Plasma-derived exosomes contribute to pancreatitis-associated lung injury by triggering NLRP3-dependent pyroptosis in alveolar macrophages

Publication date: Available online 15 January 2020Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Molecular Basis of DiseaseAuthor(s): Xiao-Bo Wu, Hong-Yu Sun, Zhu-Lin Luo, Long Cheng, Xing-Mei Duan, Jian-Dong RenAbstractProgression of acute pancreatitis (AP) into a severe form usually results in a life-threatening condition with multiple organ dysfunction, and in particular acute lung injury (ALI), often contributes to the majority of AP-associated deaths. Increasing evidence has shown that uncontrolled activation of the immune system with rapid production of inflammatory cytokines play a dominant role in this process. As an intracellular inflammatory signaling platform, the NOD-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome, is recently reported to be involved in the pathogenesis of AP progression, however, the relationship between NLRP3 inflammasome activation and AP-associated lung injury remains unclear yet. Here, we show that NLRP3 inflammasome activation and subsequent pyroptosis in alveolar macrophages (AMs) is responsible for the lung injury secondary to AP. In addition, plasma-derived exosomes from AP mice is capable of triggering NLRP3-dependent pyroptosis in AMs. Inhibition of exosome release or uptake in vivo by inhibitors substantially suppresses AMs pyroptosis and thereby alleviates AP-induced pulmonary lesion. Collectively, the current work reveals for the first time the involvement of NLRP3-dependent pyroptosis induced by plasma exosomes in the pathogenesis of AP...
Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) Molecular Basis of Disease - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research

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Source: Acta Gastro-Enterologica Belgica - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Acta Gastroenterol Belg Source Type: research
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Source: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: An Sist Sanit Navar Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of the American College of Surgeons - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: New England Surgical Society Article Source Type: research
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Source: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Source Type: research
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Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
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Source: J Cell Mol Med - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: J Cell Mol Med Source Type: research
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