Alterations of Bone Metabolism in Patients with Diabetes Mellitus.
Conclusion: In some cases, bone remodeling markers are useful for improving the assessment of the state of bone tissue in early stages of diabetes, while alterations in bone microarchitecture may not always be captured by bone mineral density measurements. PMID: 31933638 [PubMed]
ConclusionThe prevalence of osteoporosis and osteopenia in patients with T2DM is high. Female gender, increasing age, normal BMI, low serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D, and pioglitazone use further increase the risk of osteoporosis.
Conclusions: This study suggested that lower BMD and increased loss rate of BMD were associated with a higher risk of carotid calcification plaques in Chinese postmenopausal women. PMID: 31612731 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusions: A significant number of TI patients have high LIC, short stature and endocrine disorders. Patients who require occasional transfusions have more liver iron overload and higher hepatic dysfunction. Females appear to attain better final adult height and have higher IGF1- SDS versus males. Our data emphasize the need for long term surveillance for identification of organ-specific risk factors and early disease manifestations.We also recommend a close monitoring of endocrine and other complications, according to the international guidelines.
Abstract BACKGROUND AND PURPOSES: Osteoporosis and osteopenia are multifactorial diseases characterized by low bone mineral density (BMD) and are susceptible to genetic and environmental risk factors. The macrophage erythroblast attacher (MAEA) was discovered as a protein to mediate the attachment of erythroid cells to macrophages and is essential for bone marrow hematopoiesis. MAEA is expressed in a wide range of cells and tissues including osteoblasts and osteoclasts. Recent studies have shown that a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs6815464 (C/G) in the MAEA gene increases the susceptibility of type 2 diab...
Conclusions: Low bone mass and deteriorated TBS were noted in approximately two-thirds of T2DM women and was also associated with vertebral fracture. In addition to aging, poor glycemic control may play an important role in bone remodeling, which may be associated with changes in bone strength in T2DM women. Bone strength together with clinical risk factors has the strongest association with fracture, and may potentially be useful to identify women with T2DM at risk.
Conclusion: TAO is common among Thai thalassemia patients. We observed high prevalence of suboptimal vitamin D level in these patients. Male sex, high disease severity (low hemoglobin level and high serum NTBI) and secondary endocrinopathies may predict TAO and fractures.DisclosuresNo relevant conflicts of interest to declare.
AbstractSummarySome antihyperglycemic medications have been found to affect bone metabolism. We assessed the long-term effects of metformin compared with placebo on bone mineral density (BMD) and trabecular bone score (TBS) in patients with type 2 diabetes. Metformin had no significant effect on BMD in the spine and hip or TBS compared with a placebo.IntroductionPatients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have an increased risk of fractures despite a high bone mass. Some antihyperglycemic medications have been found to affect bone metabolism. We assessed the long-term effects of metformin compared with placebo on bone mi...
ConclusionData on more detailed musculoskeletal health outcomes are required in Indigenous Australians to better understand fracture risk and to formulate evidence-based strategies for fracture prevention and to minimise the risk of falls.
AbstractAccumulating evidence has demonstrated that serum uric acid (UA), a natural powerful antioxidant, plays a beneficial role in bone health in the general population. However, few reports are available on the association between serum UA and bone in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). We therefore investigated whether the benefit of serum UA for bone health was still present in those patients. 626 males and 609 postmenopausal females with T2DM were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. Serum UA concentrations and bone mineral density (BMD) measured at lumbar spine, femoral neck and total hip by dual-energ...
ConclusionsVitamin D3 supplementation alone may be beneficial in males with prediabetes, but confirmatory studies are needed.