Clinician perspectives on the assessment of short-term memory in aphasia

Source: Aphasiology - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Source Type: research

Related Links:

We assessed the outcome of dysphagia rehabilitation in all the 139 patients with post-stroke dysphagia admitted to our Neurorehabilitation Unit during 2 years (2017 and 2018), divided into two groups: old (aged 65–84 years) and oldest-old (aged 85 or above). We studied which factors predicted dysphagia improvement in the two groups. The potential association of improvement with type of discharge was also evaluated. On admission, ‘old’ patients had more frequently aphasia (P = 0.02) and less frequently dysarthria (P = 0.03); ‘oldest old’ had more severe pressure ulcers (P = 0.008), higher level...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
This study explored the impact of this semantic impairment on episodic recall. We used a verbal and non-verbal episodic memory task: participants remembered nursery rhymes in the verbal condition and logos and their associated products in the visual condition (e.g. bowl of cereal and coco-pops). For both tasks, we manipulated a) congruency with pre-existing knowledge (e.g. expectancy of trials: baa baa black build – instead of sheep) and b) whether these trial types were blocked by congruency or mixed, as well as (c) distractor strength. If SA patients experience overwhelming automatic activation, they should find in...
Source: Neuropsychologia - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS &IMPLICATIONS: PWA have a variety of activity participation goals that can be integrated into intervention plans. Dependence on proxy respondents should be reduced as much as possible to support self-determination for PWA. What this paper adds What is already known on the subject Achieving activity participation goals is a key factor in QOL for PWA, but communicating about participation goals can be difficult for many of them. Because proxy reports by caregivers may not accurately reflect the interests and participation goals of PWA, this study examined how both PWA and their caregivers responded to an apha...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research
Conditions:   Aphasia;   Stroke Intervention:   Behavioral: Intention Treatment for Anomia Sponsor:   VA Office of Research and Development Not yet recruiting
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
AbstractTests and batteries used in the evaluation of language impairments are overly complex and often ineffective (too difficult) in the assessment of post-stroke patients affected by severe aphasia (global aphasia). The present study reports details on the construction and standardization of a new Italian battery of tasks, specifically designed to assess severe lexical disorders in acquired aphasia (Battery for the Assessment of Severe Acquired Lexical Damage in Italian, BASALDI). The battery is composed of a common set of 64 stimuli (concrete nouns), belonging to both living and non-living categories, and consists of f...
Source: Neurological Sciences - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 10 February 2020Source: NeuropsychologiaAuthor(s): Deepti Putcha, Bradford C. Dickerson, Michael Brickhouse, Keith A. Johnson, Reisa A. Sperling, Kathryn V. PappAbstractAlzheimer's disease (AD) is now conceptualized as a biological entity defined by amyloid and tau deposition and neurodegeneration, with heterogeneous clinical presentations. With the aid of in vivo biomarkers, clinicians are better poised to examine clinical syndromic variability arising from a common pathology. Word retrieval deficits, measured using verbal fluency and confrontation naming tests, are hallmark features of ...
Source: Neuropsychologia - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Aphasia disrupts usual care. Health professionals want to help but are working in a non-optimal environment where communication and patient-centred care are not adequately resourced.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONCurrent hospital systems and ward culture make it difficult to offer patient-centred care to patients with aphasia.Health professionals want to help patients with aphasia but are working in an environment where patient-provider communication is not adequately resourced.As a result, health professionals dread, limit or avoid talking with patients with aphasia.Health professionals need support which may...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research
ConclusionLimited to the conditions and assumptions considered here, this argues against a specific need to adjust the tDCS montage for these patients any more than might be considered useful in anatomically typical adults. Therefore, local atrophy does not, in isolation, reliably predict local electric field. Rather, our results are consistent with holistic head anatomy influencing brain current flow, with tDCS producing diffuse and individualized brain current flow patterns and HD-tDCS producing targeted brain current flow across individuals.
Source: Neurological Sciences - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusions: This meta-analysis proved that tDCS intervention significantly improved the naming performance of PPA. Future studies must confirm the effects of tDCS on naming intervention by using meta-analysis including many RCT studies.
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Conditions:   Language Disorders;   Aphasia;   Stroke Intervention:   Device: Transcranial direct-current stimulation (tDCS) Sponsor:   King's College London Completed
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
More News: Aphasia | Speech-Language Pathology