Angola: Suicide Rate Increases in Cunene

[ANGOP] Ondjiva -At least 64 cases of suicide were recorded in 2019 in the southern Cunene province representing an additional 34 cases in relation to 2018 (30), being mostly by hangings, drug intake, poisoning and use of firearms.
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news

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BACKGROUND: After years of decline in mortality rates in the United States, there have been increases in mortality rates in White non-Hispanic Americans ages 45-54, due to increases in deaths from suicide, poisoning, and alcoholic liver disease. OB...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
Abstract Paraquat (PQ) is a fast-acting and effective herbicide that is used throughout the world to eliminate weeds. Over the past years, PQ was considered one of the most popular poisoning substances for suicide, and PQ poisoning accounts for about one-third of suicides around the world. Poisoning with PQ may cause multiorgan failure, pulmonary fibrosis, and ultimately death. Exposure to PQ results in the accumulation of PQ in the lungs, causing severe damage and, eventually, fibrosis. Until now, no effective antidote has been found to treat poisoning with PQ. In general, the toxicity of PQ is due to the formati...
Source: Toxicology - Category: Toxicology Authors: Tags: Toxicology Source Type: research
Acute aluminium phosphide (ALP) poisoning is an extremely lethal poisoning. Ingestion is usually suicidal in intent, uncommonly accidental and rarely homicidal. Unfortunately, the absence of a specific antidote results in very high mortality and the key to...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Poisoning Source Type: news
In this study performed over 8 years (2009–2016), 394 suicides occurred. It was found that decedents committed suicide mostly by hanging (31.2%), firearms (20.3%), or drug intoxication (15.7%). The average age was 44.5 years. Similar to national statistics, male individuals committed suicide at a higher rate (77.9%) than did female individuals (22.1%). The toxicology data showed that ethanol (26.4%), antidepressants (20.1%), opioids (14.9%), and benzodiazepines (12.9%) were the drugs most frequently involved, although the finding of no drugs was most common (33.7%). Ethanol was present in 5 methods of suicide that in...
Source: The American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology - Category: Forensic Medicine Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
As suicide attempts pose major risk for future suicide death, understanding the underlying factors of suicide attempts and suicidal behaviour is an important mental health imperative. The aim of this study was to examine suicide attempts with a special foc...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Poisoning Source Type: news
Self-poisoning accounts for a significant number of attendances to acute services. It can occur at any age. The reasons that lead someone to self-poison are variable and individual. It is often a manifestation of distress. Women are more likely to present, or die, after overdose than men, although men are more likely to die by suicide overall. Self-harm, including self-poisoning, is a strong risk factor and antecedent to suicide. Psychosocial assessment offers an important opportunity to intervene.
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Tags: General aspects of poisoning Source Type: research
Accidental poisoning is most common in children, but deliberate self-harm becomes predominant in teenagers and early adulthood. The epidemiology of poisoning can be studied using mortality data, hospital admission rates and enquiries to poisons information services. Effective strategies for preventing suicide and reducing the risk of accidental poisoning require an understanding of the epidemiology of poisoning.
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Tags: General aspects of poisoning Source Type: research
Youth suicide rates are higher in U.S. counties with elevated poverty rates, according to astudy published today inJAMA Pediatrics. The association between suicide and county-level poverty was particularly prominent for suicides by firearms.“As pediatric suicide rates in the United States continue to increase, understanding of the upstream contributors to pediatric suicide, including poverty-related factors, appears to be needed so that suicide prevention efforts can focus on the youths at highest risk,” wrote Jennifer Hoffmann, M. D., of the Ann&Robert H. Lurie Children ’s Hospital of Chicago and col...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: adolescent risk for suicide child and adolescent psychiatry counties firearm deaths firearm suicides JAMA Pediatrics poisoning poverty suffocation Source Type: research
ConclusionLack of knowledge regarding the causes of death and careless attitude towards the suicidal behavior and, the health and welfare of detainees are avoidable reasons for custody-related deaths.
Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine - Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Older-aged patients treated for deliberate self-poisoning have a range of clinical needs including ones that are both similar to and different from middle-aged patients. Individual clinical assessment to identify these needs should be followed by targeted interventions, including reduced exposure to benzodiazepines. PMID: 31957465 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Aust N Z J Psychiatry Source Type: research
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