Auricular Acupuncture Associated with Reduced Waist Circumference in Overweight Women-A Randomized Controlled Trial.

This study aimed to provide clarity about the impact of AA on weight loss via a randomized controlled trial. Data were collected from patients to identify measurable girth reduction, weight loss, dietary choices, and mood changes over seven weekly sessions of AA (n = 30) versus sham needle as control (n = 28). Results demonstrated a large and highly significant AA treatment effect for reduced waist circumference over the course of the seven-week intervention. While the treatment effect for weight loss and BMI was not significant, this negative result may have been mediated by the relatively short duration of the study. Results also demonstrated a significant mood improvement across participants in both the AA intervention and control group as the intervention progressed. Further studies are required to determine if the reduction in waist circumference is driven specifically by the AA alone or in conjunction with improved mood. The results also have potentially significant implications for healthcare delivery in the fight against overweight and obesity. PMID: 31929817 [PubMed]
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: Based on these results, 8.1% of Mexican general population without a history of liver disease is at high risk of having advanced liver fibrosis and complications and death derived from cardiovascular disease and cirrhosis. Most of them showed normal ALT serum levels. PMID: 32063504 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Annals of Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Ann Hepatol Source Type: research
Authors: Grgurevic I, Podrug K, Mikolasevic I, Kukla M, Madir A, Tsochatzis EA Abstract Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is becoming the most prevalent liver disease worldwide, associated with epidemics of overweight and resulting metabolic syndrome (MetS). Around 20-30% of patients with NAFLD develop progressive liver fibrosis, which is the most important predictor of liver-related and overall morbidity and mortality. In contrast to classical understanding, no significant association has been demonstrated between the inflammatory component of NAFLD, i.e., nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), and the advers...
Source: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Can J Gastroenterol Hepatol Source Type: research
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common liver disease with a worldwide prevalence of 25%. In the US, NAFLD and its subtype, nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), affect 30% and 5% of the population, respectively. Considering the ongoing obesity epidemic beginning in childhood, the rise in Diabetes and other factors, the prevalence of NAFLD along with the proportion of those with advanced liver disease is projected to continue to increase. This will have an important impact on public health reflected in healthcare costs, including impact on the need for liver transplantation, for which NASH is already clo...
Source: Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Source Type: research
Purpose of review As the obesity epidemic continues, there is a greater proportion of patients with overweight, obesity, and other forms of adiposity-based chronic disease that require intensive care. Nutrition therapy in the ICU is a vital part of critical care but can be challenging in this setting because of the increased risk of stress hyperglycemia and adverse impact of obesity- and diabetes-related complications. Recent findings Current guidelines favor early nutritional therapy with a hypocaloric, high-protein diet in patients with overweight/obesity. More aggressive protein intake may be useful in those with g...
Source: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care - Category: Nutrition Tags: NUTRITION AND THE INTENSIVE CARE UNIT: Edited by Peter J.M. Weijs and Stephen A. McClave Source Type: research
Scientists believe the obesity epidemic may be to blame for girls starting puberty earlier because being overweight skews hormones, researchers from the University of Copenhagen found.
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
AbstractBackgroundObesity is a worldwide epidemic leading to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Alterations in the liver fat fraction (LFF) assessed by MRI following bariatric surgery is a promising feature; however, few studies have been fully elucidated.PurposeTo determine the alterations in the LFF features following surgery using MRI, to determine the correlation with the clinical non-alcoholic steatohepatitis score (C-NASH score), and to identify the predictive factors for postoperative score changes.MethodsPatients (n = 69) underwent MRI to measure the LFF at baseline and 3 months postoperatively. ...
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 8 February 2020Source: Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Michael W. Long, Melissa R. Weber, Marjorie J. Allan, Yan Ma, Yichen Jin, Annette Aldous, Ari J. Elliot, Heidi BurkeAbstractBroader adoption of effective school-based obesity prevention interventions is critical to the success of ongoing efforts to address the childhood obesity epidemic. School-level barriers to adopting evidence-based interventions may be overcome by empowering school-level leaders to select appropriate intervention components. We used a quasi-experimental pragmatic trial design to evaluate a tailored obesity preventio...
Source: Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
We present evidence to support our contention that important elements of New Zealand's dietary guidelines have been established without due consideration of the entirety of the evidence, including that which is updated, recent or evolutionarily. Given the epidemics of dental caries and metabolic disease are ongoing public health challenges in New Zealand and share common dietary causes, guidelines for healthy eating should limit refined sugar- and starch-containing foods and encourage intake of full-fat dairy items. PMID: 32027640 [PubMed - in process]
Source: New Zealand Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: N Z Med J Source Type: research
If you were to sum up the overall health of a nation in one single number, what would that be? At the top of the list, you would likely find average life expectancy — the total number of years, on average, that a person in a country can expect to live. Wars, famine, and economic crises are expected to lower life expectancy. Breakthroughs in science, strong economies, and behaviors like eating a healthy diet, exercising, and avoiding tobacco typically raise average life expectancy. An amazing rise, a surprising fall Between 1959 and 2014, the United States experienced an unprecedented increase in life expectancy, whic...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Addiction Health Health care disparities Men's Health Women's Health Source Type: blogs
Authors: Serradilla Martín M, Oliver Guillén JR, Palomares Cano A, Ramia Ángel JM Abstract The term "metabolic syndrome" refers to a group of alterations comprising central obesity reduced high-density lipoprotein cholesterol concentrations, elevated triglyceride concentrations, arterial hypertension, and hyperglycemia. This syndrome has established itself as one of the epidemics of the 21st century. Among its causative agents are insulin resistance, leptin and adiponectin, changes in microbiota, and epigenetics. Its incidence in the European population is estimated to be around 25%. ...
Source: Revista Espanola de Enfermedades Digestivas - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Rev Esp Enferm Dig Source Type: research
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