Prevalence and Management of Hypokalemia in Peritoneal Dialysis Patients in Qatar.

Prevalence and Management of Hypokalemia in Peritoneal Dialysis Patients in Qatar. Int J Nephrol. 2019;2019:1875358 Authors: Hamad A, Hussain ME, Elsanousi S, Ahmed H, Navalta L, Lonappan V, Alali F Abstract Introduction: Hypokalemia is common in patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD). It is associated with increased cardiovascular and all-cause mortality. Treatment usually includes oral potassium supplements, which are poorly tolerated. Our aim was to evaluate the prevalence of hypokalemia in PD patients in Qatar and to improve treatment measures. Methods: All PD patients in Qatar with persistent hypokalemia and on potassium supplement were included. We performed a root cause analysis, and a management pathway was created. We collected data before (Period 1) and after (Period 2) implementation of the new pathway. Results: A total of 143 patients with a mean age of 54 years (range 21-82 years) were included in the study. Initial results of Period 1 showed hypokalemia in 48 patients (34%); of these, 14 (29%) had hypomagnesemia. Hypokalemia resolved in 10 of the patients after correction of their hypomagnesemia. The remaining 4 patients continued to require potassium supplementation despite correction of their hypomagnesemia. We started spironolactone (25 mg daily) in 13 of the hypokalemia patients. After 3 months, their mean serum potassium level improved from 3.2 ± 0.3 mmol/L to 3.9 ± 0...
Source: International Journal of Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Int J Nephrol Source Type: research

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More News: Cardiology | Cardiovascular | Dialysis | Gynecomastia | Heart | Middle East Health | Peritoneal Dialysis | Potassium | Qatar Health | Spironolactone | Statistics | Study | Urology & Nephrology