Circulating Endocannabinoids and Mortality in Hemodialysis Patients.
CONCLUSIONS: In MHD patients, the circulating levels of ECB ligand, 2-AG, may play an important role in determining body mass and risk of mortality. These observations were unique to 2-AG as similar findings were not obtained with serum AEA. Future studies need to investigate the mechanisms responsible for these associations and examine the modulation of the ECB system as a potential target for therapy in ESRD. PMID: 31935741 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Rangaswamy D, Guddattu V, Webster AC, Borlace M, Boudville N, Clayton P, Badve S, Johnson DW, Sud K Abstract BACKGROUND: Icodextrin is a high molecular weight, starch-derived glucose polymer that is used as an osmotic agent in peritoneal dialysis (PD) to promote ultrafiltration. There has been wide variation in its use across Australia and the rest of the world, but it is unclear whether these differences are due to patient- or centre-related factors. METHODS: Using the Australia and New Zealand Dialysis and Transplant Registry, all adult patients (>18 years) who started PD in Australia between 1 Ja...
Conclusion: The most commonly affected domains were usual activities (79%), pain (76.20%) and anxiety/depression (71.91%). Factors such as age (>65 yrs.), BMI (Underweight and Obese), educational background (Illiterate), Unemployment, domiciliary status (Rural), number of medications (>11) had significant association with EQ–5D index and VAS scores (p–0.000). It was found that QoL was impaired in stage 5D compared to other stages (p–0.000).
Abstract Background: To investigate the association between insulin resistance (IR) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risks among hemodialysis patients. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study between 2013 and 2017, on 384 hemodialysis patients from seven hospital-based-dialysis centers. HOMA-IR is classified according to median value. The CVD risks were defined by the K/DOQI Guidelines. Logistic regression analysis was used. Results: Patients' age was 60.9 ± 11.8, 58.1% men, and 40.3% overweight/obese. The median of HOMA-IR was 5.4, 82.8% high systolic blood pressure, and 85.7% hyperhomocyst...
Distal revascularization and interval ligation (DRIL) is an effective approach to management of hemodialysis access-related ischemia that offers both symptom relief and access salvage. Great saphenous vein (GSV) is the most commonly used conduit. However, the GSV harvest site can be particularly high risk for postoperative wound complications, especially in patients with risk factors such as obesity and diabetes. In addition, if ipsilateral arm vein is available and used as the conduit, a general anesthetic can be avoided.
CONCLUSION: Two-thirds of cinacalcet initiated patients experienced hypocalcaemia with 9% being severe. Hypocalcemia was mostly asymptomatic, transient (with and without targeted intervention to correct it) and not associated with an increase in cardiovascular events or deaths. PMID: 31848883 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
The aim was to evaluate the safety and feasibility of endoscopic superficialisation (ES) in patients with deeply located cephalic veins in well matured arteriovenous fistulae (AVF) and to present functional outcomes.
Publication date: Available online 17 November 2019Source: Pharmacological ResearchAuthor(s): Moein Askarpour, Amir Hadi, Maryam Miraghajani, Michael Symonds, Ali Sheikhi, Ehsan GhaediAbstractDespite preclinical studies demonstrating the efficacy of L-carnitine supplementation for weight management, findings in clinical setting are contradictory. Electronic bibliographical databases were systematically searched up to February 2019 with no limitation in language, including Scopus, PubMed, ISI Web of Science and Cochrane Library. Clinical trials registry platform were also searched. All randomized controlled trials (RCTs) wh...
ConclusionsHemodialysis patients with central obesity, as measured by the A/G ratio, had less favorable plasma lipid profiles and higher levels of inflammation but not an increased risk of ASCVD.
ConclusionConventional HD resulting in substantial plasma volume removal do not alter large artery elastic properties, whereas intrinsic microvascular venular dilator function is markedly impaired, an effect directly associated with the increase in hemoconcentration.
Waist circumference and waist-hip ratio have been shown to predict atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) in the general population, but the association is less clear in patients with CKD. Both anthropometric measures of central obesity are surrogates for underlying fat and are prone to measurement error. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between central obesity determined by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and ASCVD among patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis.