A truncating germline mutation of TINF2 in individuals with thyroid cancer or melanoma results in longer telomeres.

CONCLUSIONS: The rare frameshift mutation in the TINF2 gene and the associated longer telomere length suggest that dysregulated telomeres could be a mechanism predisposing to PTC and melanoma. DNA coding variants in shelterin genes are rare. Further studies are required to evaluate the roles of variants in shelterin genes in thyroid cancer and melanoma. PMID: 31928178 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Thyroid : official journal of the American Thyroid Association - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Thyroid Source Type: research

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We report a case of an 83-year-old man with castration-resistant prostate cancer in whom a metastasis to the thyroid cartilage was the only site of relapse.
Source: Clinical Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: Interesting Images Source Type: research
Conditions:   Thyroid;   Renal Cell Carcinoma;   Non Small Cell Lung Cancer;   Small-cell Lung Cancer;   Bladder Cancer;   Melanoma;   Merkel Cell Carcinoma;   Skin Squamous Cell Carcinoma;   Microsatellite Instability High;   Triple Negative Breast Cancer;   Mesothelioma;   Thym ic Cancer;   Cervical Cancer;   Biliary Tract Cancer;   Hepatocellular Carcinoma;   Ovarian Cancer;   Gastric Cancer;   Head ...
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Publication date: Available online 11 December 2019Source: Best Practice &Research Clinical Endocrinology &MetabolismAuthor(s): Giusy Elia, Silvia Martina Ferrari, Maria Rosaria Galdiero, Francesca Ragusa, Sabrina Rosaria Paparo, Ilaria Ruffilli, Gilda Varricchi, Poupak Fallahi, Alessandro AntonelliAbstractAnticancer immunotherapy, in the form of immune checkpoint inhibition (ICI), is a paradigm shift that has transformed the care of patients with different types of solid and hematologic cancers. The most notable improvements have been seen in patients with melanoma, non-small-cell lung, bladder, renal, cervical, u...
Source: Best Practice and Research Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Malignant mesothelioma has become the latest deadly cancer linked directly to the rescue, recovery and cleanup efforts following the 9/11 terrorist attack on New York City in 2001. The long-running threat has come to fruition. Eighteen years after Manhattan was engulfed in the asbestos-laced, toxic cloud of dust — caused primarily by the World Trade Center destruction — the first death from pleural mesothelioma attributed to 9/11 has been recorded. Nick Ursta, 52, from the southwestern part of Pennsylvania, died after a year-long battle with the rare cancer. Ursta, a construction worker and fireman by trade, w...
Source: Asbestos and Mesothelioma News - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Source Type: news
Yicheng Ni Cancer remains a major cause of death globally. Given its relapsing and fatal features, curing cancer seems to be something hardly possible for the majority of patients. In view of the development in cancer therapies, this article summarizes currently available cancer therapeutics and cure potential by cancer type and stage at diagnosis, based on literature and database reviews. Currently common cancer therapeutics include surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, targeted therapy, and immunotherapy. However, treatment with curative intent by these methods are mainly eligible for patients with localized diseas...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Conclusion: Patients chronically treated with lithium need to be screened for hypothyroidism, goiter, and hyperparathyroidism, as the prevalence of these endocrine abnormalities is higher in lithium-treated patients than in the general population. The growth inhibitory effects of lithium in medullary TC, pheochromocytoma/paraganglioma and carcinoid were achieved with supratherapeutic concentrations of lithium thus limiting its translational perspective. Currently available clinical data on the efficacy of lithium in the therapy of endocrine tumors in human is limited and associated with conflicting results.
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Authors: Kamińska-Winciorek G, Cybulska-Stopa B, Lugowska I, Ziobro M, Rutkowski P Abstract The introduction of immunotherapy into the treatment of cancer patients has revolutionised the oncological approach and significantly improved patient survival. The key drugs are immune checkpoint inhibitors (CPIs), whose mechanism of action is to elicit immune response against cancer cell antigens. Three types of CPIs are currently used and approved: an anti-CTLA-4 antibody, ipilimumab; anti-PD-1 antibodies, nivolumab and pembrolizumab; and anti-PD-L1 antibodies: atezolizumab, avelumab and durvalumab. CPIs have been widely...
Source: Advances in Dermatology and Allergology - Category: Dermatology Tags: Postepy Dermatol Alergol Source Type: research
ConclusionsAnaplastic thyroid carcinomas show significantly higher expression of CD1d, a receptor for NKT cells, which are subject of several anticancer therapy studies. These results may offer a novel approach to explore immunotherapeutic treatment options.
Source: Cancer Medicine - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
Authors: Zhang C, Li H, Wang J, Zhang J, Hou X Abstract Malignant melanoma (MM) is the most aggressive form of skin cancer originating from melanocytes with increased proliferative and metastatic ability. Previous studies have revealed that microRNA-338-3p (miR-338-3p) functions as a tumor suppressor in several types of cancer, including cervical cancer, renal cell carcinoma and thyroid cancer. However, the function and mechanism underlying the action of miR-383-3p in MM remain unclear. In the study, aberrant downregulation of miR-338-3p was observed in 60 pairs of MM and adjacent non-tumor tissue using quantitativ...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
AbstractAimsOur aim was to investigate the glucose uptake in cancer patients suffering from different entities, using18F ‐FDG positron emission tomography–computed tomography scans. We further aimed at identifying potential variables altering cardiac and skeletal muscle glucose metabolism.Methods and resultsIn a retrospective cohort study, we analysed cardiac and skeletal muscle18F ‐FDG uptake in onco‐positron emission tomography–computed tomography scans in adult patients suffering from Hodgkin's lymphoma, non‐Hodgkin's lymphoma, and non‐lymphatic cancer including patients suffering from thyroid canc...
Source: ESC Heart Failure - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research
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