Emphysematous Pyelonephritis Caused by Candida Species: A Case Report and Outcome of 1 Year Follow-up.

Publication date: Available online 11 January 2020Source: Urology Case ReportsAuthor(s): Abdikarim Hussein Mohamed, Hussein Ali MohamudAbstractEmphysematous pyelonephritis (EPN) is an acute life-threatening gas-forming necrotizing infection of the renal parenchyma and its surrounding tissues. EPN requires early diagnosis and management because of related life-threatening septic complications. Gram-negative bacteria remain the most common causative organisms.Although candida species as a causative pathogen in emphysematous pyelonephritis is very rare, we report a rare case of emphysematous pyelonephritis caused by candida species successfully managed with unilateral nephrectomy and outcome for flow up in one year.
Source: Urology Case Reports - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 5 April 2020Source: Journal de Mycologie MédicaleAuthor(s): Hamed Fakhim, Afsane Vaezi, Javad Javidnia, Elahe Nasri, Diman Mahdi, Kambiz Diba, Hamid Badali
Source: Journal of Medical Mycology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
We describe one such patient with an emphasis on successful performance of partial nephrectomy by meticulous planning, with good oncological and functional outcomes.
Source: Indian Journal of Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Source Type: research
Ganesh B Sonawane, Krishna H Moorthy, Biju S PillaiIndian Journal of Urology 2020 36(2):142-143The left renal vein (LRV) passing behind the abdominal aorta is termed as a retroaortic LRV (RLRV) and it is a relatively uncommon condition. Since the left kidney is preferred in the setting of live donor kidney transplantation, urologists must be familiar with the anomalies of the LRV. There are four variants of RLRV mentioned in the literature. However, we came across two newer variants of RLRV in two donors for renal transplantation. Both donors underwent successful left donor nephrectomy.
Source: Indian Journal of Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionsCollectively, our data suggest an urgent need for antifungal stewardship and infection control strategies to improve the clinical outcome of Algerian patients with candidemia. The high prevalence ofC. tropicalis joined by fluconazole-resistance may hamper the therapeutic efficacy of fluconazole, the frontline antifungal drug used in Algeria.
Source: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
(Natural News) Vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC), or vaginal thrush, refers to vaginal and vulval symptoms caused by the yeast Candida albicans. These include vaginal discharge, a burning sensation in the affected parts and an itchy rash on the vulva and surrounding skin. VVC is said to affect 75 percent of women at least once in their lifetime. Many...
Source: NaturalNews.com - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a common disease in infants. The initial evaluation includes imaging to identify risk factors for permanent renal damage, such as malformation and renal parenchymal involvement of the infection i.e. pyelonephritis. 99mTc-Dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) scintigraphy is a well-established method for detection of pyelonephritis and renal damage, but has limitations in availability, spatial resolution, and detection of congenital malformations. Diffusion weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI) has been shown to have a high sensitivity for detection of pyelonephritis in children without the use...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundTo compare survival outcomes of metastatic patients harbouring either papillary (pRCC) or clear-cell (ccRCC) renal cell carcinoma in overall population and according to treatment modality.MethodsWithin the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results database (2006 –2015), we identified 6800 patients (585 papillary and 6215 clear-cell) with metastatic RCC. Propensity-score (PS) matching, Kaplan–Meier plots and multivariable Cox-regression models (CRMs) were used.ResultsOverall, 585 (8.6%) patients harboured pRCC. Rates of nodal metastases were higher in patients with pRCC (49.7 vs. 23.3%;p 
Source: World Journal of Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
E, Raya AI Abstract Caloric restriction (CR) is known to have multiple beneficial effects on health and longevity. To study the effect of CR on phosphate (P) metabolism and vascular calcification (VC), rats were fed normal or restricted calories (67% of normal). The P content of the diets was adjusted to provide equal P intake independent of the calories ingested. After 50 days of CR rats had negative P balance, lower plasma P, glucose, triglycerides and leptin, and higher adiponectin than rats fed normal calories. Uremia was induced by 5/6 nephrectomy (Nx). After Nx rats were treated with calcitriol (80 ng/kg ip...
Source: Am J Physiol Renal P... - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Am J Physiol Renal Physiol Source Type: research
ia JB Abstract Metformin, an adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activator, has been shown in previous studies to reduce kidney fibrosis in different models of experimental chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, in all of these studies, the administration of metformin was initiated before the establishment of renal disease, which is a condition that does not typically occur in clinical settings. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether the administration of metformin could arrest the progression of established renal disease in a well-recognized model of CKD, the subtotal kidney n...
Source: Am J Physiol Renal P... - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Am J Physiol Renal Physiol Source Type: research
​BY Dhimitri A. Nikolla, DOAn 82-year-old man with a history of dementia, multiple urinary tract infections, insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, and an admission a month earlier for Fournier gangrene presented to the emergency department with reports of confusion and hypotension from his nursing home. His vital signs were normal, but he was disoriented with a mildly tender abdomen. His genital examination revealed a suprapubic catheter without evidence of soft tissue infection. A CT with contrast of the abdomen and pelvis revealed the images shown.​What is the diagnosis? What is the treatment?The CT images demonstrate...
Source: The Case Files - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Blog Posts Source Type: research
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