Source parameters of the 1926 and 1927 Jersey earthquakes from historical, instrumental, and macroseismic data

Publication date: Available online 15 January 2020Source: Physics of the Earth and Planetary InteriorsAuthor(s): D. Amorèse, J. Benjumea, M. CaraAbstractEnglish Channel Islands are located off Normandy coast of France within an intraplate area not associated with high seismicity rate and active tectonics. However, in July 1926 a damaging and well-documented earthquake occurred there, followed by a strongly felt event in February 1927. In this paper, we reprocess macroseismic observations, analog seismograms and bulletin data in order to re-appraise the location and magnitude of these two earthquakes. We find that the macroseismic epicentre of the 1926 Jersey earthquake is shifted to the East when compared with the location offshore South of Jersey given in both the French database SisFrance and the recent French catalog FCAT-17. Arrival-times from published data, together with our own onset-time readings, are processed in order to obtain probabilistic hypocentral locations. The maximum-likelihood instrumental epicentre of the 1926 event is located about 15 km East of Jersey Island (49.20°N, 1.82°W). This epicentre is well constrained within a 10 km radius area. The location of the 1927 epicentre is slightly south of Jersey, at a location similar to that of SisFrance, but this latter epicentre is less constrained as fewer observations are available (the Probability Density Function for the 1927 epicentre is relatively “diluted”). Focal depth rema...
Source: Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors - Category: Physics Source Type: research

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