Education Level Predicts Appropriate Follow-Up of Incidental Findings From Lung Cancer Screening

ConclusionsAppropriate patient follow-up of clinically significant IFs from lung cancer screening is a well-recognized avenue to improve population health. Education level is a significant independent predictor of appropriate follow-up of IFs, whether as a surrogate for low socioeconomic status or as an indication of health literacy. To address these realities, lung screening shared decision making should adapt to consider health care access and health literacy.
Source: Journal of the American College of Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Related Links:

ConclusionsSite of the resected lobe in lung cancer is not a prognostic factor of surgical mortality and morbidity in patients with IIPs. However, the impact of upper lobectomy on postoperative respiratory function reduction is larger than lower lobectomy in non-CPFE patients.
Source: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
We present an unusual case of massive haemothorax and haemoptysis caused by a PLC, in which haemostasis was secured with interventional radiology. A 58 ‐year‐old woman was hospitalized for a right secondary pneumothorax associated with emphysema. Chest computed tomography showed a mass shadow at the right lower lobe and on the right parietal pleura. Three days after air drainage, about 2000 mL of bloody pleural effusion accompanied by massive h aemoptysis was observed. Haemoglobin concentration decreased to 4.9 g/dL and the patient was treated with selective embolization of the bronchial artery and the intercostal arte...
Source: Respirology Case Reports - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
Purpose of review To review the impact of coal mining and resurgence of coal workers’ pneumoconiosis (CWP) in 21st century and effect of ambient air pollution on lung function. Recent findings At the beginning of 21st century, statistics by National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health showed a steep rise in pneumoconiosis. This was followed by numerous epidemiologic and pathologic studies that confirmed increasing CWP prevalence as well as disease in younger miners and those with a shorter mining tenure. Recent studies have demonstrated that poor dust control in mines, a relative shift in composition of...
Source: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: OBSTRUCTIVE, OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL DISEASES: Edited by Manish Joshi and Basil Varkey Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 8 January 2020Source: Artificial Intelligence in MedicineAuthor(s): Qinhua Hu, Luís Fabrício de F. Souza, Gabriel Bandeira Holanda, Shara S.A. Alves, Francisco Hércules dos S. Silva, Tao Han, Pedro P. Rebouças FilhoAbstractComputer vision systems have numerous tools to assist in various medical fields, notably in image diagnosis. Computed tomography (CT) is the principal imaging method used to assist in the diagnosis of diseases such as bone fractures, lung cancer, heart disease, and emphysema, among others. Lung cancer is one of the four main causes of death i...
Source: Artificial Intelligence in Medicine - Category: Bioinformatics Source Type: research
Conclusions: PVS is a smoother and easier instrument and has the same effectiveness and security as PLC. It leads to reduced operation difficulty and potential intraoperative complications. PMID: 31903253 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer mortality in both men and women in the United States, with an estimated 154,050 deaths expected to occur in 2018 [1]. Cigarette smoking has been linked to the development of lung cancer and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) [2] and COPD has been found to be independently associated with an increased risk of developing lung cancer. A pooled analysis of 17 epidemiologic studies reported a 2.4-fold increase in risk of lung cancer associated with emphysema (ORmeta  = 2.44, 95% CI: 1.64, 3.62), and a 1.5-fold association with chronic bronchitis (ORmeta =...
Source: Lung Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
Authors: Underner M, Peiffer G, Perriot J, Jaafari N Abstract Cocaine can be responsible for many psychiatric and/or somatic disorders. The aim of this systematic literature review of data was to expose relations between cocaine use and pulmonary complications. Cocaine can be responsible for acute respiratory symptoms (cough, black sputum, hemoptysis, dyspnea, wheezing, chest pain) and for various pulmonary disorders including barotrauma (pneumothorax, pneumomediastinum, subcutaneous emphysema, pneumopericardium), airway damage, asthma, bronchiolitis obliterans with organizing pneumonia, acute pulmonary edema, alve...
Source: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Rev Mal Respir Source Type: research
ConclusionChest X-ray is not sufficient for detecting the cause of secondary SP. As the detection of the cause of secondary SP may alter the therapeutic approach and long-term follow-up in patients with SP, the usefulness of a systematic CT examination should be assessed in a prospective trial.
Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
This study actually does support the harm reduction potential of e-cigarettes,” says Andy Tan, an assistant professor of population sciences at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute who has studied e-cigarettes. “Yes, vaping is associated with about 29% to 31% higher odds of subsequent lung disease within two to three years than not vaping—but compare this with the 156% higher odds of using combustible tobacco than not smoking.” For the purposes of the study, Glantz and his co-author combined four conditions—chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), chronic bronchitis, emphysema and asthma—in...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized E-Cigarettes embargoed study Lung Disease Research vaping Source Type: news
CONCLUSION: The increase of miR-7 methylation levels experienced by COPD patients occurs mainly at the expense of the emphysema phenotype, which might contribute to explain the higher incidence of lung cancer in these patients. PMID: 31780284 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Archivos de Bronconeumologia - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Arch Bronconeumol Source Type: research
More News: Cancer | Cancer & Oncology | Education | Emphysema | Graduation | Health Management | Insurance | Lung Cancer | Radiology | Study | Universities & Medical Training