A double-blind placebo-controlled trial of azithromycin to reduce mortality and improve growth in high-risk young children with non-bloody diarrhoea in low resource settings: the Antibiotics for Children with Diarrhoea (ABCD) trial protocol
DiscussionExpanding the treatment of acute watery diarrhoea in high-risk children to include an antibiotic may offer an opportunity to reduce deaths. These benefits may result from direct antimicrobial effects on pathogens or other incompletely understood mechanisms including improved nutrition, alterations in immune responsiveness or improved enteric function. The expansion of indications for antibiotic use raises concerns about the emergence of antimicrobial resistance both within treated children and the communities in which they live. ABCD will monitor antimicrobial resistance. The ABCD trial has important policy implications. If the trial shows significant benefits of azithromycin use, this may provide evidence to support reconsideration of antibiotic indications in the present World Health Organization diarrhoea management guidelines. Conversely, if there is no evidence of benefit, these results will support the current avoidance of antibiotics except in dysentery or cholera, thereby avoiding inappropriate use of antibiotics and reaffirming the current guidelines.Trial registrationClinicaltrials.gov,NCT03130114. Registered on April 26 2017.
CONCLUSION: Prevalence of antibiotic use was high not only versus other hospitals in the region but globally including Africa, coupled with significant evidence of sub-optimal prescribing. Swift action is needed to improve future prescribing to reduce AMR. One or two areas should initially be targeted for quality improvement including development of local guidelines, documentation of antibiotic indications and/or stop/review dates. PMID: 33034234 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Hammerschlag MR, Sharma R Abstract INTRODUCTION: Azithromycin was recommended as the first-line therapeutic regimen for treatment of genital infections in men and women by the Centers for Disease Control in 1998. A series of studies of azithromycin for treatment of rectal chlamydial infection in men who have sex with men (MSM) found that azithromycin was significantly less effective than doxycycline. AREAS COVERED: Literature on treatment of rectal C. trachomatis from 2000 through May 2020 was searched using PubMed. Retrospective and observational studies were identified documenting the frequency and t...
Conclusion: These findings suggest that consumption of peanuts high in oleic acid (D7) may have the potential to delay primary fatty liver symptoms. PMID: 33033472 [PubMed]
This study investigated the factors associated with the nutritional status of school children in a rural municipality in Cebu, Philippines. Children aged 6-12 years (n = 327) and their parents were asked to participate. Children's anthropometric measurements were taken in schools, while interviews and measurements of parents were conducted at home. Children's nutritional status was assessed using height-for-age (HAZ) and weight-for-age (WAZ) z scores, while body mass index (BMI) was used for parents. Children's dietary patterns and physical activity, and household characteristics, such as food insecurity, eating ...
Abstract Competitive and non-competitive batch experiments were conducted on flax fibers to study Zn2+, Cu2+, and Pb2+ ions biosorption performance. Biosorption efficiency was dependent on contact time, pH, and biosorbent concentration. The results under competitive conditions were different from those obtained in non-competitive form. A high affinity of lead, with a selectivity sequence in general of Pb > Cu > Zn was observed. The biosorption data fitted very well the Langmuir model for lead in both types of solutions and for zinc and copper in the monometal form. The fit with the Freund...
Publication date: Available online 10 October 2020Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular DiseasesAuthor(s): Naila Choudhary, Katia Bravo-Jaimes, Carmen Smotherman, Saadia Sherazi, Dale F. Kraemer, Gladys P. Velarde
Publication date: Available online 9 October 2020Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular DiseasesAuthor(s): Vanda Craveiro, Elisabete Ramos, Joana Araújo
Publication date: Available online 9 October 2020Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular DiseasesAuthor(s): Elizabeth Sahagun, Brent B. Bachman, Kimberly P. Kinzig
Publication date: Available online 9 October 2020Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular DiseasesAuthor(s): Guotao Huang, Xiaoliang Guo, Junxia Guo, Peiyong Zhang, Wanqian Liang, Caiyan Bai, Yongchun Zhang
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