Comparing diabetic and nondiabetic emphysematous pyelonephritis and evaluating predictors of mortality.

Comparing diabetic and nondiabetic emphysematous pyelonephritis and evaluating predictors of mortality. Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl. 2019 Nov-Dec;30(6):1266-1275 Authors: Kamath SU, Patil B, Shelke U, Patwardhan SK Abstract Mortality among patients with emphysematous pyelonephritis (EPN) has reduced from 78% to 21%, yet it is one of the most serious urologic emergencies. This prospective observational study aims to study and compare clinical profile, management, and outcomes in diabetic and nondiabetic patients with EPN. All patients of EPN admitted to emergency medical services were included in the study. Patients were grouped into diabetic and nondiabetic EPN, and the eventual predictors of mortality were assessed. The mean age of patients was 55.43 years, with 36 (65.7%) female patients. Mortality was found to be 18.86%. On univariate analysis, the factors significantly associated with mortality include dyspnea at presentation, altered consciousness, blood pressure
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

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We present an up-to-date systematic review of the current literature regarding the safety in artificial and natural sweeteners use as a means of weight loss or diabetes control.Expert opinion: Natural sweeteners have not been associated directly with NAFLD, and on the contrary, some, such as stevia, and trehalose, may have a protective effect. Rare sugars and polyols can be used safely and have significant benefits that include anti-oxidant effect and optimal glycemic control. Artificial sweeteners, due to their effect on NAFLD development and insulin resistance, are not indicated in patients with obesity or diabetes. Furt...
Source: Expert Review of Endocrinology and Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Expert Rev Endocrinol Metab Source Type: research
Conclusion: Serum GGT level was a significant predictor of subsequent risk of diabetes mellitus, which increased by 4% for every 1 IU/L increase in GGT when GGT was less than 24 IU/L. PMID: 32215009 [PubMed]
Source: International Journal of Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Int J Endocrinol Source Type: research
In this study, we aimed to evaluate the influence of insulin production on immune system after the onset of diabetes, and we showed that the duration of honeymoon period could be related to the onset of other autoimmune conditions. For this retrospective study, 159 children aged between 11 and 18 years with type 1 DM were eligible. They have been diagnosed diabetes at least 10 years ago and use exogenous insulin. Our results showed that younger age at the onset of Type 1 DM in children, predicts Celiac Disease. Female sex and low HCO3 levels at the onset of DM had a high predictive value on patients who did not experience ...
Source: International Journal of Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Int J Endocrinol Source Type: research
In conclusion, the decreased numbers of VZV-specific CD8+T-cells during the acute phase and VZV-specific CD4+T-cells during the convalescent phase of disease may account for severe varicella in immunocompromised children. PMID: 32213753 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Tohoku J Exp Med Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 27 March 2020Source: Molecular MetabolismAuthor(s): Lucia Russo, Lindsey Muir, Lynn Geletka, Jennifer Delproposto, Nicki Baker, Carmen Flesher, Robert O’Rourke, Carey N. Lumeng
Source: Molecular Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 27 March 2020Source: Diabetes &Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research &ReviewsAuthor(s): Roberto Laza-Cagigas, Shirley Chan, Daniel Sumner, Tarannum Rampal
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Publication date: March–April 2020Source: Diabetes &Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research &Reviews, Volume 14, Issue 2Author(s):
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Authors: Wang LP, Geng JN, Sun B, Sun CB, Shi Y, Yu XY Abstract Purpose: The current study aims to examine the effects of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) on the microRNA (miRNA) expression profile in the kidney tissues of rats. Methods: Wistar rats were randomly divided into three equal experiment groups: the AGE group, the RSA group, and the control group. The rats in the AGE group and the RSA group were administered with advanced glycation end products (AGEs) and rat serum albumin (RSA) via the tail vein, respectively, whereas the control group received PBS. Total RNA was prepared from the rat kidney t...
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
Abstract PURPOSE: Patients with diabetes are vulnerable to myocardial I/R (ischaemia/reperfusion) injury, but are not responsive to IPO (ischaemic post-conditioning). We hypothesized that decreased cardiac Adiponectin (APN) is responsible for the loss of diabetic heart sensitivity to IPO cardioprotecton. METHODS: Diabetic rats were subjected to I/R injury (30 min of LAD occlusion followed by 120 min of reperfusion). Myocardial infarct area was determined by TTC staining. Cardiac function was monitored by a microcatheter. ANP, 15-F2t-isoprostane, nitrotyrosine and MDA were measured by assay kits. Levels of p-A...
Source: Acta Cirurgica Brasileira - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Acta Cir Bras Source Type: research
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Source: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology - Category: Pathology Authors: Tags: Int J Clin Exp Pathol Source Type: research
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