Mandatory Vaccination Ups Prevalence of Vaccine Coverage

MONDAY, Jan. 13, 2020 -- Mandatory vaccination is associated with increased vaccination coverage for measles and pertussis as well as reduced measles incidence in Europe, according to a study published online Jan. 13 in Pediatrics. Olivia M. Vaz,...
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

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The objectives of this study were to assess the immunization coverage of children aged 5-6 years and 13-14 years during the 2017-2018 school year, and to identify sociodemographic factors associated with full immunization in these children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional school-based study was carried out. The population under study was a sample of schoolchildren aged 5-6 years and 13-14 years attending the second and 10th grades of primary and middle schools, respectively, located in the canton of Geneva, Switzerland. The data extracted from the vaccination cards included dates of administration...
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research
Background: Iron deficiency may impair adaptive immunity and is common among African infants at time of vaccination. Whether iron deficiency impairs vaccine response and whether iron supplementation improves humoral vaccine response is uncertain.Methods: We performed two studies in southern coastal Kenya. In a birth cohort study, we followed infants to age 18 mo and assessed whether anemia or iron deficiency at time of vaccination predicted vaccine response to three-valent oral polio, diphtheria-tetanus-whole cell pertussis-Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine, ten-valent pneumococcal-conjugate vaccine and measles vaccine...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
The national immunisation programme is highly successful in reducing the incidence of serious and sometimes life-threatening diseases such as pneumococcal and meningococcal infections, whooping cough, diphtheria and measles. It remains important to maintain the best possible vaccine uptake to prevent a resurgence of these infections. This will also prevent increasing further the numbers of patients requiring health services, as well as outbreaks of vaccine-preventable diseases, and allow us to provide important protection to children and other vulnerable groups. Where possible, the routine immunisation programmes should be...
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Abstract National vaccination coverage estimates from household surveys are widely used in monitoring and planning of immunization programs. In Nigeria, survey-reported national coverage estimates have shown large fluctuations in the past few years. In this paper, we examine the impact of state-level survey weighting on Nigeria's national vaccination coverage estimation. In particular, we focus three vaccination-related outcomes among children aged 12-23 months: the coverage of the third dose of diphtheria, pertussis, and tetanus vaccine (DPT3); the coverage of the first dose of measles-containing vaccine (MC...
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research
This study reassuringly suggests that the high rates of HCMV infection in low income settings have little clinically significant impact on antibody and cellular responses to early life vaccines, while confirming the importance of sex stratification in such studies.
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
This week ’s Global Vaccine Summit comes at a crucial point in history. Governments must not miss their chance to save livesCoronavirus – latest updatesSee all our coronavirus coverageGro Harlem Brundtland is former director-general of the World Health OrganizationElizabeth Cousens is president of the UN FoundationGoogle any list of the most successful public health interventions of this century or the last, and vaccines will be at the very top. Infectious diseases such as smallpox, measles, diphtheria and pertussis (whooping cough) were once prevalent and killed indiscriminately. Smallpox is now eradicated, po...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Vaccines and immunisation Coronavirus outbreak Infectious diseases Medical research Science World Health Organization Polio World news Source Type: news
Conditions:   Pneumococcal Immunisation;   Diphtheria Immunisation;   Tetanus Immunisation;   Pertussis Immunisation;   Hepatitis B Immunisation;   Haemophilus Influenzae Type b Immunisation;   Polio Immunisation;   Measles Immunisation;   Rubella Immunisation;   Varicella Immunisation;   Mumps Immunisation Interventions:   Biological: SP0202-IIb Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine formulation 1;   Biological: SP0202-VI Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine formulation 2;   Biological: SP0202...
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Fewer children are getting vaccinated in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and the COVID-19 pandemic is almost certainly going to make matters worse, the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) says. If the trend continues, it could trigger a resurgence in deadly childhood diseases such as polio, chickenpox, measles, yellow fever, hepatitis B, diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough and meningitis.
Source: UN News Centre - Health, Poverty, Food Security - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
Here’s betting you wouldn’t want anyone blowing smallpox scabs up your nose. But you might feel differently if you lived in 15th century China. Long ago, the Chinese recognized that people who had contracted smallpox once were immune to reinfection. They came up with the idea of preserving scabs from individuals who had suffered mild cases, drying them out, crushing them to a powder and blowing them up the nostril. For boys it was the right nostril, for girls it was the left because, well, 15th century. That is how the story of vaccines usually begins, though that version is decidedly incomplete. For one thing,...
Source: TIME: Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Uncategorized COVID-19 Explainer health Source Type: news
This article discusses the causes and consequences of major vaccine controversies, starting with the introduction of the smallpox vaccine to the more recent scandals regarding the DPT, MMR, and tetravalent dengue vaccines. It also discusses the current evidence regarding vaccine-related serious adverse events and analyzes the possible factors that contribute to the anti-vaccine movement, such as the dissemination of false information on social media platforms.Recent findingsThe dissemination of false information and the lack of an effective strategy to engage individual patients, communities, and the anti-vaccine movement ...
Source: Current Treatment Options in Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
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