Gastrointestinal Air Motion Artifact Which Can Be Mistaken for Active Gastrointestinal Bleeding in Multidetector Computed Tomography: Phantom and Clinical Study

Conclusion Knowing the radiologic features of GIAMA can assists radiologists in identifying active gastrointestinal bleeding sites accurately.
Source: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography - Category: Radiology Tags: Abdominal and Whole Body Imaging Source Type: research

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ConclusionsCT angiography imaging findings have the potential to identify patients with head and neck cancer at higher risk of bleeding.
Source: European Journal of Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION About one third of the injuries previously classified as grade III will be upgraded to grade IV using the 2018 AAST, which adds to the heterogeneity of grade IV injuries. Although the 2018 AAST grading provides more anatomic details on injury patterns and includes important radiologic findings, it did not outperform the 1989 AAST grading in predicting bleeding interventions. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE Prognostic and Epidemiological Study, level III.
Source: The Journal of Trauma: Injury, Infection, and Critical Care - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: AAST 2019 PODIUM PAPER Source Type: research
INTRODUCTION Admission computed tomography (CT) is a widely used diagnostic tool for patients with pelvic fractures. In this pilot study, we hypothesized that pelvic hematoma volumes derived using a rapid automated deep learning-based quantitative visualization and measurement algorithm predict interventions and outcomes including (a) need for angioembolization (AE), pelvic packing (PP), or massive transfusion (MT), and (b) in-hospital mortality. METHODS We performed a single-institution retrospective analysis of 253 patients with bleeding pelvic fractures who underwent admission abdominopelvic trauma CT between 2008 ...
Source: The Journal of Trauma: Injury, Infection, and Critical Care - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research
ConclusionPneumorrachis is usually asymptomatic and is self-limiting. It is a radiological diagnosis and is not a clinical diagnosis. CT scan is considered the preferred diagnostic method for reliable and rapid detection of pneumorrachis. In case of coexistence, The physician should be alert to diagnose and treat the underlying cause for related injuries.In such cases, successful results can be obtained with hyper-oxy therapy (100% oxygen inhalation) and antibiotic prophylaxis without the need for surgical treatment.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
To investigate the relationship between computed tomography (CT) angiography and 99mtechnetium-labeled red blood cell (RBC) scintigraphy to catheter angiography (CA) in the management of gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB) from an institutional point of view.
Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology : JVIR - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Scientific e-Poster Source Type: research
To investigate the amount of contrast administered to patients that underwent computed tomography (CT) angiography to catheter angiography (CA), 99mTechnetium-Labeled Red Blood Cell (RBC) Scintigraphy to CA, and CA alone in the setting of gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB), while considering the potential nephrotoxic effects of iodinated contrast.
Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology : JVIR - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Scientific e-Poster Source Type: research
Multidetector computed tomography angiography (CTA) plays an essential role in diagnosis and localization of lower gastrointestinal bleeding (LGIB) through detection of arterial extravasation for subsequent management with transcatheter angiography (TA) and embolization. However, the inability to reproduce arterial extravasation on transcatheter angiography precludes effective and safe embolization for treatment of LGIB. The purpose of this study is to examine whether the time interval (TI) between CTA and transcatheter angiography influences the reproducibility of arterial extravasation on subsequent angiography.
Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology : JVIR - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Scientific Session 40 Source Type: research
ConclusionThe differential diagnosis of neurofibromatosis should be advanced in cases of spontaneous bleeding. In patients diagnosed with neurofibromatosis, the risk of spontaneous bleeding due to the possibility of aneurysmal formation should be considered.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionPatients with reactive pupils and/or mild to moderate GCS may have benefited from TXA in the CRASH-3 trial because they had less intracranial bleeding at baseline. However, because bleeding occurs soon after injury, treatment delay reduces the benefit of TXA.
Source: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The authors report an unusual case of ruptured jejunal GIST with hemoperitoneum mimicking ovarian carcinoma. Therefore, GIST, in addition to ovarian cancer, should be considered in patients with an increased serum level of CA-125 and an abdominopelvic mass. PMID: 32055272 [PubMed]
Source: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology - Category: Pathology Authors: Tags: Int J Clin Exp Pathol Source Type: research
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