Porcine models for studying complications and organ crosstalk in diabetes mellitus

This article provides an overview of concepts for the development of porcine models for diabetes and obesity research, with a focus on genetically engineered models. Diabetes-associated ocular, cardiovascular and renal alterations observed in diabetic pig models are summarized and their similarities with complications in diabetic patients are discussed. Systematic multi-organ biobanking of porcine models of diabetes and obesity and molecular profiling of representative tissue samples on different levels, e.g., on the transcriptome, proteome, or metabolome level, is proposed as a strategy for discovering tissue-specific pathomechanisms and their molecular key drivers using systems biology tools. This is exemplified by a recent study providing multi-omics insights into functional changes of the liver in a transgenic pig model for insulin-deficient diabetes mellitus. Collectively, these approaches will provide a better understanding of organ crosstalk in diabetes mellitus and eventually reveal new molecular targets for the prevention, early diagnosis and treatment of diabetes mellitus and its associated complications.
Source: Cell and Tissue Research - Category: Cytology Source Type: research

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Abstract Primary Prevention of Acute Stroke Abstract. Strokes are frequent. Vascular risk factors are increasing the stroke risk. Most vascular risk factors are treatable. Their therapy is important in the primary prevention of stroke. According to the INTERSTROKE study, arterial hypertension, inactivity, overweight, dyslipidemia, smoking, unhealthy diet, cardiac pathologies such as major arrhythmia, diabetes mellitus, stress/depression and overconsumption of alcohol are the most important treatable vascular risk factors. In this article, we will also report on at present less well known treatable vascular risk fa...
Source: Praxis - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Praxis (Bern 1994) Source Type: research
Unhealthy food habits are associated with non-communicable diseases (NCD) [1 –3] and nutritional deficiencies [4]. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) [5], more than half of all deaths were due to ten main causes, with the leading killers being ischaemic heart disease and stroke. Diets characterized by a low intake of fruit and vegetable (FV) and fibre increas e the risk of hypertension, diabetes mellitus (DM), obesity, cardiovascular diseases (CVD), gastrointestinal cancers, nutritional deficiencies, pancreatic diseases, depression and the development of cognitive impairment and dementia [4–7].
Source: Maturitas - Category: Primary Care Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusion: BMI has a nonlinear relationship with 1-year unplanned readmission in patients with myocardial infarction. The 1-year unplanned readmission rate of overweight patients (BMI > 29.3 kg/m2) has increased significantly. Obesity paradox does not exist in terms of readmission of Chinese patients with myocardial infarction after PCI. PMID: 32148951 [PubMed]
Source: Cardiology Research and Practice - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Cardiol Res Pract Source Type: research
mmittee of the Council on Clinical Cardiology; Council on Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology; Council on Cardiovascular and Stroke Nursing; and Council on Lifestyle and Cardiometabolic Health Abstract Atrial fibrillation (AF), the most common sustained cardiac arrhythmia, is associated with substantial morbidity, mortality, and healthcare use. Great strides have been made in stroke prevention and rhythm control strategies, yet reducing the incidence of AF has been slowed by the increasing incidence and prevalence of AF risk factors, including obesity, physical inactivity, sleep apnea, diabetes melli...
Source: Circulation - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Circulation Source Type: research
ConclusionsPatients with CMS were more likely to present with increased comorbidities. Patients with CMS undergoing CABG were at risk for worse short ‐term secondary postoperative outcomes and reduced long‐term survival. The data supports the need for further investigation for risk reduction surrounding operative revascularization.
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
(Natural News) Heart disease and cerebrovascular diseases (e.g., stroke) are the leading causes of death in western countries. These diseases are caused by several factors, such as hypertension, high blood cholesterol, diabetes mellitus, smoking and obesity. However, recent studies have found that there is another unexpected contributor to the development of atherosclerosis and atherothrombosis (blood clot...
Source: NaturalNews.com - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
In conclusion, the concept of an epigenetic clock is compelling, but caution should be taken in interpreting associations with age acceleration. Association tests of age acceleration should include age as a covariate. A Discussion of Recent Work on Allotopic Expression of Mitochondrial Genes at the SENS Research Foundation https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2020/02/a-discussion-of-recent-work-on-allotopic-expression-of-mitochondrial-genes-at-the-sens-research-foundation/ A paper published last month outlines recent progress on allotopic expression of mitochondrial genes carried out by the SENS Research ...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
AbstractIntroductionOverweight and obesity are increasing worldwide and are associated with an increased risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD). The aim of this study was to examine the burden of CVD risk factors among normal weight, overweight, and obese subjects with hypertension, and to evaluate the effectiveness of switching to a single-pill combination (SPC) of perindopril arginine/indapamide for blood pressure (BP) control in overweight and obese subjects treated in routine clinical practice.MethodsFORSAGE was a 3-month, multicenter, observational, open-label study conducted in Russian patients with uncontrolled arter...
Source: Cardiology and Therapy - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common chronic disease resulting from repetitive collapse of the airway during sleep, causing hypoxemia and sleep fragmentation. Untreated OSA at varying severity levels has been linked to hypertension, cardiac arrhythmias, stroke, diabetes mellitus, decreased work performance, decreased quality of life, and increased all-cause mortality. OSA is a costly global health concern because the increasing prevalence of OSA has paralleled the increasing rates of obesity.
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tags: Resident corner Source Type: research
Conclusions: Dapagliflozin decreased the incidence of reported episodes of AF/AFL adverse events in high-risk patients with T2DM. This effect was consistent regardless of the patients' prior history of AF, ASCVD, or HF. Clinical Trial Registration: URL: https://clinicaltrials.gov Unique Identifier: NCT01730534. PMID: 31983236 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Circulation - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Circulation Source Type: research
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