The Frequency and Prognostic Significance of the Histologic Type in Early-stage Ovarian Carcinoma: A Reclassification Study by the Spanish Group for Ovarian Cancer Research (GEICO)

In this study, we have analyzed a prospective cohort of 502 early-stage OCs to investigate their frequency, immunohistochemical characteristics, and survival of the 5 main histologic types. Histotype was assigned according to not only the morphologic features but also according to the expression pattern of WT1, p53, Napsin A, and progesterone receptors. In addition, an extended panel including p16, β-catenin, HER2, Arid1A, HINF1B, CK7, CDX2, and CK20 was used to refine the diagnosis in difficult cases. In this series, the frequency of the 5 major histologic types was as follows: endometrioid carcinoma, 32.7%; clear cell carcinoma, 25.1%; high-grade serous carcinoma (HGSC), 24.7%; mucinous carcinoma, 10.2%; low-grade serous carcinoma, 4.6%; and others, 2.8%. The combination of morphology and immunohistochemistry allowed the reclassification of 23% of OCs. The lowest concordance was found between samples initially diagnosed as endometrioid, but finally classified as high-grade serous tumors (22% error rate). Endometrioid carcinoma was the most favorable histologic type, whereas HGSC and low-grade serous carcinoma had the worst prognosis. Clear cell carcinoma with abnormal p53 immunostaining pattern also had poor prognosis. Although histologic grade was not a prognostic factor among early-stage endometrioid OCs, distinction between grade 3 endometrioid OC and HGSC is recommended, taking into account differences in prognosis and molecular alterations that can guide different...
Source: The American Journal of Surgical Pathology - Category: Pathology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

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This study suggests that environment might be one of the main sources for Campylobacter transmission, as water supply seemed to be a clear cause of the contamination in a specific farm. However, in other farms other environmental factors contributed to the contamination, confirming the multifactorial origin of Campylobacter colonization in broilers. Therefore, biosecurity measures in farms are crucial to reduce Campylobacter contamination, which may have important implications for human and animal health.
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
Conclusions: Docetaxel and epirubicin neoadjuvant chemotherapy showed a good response in locally advanced breast cancer. Pretreatment Ki-67 and change of Ki-67 may play a role as predictive factor for response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy. PMID: 32069523 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Tags: Korean J Intern Med Source Type: research
In conclusion, as the dose rates at a 1-m distance from patients upon release were
Source: Radiation Physics and Chemistry - Category: Physics Source Type: research
In this study, we proposed a Graph Convolutional Network (GCN) model to predict synergistic drug combinations in particular cancer cell lines. Specifically, the GCN method used a convolutional neural network model to do heterogeneous graph embedding, and thus solved a link prediction task. The graph in this study was a multimodal graph, which was constructed by integrating the drug-drug combination, drug-protein interaction, and protein–protein interaction networks. We found that the GCN model was able to correctly predict cell line-specific synergistic drug combinations from a large heterogonous network. The ma...
Source: Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal - Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 February 2020Source: Biosensors and BioelectronicsAuthor(s): Amin Hassanzadeh-Barforoushi, Majid Ebrahimi Warkiani, David Gallego-Ortega, Guozhen Liu, Tracie BarberAbstractCancer cells continuously secrete inflammatory biomolecules which play significant roles in disease progression and tumor metastasis toward secondary sites. Despite recent efforts to capture cancer cells' intercellular secretion heterogeneity using microfluidics, the challenges in operation of these systems as well as the complexity of designing a biosensing assay for long-term and real-time measurement of single cel...
Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics - Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research
Mucoepidermoid Carcinoma Showing "Finger-in-glove" Sign on PET-CT. Intern Med. 2020 Feb 19;: Authors: Shigemi S, Uchimura K, Tanaka F, Yatera K PMID: 32074577 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Intern Med Source Type: research
Authors: Iwamoto M, Gotoda T, Noda Y, Esaki M, Moriyama M, Yoshida N, Takayama T, Kobayashi H, Masuda S Abstract As gastric neuroendocrine carcinoma (NEC) is a rapidly growing cancer, most cases are diagnosed at advanced stages. We herein report a 74-year-old woman with an early-stage gastric NEC whose history included endoscopic submucosal dissection treatment for three early-stage gastric cancer lesions five years prior to the current presentation. We also describe the changes observed over time. An endoscopic examination during follow-up revealed an NEC (measuring 6 mm) in the gastric vestibule, for which distal...
Source: Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Intern Med Source Type: research
Conclusion Based on the RR, Conv R, and symptom palliation ability, mFOLFOXIRI+α was suggested to be a viable candidate for first-line treatment for patients with ARCC, especially those with a high tumor burden. PMID: 32074573 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Intern Med Source Type: research
Publication date: March 2020Source: Advances in Medical Sciences, Volume 65, Issue 1Author(s): Javad Masoumi, Abdollah Jafarzadeh, Hossein Khorramdelazad, Morteza Abbasloui, Jalal Abdolalizadeh, Najmeh JamaliAbstractApelin is an endogenous peptide, which is expressed in a vast board of organs such as the brain, placenta, heart, lungs, kidneys, pancreas, testis, prostate and adipose tissues. The apelin receptor, called angiotensin-like-receptor 1 (APJ), is also expressed in the brain, spleen, placenta, heart, liver, intestine, prostate, thymus, testis, ovary, lungs, kidneys, stomach, and adipose tissue. The apelin/APJ axis ...
Source: Advances in Medical Sciences - Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research
Columbia Sportswear CEO Tim Boyle and his wife Mary have given $10 million to Oregon Health&Science University to support the joint center for biomedical data science, OHSU announced. The Boyles gift will go to the OHSU-University of Oregon Center for Biomedical Data Science, a collaboration that is using “big data” to fight cancer and other diseases. The donation will be used to recruit a director to oversee both sites and an associate directors and three-to-five faculty m embers who specialize…
Source: Health Care:Biotechnology headlines - Category: Biotechnology Authors: Source Type: news
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