Rhodiola crenulata Suppresses High Glucose-Induced Matrix Metalloproteinase Expression and Inflammatory Responses by Inhibiting ROS-Related HMGB1-TLR4 Signaling in Endothelial Cells.
Rhodiola crenulata Suppresses High Glucose-Induced Matrix Metalloproteinase Expression and Inflammatory Responses by Inhibiting ROS-Related HMGB1-TLR4 Signaling in Endothelial Cells. Am J Chin Med. 2020 Jan 14;:1-15 Authors: Huang LY, Yen IC, Tsai WC, Lee SY Abstract Rhodiola crenulata, a popular folk medicine for anti-altitude sickness in Tibet, has been shown to have protective effects against high glucose (HG)-induced endothelial cell dysfunction in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). However, its mechanisms of action are unclear. Here, we aimed to examine the effects and the mechanisms of action of Rhodiola crenulata extract (RCE) on matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and inflammatory responses under HG conditions. HUVECs were pretreated with RCE or untreated and then exposed to 33mM glucose medium for 24h. The levels of oxidative stress markers, MMPs, endogenous tissue inhibitors of MMPs (TIMPs), and adhesion molecules were determined. Zymography assays were also carried out. We found that RCE significantly decreased HG-induced increases in reactive oxygen species (ROS) and activation of MAPK and NF-κB pathways. In addition, RCE not only significantly reduced the expression and activities of MMPs but also upregulated TIMP protein levels. Consistently, HG-induced activation of the toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)/myeloid differentiation primary response protein (MyD88) signaling pathway, intracellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), vascula...
Conclusion: Severe acute pancreatitis during pregnancy leads to a high rate of fetal mortality.Gestational trimester, delayed diagnosis, HTG, MOF, gestational diabetes mellitus, and preeclampsia are predictors of fetal loss. Therefore, close monitoring is essential for pregnancies complicated with HTG, diabetes mellitus, and hypertension. PMID: 32249649 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Esteves JV, Yonamine CY, Machado UF PMID: 32250156 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Granick MS, Tran BNN, Alvarez OM Abstract The surgical surgical debridement of wounds has evolved over the past 250 years. At that time, the amputation of extremities was recognized as a life-saving procedure to treat major wounds suffered in combat. This continued until after World War I. As the survival of patients with diabetes and other chronic conditions improved, and as advanced therapies were developed to meet the needs of an increasing number of patients with chronic wounds, debridement became a focal point of surgical wound care. It is now well-established that debridement enhances wound-healing a...
CONCLUSION: Diabetes-specific screening instruments and/or specific screening questions should be used in outpatient routine care for young adults in a standardized manner, especially among young women, and the results should be discussed with the patients to initiate further treatment. PMID: 32252118 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusion These results confirmed that glibenclamide nanosuspension inhaler enhance hypoglycemic effectiveness and reduce adverse effect of glibenclamide, opening up new dosage form in Diabetes mellitus treatment. PMID: 32250179 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Publication date: Available online 7 April 2020Source: Academic PediatricsAuthor(s): Marcela Osorio, Christian A. Koziatek, Mary Pat Gallagher, Jessie Recaii, Meryle Weinstein, Lorna E. Thorpe, Brian Elbel, David C. Lee
Publication date: Available online 6 April 2020Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular DiseasesAuthor(s): Rosa Cannistraci, Simone Mazzetti, Andrea Mortara, Gianluca Perseghin, Stefano Ciardullo
Conclusion: The inflammatory burden possibly plays a less important role in the development of cardiovascular disease in inflammatory bowel disease patients but future larger prospective studies are needed.
We examined 433 Turkish patients with biopsy-proven nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Advanced fibrosis (F ≥ 3) was identified on liver biopsy in 80 cases, whereas 84 patients were current smokers. Logistic regression models were used to evaluate the effect of current smoking on risk for advanced fibrosis, after adjusting for the effects of age, sex, BMI, diabetes, and metabolic syndrome. Results Preliminary analyses revealed the presence of substantial statistical interaction between current smoking and hemoglobin levels (P