational interviewing plus skills training vs. relaxation plus education and 12-Steps for substance using incarcerated youth: effects on alcohol, marijuana and crimes of aggression - Stein LAR, Martin R, Clair-Michaud M, Lebeau R, Hurlbut W, Kahler CW, Monti PM, Rohsenow D.

BACKGROUND: Motivational Interviewing plus Cognitive Behavior Therapy (MI/CBT) has been used to reduce adolescent substance use, but has rarely been applied in youth correctional settings. This trial compared MI/CBT against Relaxation Training plus Substan...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

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Conditions:   Alcohol Use Disorder;   Insomnia;   Sleep Disorder;   Dyssomnias Intervention:   Behavioral: Cognitive behavior therapy Sponsor:   Karolinska Institutet Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
ConclusionsIndividuals with SA may find alcohol positively reinforcing by increasing positive post-event rumination, independent of negative reinforcement effects. Clinical implications are discussed.
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
AbstractThere is a growing body of research aimed at identifying predictors of suicide risk among Veterans. One predictor may be hostility, as hostility and anger are associated with greater suicidal ideation among Veterans. The interpersonal theory of suicide suggests hostility may be associated with suicide risk through perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness. The aim of the current study was to investigate associations among hostility, perceived burdensomeness, thwarted belongingness, and suicide risk among a sample of Veterans enrolled in a clinical trial. Participants (N = 90) completed self-...
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
(Wiley) Newly updated evidence published in the Cochrane Library today compares Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) and clinically-related Twelve-Step Facilitation (TSF) programs with other treatments, such as cognitive behavioural therapy, to see if they help people who suffer from alcohol use disorders achieve sobriety or reduce the amount of alcohol that they consume.
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
Newly updated evidence published in the Cochrane Library today compares Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) and clinically-related Twelve-Step Facilitation (TSF) programs with other treatments, such as cognitive behavioural therapy, to see if they help people who suffer from alcohol use disorders achieve sobriety or reduce the amount of alcohol that they consume.Alcohol use disorder (AUD) is a prevalent, world-wide problem, and in some countries it is accelerating. ‘Alcoholics Anonymous’ (or AA for short) has been a popular treatment for alcohol use disorder for decades, but much debate has persisted on whether AA &ndash...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - Category: Information Technology Authors: Source Type: news
Newly updated evidence published in the Cochrane Library today compares Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) and clinically-related Twelve-Step Facilitation (TSF) programs with other treatments, such as cognitive behavioural therapy, to see if they help people who suffer from alcohol use disorders achieve sobriety or reduce the amount of alcohol that they consume.Alcohol use disorder (AUD) is a prevalent, world-wide problem, and in some countries it is accelerating. ‘Alcoholics Anonymous’ (or AA for short) has been a popular treatment for alcohol use disorder for decades, but much debate has persisted on whether AA &ndash...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - Category: Information Technology Authors: Source Type: news
DISCUSSION: What appears to influence the abstinence rate after inpatient treatment is not only the type of substance consumed but also sociodemographic characteristics. In addition to individually tailored therapy, our results confirm the importance of a highly differentiated presentation of the outcomes of therapy in the specialist literature. An average rate of abstinence (e.g. 30%) is insufficient to evaluate an intervention unless information is also provided about the patients for which the intervention is suitable and those for which it is not. In accordance with the Reproducibility Project, we consider replication ...
Source: L Encephale - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: We included 41 RCTs but were unable to use much data for analyses. There is currently no high-quality evidence to support any one psychosocial treatment over standard care for important outcomes such as remaining in treatment, reduction in substance use or improving mental or global state in people with serious mental illnesses and substance misuse. Furthermore, methodological difficulties exist which hinder pooling and interpreting results. Further high-quality trials are required which address these concerns and improve the evidence in this important area. PMID: 31829430 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: If replicated, long-term PAI predictions could enhance precision medicine by selecting the optimal treatment for a given depressed individual over the long term. PMID: 31753043 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Psychological Medicine - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Psychol Med Source Type: research
ConclusionThis systematic review did not reveal large or sustained intervention effects of psychological interventions for either primary alcohol use or secondary HIV-related outcomes. Due to the methodological heterogeneity, we were unable to undertake a meta-analysis. Effectiveness trials of psychological interventions for AUDs in PLWH that include disaggregation of data by level of alcohol consumption, gender and age are needed. There is a need to standardise alcohol use outcome measures across studies and include objective biomarkers that provide a more accurate measure of alcohol consumption and are relatively free fr...
Source: Systematic Reviews - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
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