Comparison of Functional Patient-Reported Outcomes 5 Years After Treatments for Localized Prostate Cancer

This cohort study compares functional outcomes, including sexual and bowel function and urinary incontinence, associated with active surveillance, surgery, or radiation therapy 5 years after treatment.
Source: JAMA - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: CCIC is an effective means of treating refractory bladder neck contractures and/or urinary incontinence. While morbidity rates are high, subjective patient satisfaction is high. PMID: 32065865 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Canadian Journal of Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Can J Urol Source Type: research
Decisions about follow-up care after prostate cancer surgery sometimes involve a basic choice. If the cancer had features that predict it could return, doctors will likely recommend radiation therapy. But when should a man get that treatment? Should he get the radiation right away, even if there’s no evidence of cancer in the body (this is called adjuvant radiation)? Or should he opt for “salvage” radiation, which is given only if his blood levels of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) begin to climb? Since prostate cancer cells release PSA, the levels should be nondetectable after surgery. If they increase, ...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health Living With Prostate Cancer Treatments HPK Source Type: blogs
Conclusions: Higher dose volumes for the bladder and rectum predicted for poorer PR-QOL. In contrast to prostate brachytherapy data, neither prostate volume nor urethral dosimetry at this dose schedule correlated with urinary symptoms.
Source: American Journal of Clinical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Original Articles: Genitourinary Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewTo describe the epidemiology, pathogenesis, and management of vesicourethral anastomotic stenosis after prostate cancer treatment.Recent FindingsInjectable scar modulating agents administered at the time of direct visual internal urethrotomy of vesicourethral anastomotic stenoses have been shown to improve endoscopic treatment outcomes. Trials are ongoing to find the optimal agent and delivery system. Novel tissue engineering techniques are in development and hold promise.SummaryVesicourethral anastomotic stenosis after the treatment of prostate cancer is a challenging complication for patients and...
Source: Current Bladder Dysfunction Reports - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: There was no impact of timing between RP and RT on urinary, bowel, and erectile adverse events related to RT. Thus, our RTOG 9601 post hoc analysis challenges the current belief that early postsurgical RT compromises functional outcomes more than late RT and support additional research to evaluate the perceived benefit in terms of adverse effects by prolonging the time between RP and RT. PMID: 31653564 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Urologic Oncology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Urol Oncol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Higher dose volumes for the bladder and rectum predicted for poorer PR-QOL. In contrast to prostate brachytherapy data, neither prostate volume nor urethral dosimetry at this dose schedule correlated with urinary symptoms. PMID: 31584457 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical Prostate Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Am J Clin Oncol Source Type: research
A, Sancho Pardo G, Zapatero A, Álvaro PC Abstract BACKGROUND: Brachytherapy (BT) is widely used for salvage therapy in patients with biochemical failure (BF) after radiotherapy for prostate cancer (PCa). Although low-dose-rate (LDR) and high-dose-rate (HDR) BT are both used for salvage therapy, it is not clear whether there are any differences between these two approaches in terms of efficacy or toxicity in this setting. Therefore, we review the institutional experience of the members of the Urological Tumour Working Group (URONCOR) of the Spanish Society of Radiation Oncology (SEOR) to compare these two te...
Source: Radiotherapy and Oncology : journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Radiother Oncol Source Type: research
Medical device companies attempting to market a new treatment in the U.S. often make the erroneous assumption that winning FDA approval is the final destination, and success is theirs. In fact, going through the regulatory process is only the halfway point. The grueling path from FDA approval to reimbursement is like a treacherous walk through Death Valley and many companies don’t make it through. In this case study, I discuss the trials and triumphs of bringing robotic high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU), a non-invasive procedure for localized prostate cancer, to the U.S.&Aci...
Source: MDDI - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Regulatory and Compliance Business Source Type: news
CONCLUSION: Hemiablation HIFU is an alternative to whole gland therapy in patients with unilateral radio- recurrent prostate cancer, which offers limited urinary and rectal morbidity, and preserves functional outcomes. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 3. PMID: 31400963 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Progres en Urologie - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Prog Urol Source Type: research
ConclusionsAlthough modestly increased as compared with non-TURP patients, GU toxicities remains low with SBRT in post-TURP patients. SBRT can be safely performed in carefully selected post-TURP prostate cancer patients.
Source: Practical Radiation Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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