Lifetime Syphilis Prevalence and Associated Risk Factors Among Female Prisoners in Brazil

The objectives of this study were to measure the lifetime prevalence of syphilis and sociodemographic and behavior correlates of antibody positivity among female prisoners in Brazil. Methods We conducted a cross-sectional survey of 1327 incarcerated women in 2014 to 2015 sampled through a multistage cluster design to represent the penitentiary system throughout Brazil. A rapid treponemal antibody test approved by the Ministry of Health (Rapid Test DPP Sífilis Bio-Manguinhos) was used to detect lifetime history of infection. Analyses were adjusted using weights based on the inverse of the product of the probabilities of the sampling units at each stage of the design. Variables significantly associated with syphilis infection at P
Source: Sexually Transmitted Diseases - Category: Sexual Medicine Tags: Original Studies Source Type: research

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Conclusions: This municipality needs to reach mothers with lower socioeconomic status, restructure the local health services, and enhance their operationalization to improve the quality of prenatal care.
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
AbstractSyphilis is a sexually transmitted bacterial disease relevant to pregnancy because it has the potential to cause congenital syphilis if it occurs at any time during pregnancy. An upsurge in cases of syphilis in women and hence congenital syphilis has been reported worldwide recently. 40% of cases can result in spontaneous miscarriages, stillbirth, non-immune hydrops, fetal growth restriction and perinatal death, as well as serious sequelae in liveborn infected children. Pregnancy complications can be avoided by early detection and treatment in the antenatal period. All antenatal women should be screened for syphili...
Source: Journal of Fetal Medicine - Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Source Type: research
In this study, we determined and examined the association between 2 recently developed county-level SCIs (ie, Penn State Social Capital Index [PSSCI] vs United States Congress Social Capital Index [USCSCI]) and the 3 most commonly reported bacterial STIs (chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis) using spatial and nonspatial regression techniques. Methods We assembled and analyzed multiyear (2012–2016) cross-sectional data on STIs and 2 SCIs (PSSCI vs USCSCI) on counties in all 48 contiguous states. We explored 2 nonspatial regression models (univariate and multiple generalized linear models) and 3 spatial regression mo...
Source: Sexually Transmitted Diseases - Category: Sexual Medicine Tags: Original Studies Source Type: research
Conclusions Results of this detection-based P4P pilot study demonstrate the feasibility and preliminary effectiveness of this approach for improving syphilis case detection in resource-constrained clinical settings. A fully powered randomized trial is needed to inform the full utility of this approach for improving sexually transmitted disease detection globally.
Source: Sexually Transmitted Diseases - Category: Sexual Medicine Tags: Original Studies Source Type: research
An STI is diagnosed every 70 seconds and rates of syphilis at highest levels since second world war Related items fromOnMedica JCVI recommends universal HPV vaccination Funding cuts leave contraceptive services in jeopardy NHS England strips Capita of cervical screening contract Boys will receive HPV vaccine Promise to end new HIV transmissions in England by 2030
Source: OnMedica Latest News - Category: UK Health Source Type: news
ConclusionChemiluminescence immunoassays and T pallidum automated enzyme-linked immunoassays are useful in the diagnosis of early syphilis, and we believe that they should be adopted as screening tools given their diagnostic sensitivity, speed, and low cost.ResumenIntroducciónLa sífilis es una infección de transmisión sexual (ITS) producida por el treponema pallidum subespecie pallidum, bacteria difícil de cultivar por lo que se requieren técnicas serológicas para su diagnóstico. La aparición de nuevas pruebas treponémicas (PT) automatizadas ha supuesto ...
Source: Actas Dermo-Sifiliograficas - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
Conclusion: An upward trend of HIV and a downward trend of HCV were observed among MMWs in Chongqing from 2010 to 2018. We also found an increase in commercial sex and inadequate condom use during high-risk behaviors among this population. The overall syphilis prevalence in the middle-aged and elderly groups was higher than in the young group, and elderly MMWs were more likely to engage in unprotected high-risk behaviors. Thus, targeted STI prevention for MMWs in Chongqing, especially those aged 50 years and above, is urgently needed.
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
ConclusionsOne-third of local health departments reported no safety-net sexually transmitted disease services or were not aware of the services, and availability of specific services varied. Without an expansion of resources, local health departments might explore collaborations with healthcare systems and innovations in testing to expand sexually transmitted disease services.
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
ConclusionAt screening, rectal colonization with Mollicutes was common in our patients, but rarely caused symptoms. Due to rising antibiotic resistance ofM. genitalium against quinolones, therapeutic options are increasingly limited. Treatment should be guided by antibiotic resistance testing including quinolones. In persisting anorectal symptoms,M. hominis andUreaplasma spec. should also be taken into account.
Source: Infection - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
(Natural News) According to the World Health Organization (WHO), more than one million cases of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are contracted every day, with chlamydia, gonorrhea, trichomoniasis and syphilis infections being the most worrisome. The WHO report, based on 2016 global data, showed that there were 156 million new cases of trichomoniasis, 127 million cases of...
Source: - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
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