Principal component analysis of MALDI-TOF MS of whole-cell foodborne pathogenic bacteria.

In this study, we established a whole-cell method for the identification of foodborne pathogenic bacteria, using MALDI-TOF MS and principal component analysis (PCA), which did not use protein extractions or expensive protein databases. Thirty strains comprising six common foodborne pathogenic bacteria, namely, Shigella flexneri, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella enteritidis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Listeria monocytogenes were analyzed using MALDI-TOF MS. The culture time, matrix, and spotting method were optimized based on peak intensity and deviation. A PCA was performed to analyze the mass spectrometry results of six samples and proved capable of identifying significant changes in those samples. It was found that directly applying MALDI-TOF MS analysis to whole-cell bacteria, without protein extraction, exhibited rich peak contents and a high level of reproducibility. MALDI-TOF MS combined with PCA is a promising method of rapidly identifying pathogens in food products. PMID: 31935357 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Analytical Biochemistry - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Anal Biochem Source Type: research

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A multiplex PCR assay with a common primer for the detection of eleven foodborne pathogens. J Food Sci. 2020 Jan 30;: Authors: Tao J, Liu W, Ding W, Han R, Shen Q, Xia Y, Zhang Y, Sun W Abstract Salmonella enterica, Listeria monocytogenes, Shigella flexneri, Escherichia coli O157:H7, Vibrio parahaemolyticus, Staphylococcus aureus, Vibrio cholerae, Clostridium botulinum type A, Bacillus cereus, Clostridium perfringens Alpha toxin, and Yersinia enterocolitica are 11 common foodborne pathogens. Traditional bacterial culture methods for detecting pathogens are time-consuming and labor-intensive. Mult...
Source: Anal Sci - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: J Food Sci Source Type: research
Publication date: 15 March 2020Source: Journal of Molecular Structure, Volume 1204Author(s): Duygu Åžahin Gül, Hatice Ogutcu, Zeliha HayvalıAbstractTwo different series of crown ether compounds (4-11) were synthesized by the reactions of 4′,5′-bis(bromomethyl)benzo-15-crown-5 (3) and 4′-amino-benzo-15-crown-5 with hydroxycoumarin and chromone derivatives. Coumarin-crown ether compounds (4 and 5) were synthesized by the reactions of 4′,5′-bis(bromomethyl)benzo-15-crown-5 (3) with 4-hydroxycoumarin and 7-hydroxycoumarin. Chromone-crown ether compounds (6-11), were synthesized by the conden...
Source: Journal of Molecular Structure - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
Gulcin Tezcan1, Ekaterina V. Martynova1, Zarema E. Gilazieva1, Alan McIntyre2, Albert A. Rizvanov1 and Svetlana F. Khaiboullina1,3* 1Institute of Fundamental Medicine and Biology, Kazan Federal University, Kazan, Russia 2Centre for Cancer Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom 3Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Nevada, Reno, Reno, NV, United States Inflammation has a crucial role in protection against various pathogens. The inflammasome is an intracellular multiprotein signaling complex that is linked to pathogen sensing and...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusion This study confirms the in vitro antibacterial activity of BIOCITRO® against Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria. For most of the strains, the product reached the bactericidal effect at the same concentration of the bacteriostatic effect and maximum difference between MIC and MBC was two dilution steps. The less susceptible species of the study were S. enterica ssp. enterica and E. coli with MBC90 values of 256 and 128 μg/mL, respectively, while the most susceptible was C. perfringens with MBC90 of 16 μg/mL. After short exposition time to the product, the significant effect over the viability of ...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
François Chassagne1†, Xinyi Huang1†, James T. Lyles1 and Cassandra L. Quave1,2* 1Center for the Study of Human Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, United States 2Department of Dermatology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, United States In the search for new therapeutic solutions to address an increasing number of multidrug-resistant bacterial pathogens, secondary metabolites from plants have proven to be a rich source of antimicrobial compounds. Ginkgo biloba, a tree native to China, has been spread around the world as an ornamental tree. Its seeds have been used as snacks and medical mater...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Discussion Until now, the main tool used for bacterial identification based on NGS of the 16S–23S rRNA encoding region was de novo assembly followed by BLASTN on NCBI database (Sabat et al., 2017), however, there was no evidence that it would be the most accurate and/or fastest method available. The de novo assembly and BLASTN is the only approach of the three that works at the contig level, and both the OTU clustering and mapping are performed at the read level. Using the NCBI database for these two last approaches would have resulted in odd results, since the NCBI database includes sequences that do not belong to ...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
This study might be helpful in understanding the anti-adhesion mechanism of probiotics against pathogens.
Source: Canadian Journal of Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Source Type: research
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Source: Meat Science - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Conclusion: The presence of virulence genes in E. faecalis TA102 calls for careful monitoring of Enterococcus isolates for their safety parameters. PMID: 29238458 [PubMed]
Source: Iranian Journal of Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Tags: Iran J Microbiol Source Type: research
In this study, a heptaplex-direct PCR assay for simultaneous detection of seven foodborne pathogens without DNA extraction and enrichment was developed and validated. Seven virulent genes of target strains were amplified and found that the assay provided the expected PCR fragment of 583, 490, 415, 343, 224, 209, and 105bp for Shigella spp., Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC), Streptococcus pyogenes, Campylobacter jejuni, Salmonella Typhi, Listeria monocytogenes, and Staphylococcus aureus, respectively.
Source: Forensic Science International: Genetics Supplement Series - Category: Forensic Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
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