Study Finds Women Who Suffer Miscarriage May Have Long-Term Psychological Stress
BOSTON (CBS) – It’s estimated that one in four pregnancies ends in miscarriage, and a new study published in the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology finds that many of those women suffer long-term psychological distress. Researchers in London and Belgium looked at more than 650 women who had experienced early loss, either from miscarriage before 12 weeks or from an ectopic pregnancy, where the embryo grows outside of the uterus. One month later, they found that almost a third of women suffered post-traumatic stress, one in four experienced moderate-to-severe anxiety and about 10-percent had moderate-to-severe depression. Nine months later, many of those women were still experiencing symptoms. Women who experience early loss need to be monitored for psychological distress, but the trend for more couples to speak openly about pregnancy loss is a step in the right direction.
Publication date: Available online 17 September 2020Source: Journal of Anxiety DisordersAuthor(s): Hannah E. Frank, Emily Becker-Haimes, Lara S. Rifkin, Lesley A. Norris, Thomas H. Ollendick, Thomas M. Olino, Hilary E. Kratz, Rinad S. Beidas, Philip C. Kendall
Women, patients younger than 30 years have higher rates of depression
Publication date: Available online 18 September 2020Source: Physiology &BehaviorAuthor(s): Amir Hossien Mehrsafar, Miguel Angel Serrano Rosa, Ali Moghadam Zadeh, Parisa Gazerani
CONCLUSIONS: Since anxiety and hyperactivity were predictors of nomophobia according to the study, adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder or anxiety disorder should be examined for nomophobia as well. Key points Nomophobia levels of internalising and externalising disordered groups did not differ. Internalising group had higher scores in two sub-dimensions of nomophobia. All anxiety and depression symptoms correlated with nomophobia. Hyperactivity and oppositional symptoms correlated with nomophobia. Total anxiety and hyperactivity were predictors of nomophobia. PMID: 32940094 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Yatham LN, Vieta E, McIntyre RS, Jain R, Patel M, Earley W Abstract Introduction: Bipolar disorder is a complex mood disorder characterized by a chronic and subtle course of fluctuating manic/hypomanic and depressive symptoms. Cariprazine, a dopamine D₃-preferring D₃/D₂ receptor partial agonist with serotonin 5-HT1A receptor partial agonist and serotonin 5-HT2A antagonist properties, is approved to treat manic and depressive episodes of bipolar disorder. Post hoc analyses evaluated efficacy across symptoms in bipolar depression. Methods: Pooled data were analyzed from 3 phase 2 or 3, randomized, ...
Around one in six women who experience early pregnancy loss have symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety or depression nine months later
Early pregnancy losses are common, but their psychological sequalae are often overlooked. Previous studies have established links between miscarriage and early symptoms of anxiety and depression. However, the incidence of post-traumatic stress symptoms, and the psychological response specifically to ectopic pregnancies, has not been investigated.
This article presents recommendations of the Polish Psychiatric Association regarding approach to pregnancy loss and unsuccessful in vitro treatment of infertility. From the psychological perspective pregnancy loss and perinatal death are amongst the most stressful events in human life - carrying increased risk of developing affective, anxiety or post-traumatic stress disorders. Psychologists, physicians and the rest of the medical staff should provide integrated and individualized care which should be based on respect, empathy and expertise. The necessary phases of support for women experiencing pregnancy loss are: (1) ph...
Recent research published in the November 2017 issue of Brain, Behavior, and Immunity suggests that a woman’s immune response in the brain may decrease during pregnancy and the postpartum period. These findings, discussed by the Brain and Behavior Research Foundation, might help to establish a connection between the brain’s immune function and the anxiety and mood disorders that are common throughout pregnancy and the postpartum period. Previous research has shown that during pregnancy, the response of the body’s peripheral immune system (the part of our protective system that does not protect the brain)...
Conclusions We have shown a large number of women having experienced a miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy fulfil the diagnostic criteria for probable PTSD. Many suffer from moderate-to-severe anxiety, and a lesser number depression. Psychological morbidity, and in particular PTSD symptoms, persists at least 3 months following pregnancy loss.