The new Mainz speech test for children 3-7 years old (MATCH) : Design, standardization, and validation.
The new Mainz speech test for children 3-7 years old (MATCH) : Design, standardization, and validation. HNO. 2020 Jan 08;: Authors: Schirkonyer V, Keilmann A, Harmuth C, Wachtlin B, Rader T, Bohnert A Abstract OBJECTIVE: To develop a new, German, age-appropriate speech audiometry test for children, by using 26 nouns that are most likely part of the lexicon of 2-year-olds. The test is a picture-pointing task with a four-option non-forced choice method. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 179 children aged 2;11 to 6;9 y were included for standardizing and validating the speech test. Of these, 51 had a hearing impairment in both ears ranging up to 90 dB hearing level (HL). The normal-hearing collective was divided into three groups according to age. For each group, the speech reception threshold (SRT) and the slope of the psychometric function of intelligibility were determined. For validation, the test-retest reliability was measured in 85 ears, and the correlation between the pure tone average (PTA) at 0.5, 1, 2, and 4 kHz and the SRT was measured in 86 ears. RESULTS: The sound spectrum of the 26 items was in good accordance with the international long-term speech spectrum, and the relative frequency of phonemes matched the distribution of the 50 more frequent German phonemes. The SRTs ranged from 24.6 ± 0.6 dB sound pressure level (SPL) for the oldest group (> 5.5 y) to 29.3 ± 1.3 dB SPL for the youngest group (
Conditions: DFNA9; Sensorineural Hearing Loss Intervention: Diagnostic Test: Pure tone audiometry Sponsor: Jessa Hospital Completed
The present study aimed to elucidate opinions regarding comprehensibility of audiometry display formats among otolaryngologists in Japan, and to identify the characteristics of otolaryngologists ’ cognitive processes for audiometry.
s S Abstract The perception of airborne infrasound (sounds below 20 Hz, inaudible to humans except at very high levels) has been documented in a handful of mammals and birds. While animals that produce vocalizations with infrasonic components (e.g. elephants) present conspicuous examples of potential use of infrasound in the context of communication, the extent to which airborne infrasound perception exists among terrestrial animals is unclear. Given that most infrasound in the environment arises from geophysical sources, many of which could be ecologically relevant, communication might not be the only use of infr...
CONCLUSION: The expectation regarding hearing aid provision has to be adjusted according to maximum word recognition score, the derived quality measures, degree of hearing loss, and audiogram type. PMID: 32211930 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusion and Significance: The removal of abnormalities, such as the loss of the eardrum (iatrogenic), changes to the lining and adhesions other than those typical of otosclerosis, restores middle ear mechanics after a stapedotomy on the inner ear and leads to a measurable improvement in mean bone conduction values. PMID: 32223484 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusion Various skull base tumors involving MCF with extension to adjacent sites can be successfully resected using the TZ-MCF approach in a multidisciplinary fashion. This approach yields optimal exposure and permits excellent tumor control with acceptable CN and neurological morbidity. [...] Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New YorkArticle in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents | Abstract | Full text
Conclusions Our hearing screening program review yielded refer rates that are similar to other published reports for this population. Presently, there are no published target refer rates for hearing screening programs in preschool and elementary schools. Although we were not able to complete other program quality benchmark indicators including sensitivity and specificity, these data may support benchmarks for other hearing screening programs. PMID: 32216695 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
AbstractA retrospective review of 34 patients was done who had idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss and were administered intratympanic corticosteroid in the form of dexamethasone (4 mg/ml). The results were interpreted based on pure tone audiometry and Speech discrimination score of the patient before commencing the treatment and after the treatment.
Authors: Ontario Health (Quality) Abstract Background: Single-sided deafness refers to profound sensorineural hearing loss or non-functional hearing in one ear, with normal or near-normal hearing in the other ear. Its hallmark is the inability to localize sound and hear in noisy environments. Conductive hearing loss occurs when there is a mechanical problem with the conduction of sound vibrations. Mixed hearing loss is a combination of sensorineural and conductive hearing loss. Conductive and mixed hearing loss, which frequently affect both ears, create additional challenges in learning, employment, and quality of...
Conclusion: SCDS may be addressed surgically using multiple approaches. An underwater endoscopic repair of the SCC may be safe and effective surgical treatment. SDC video link: http://links.lww.com/MAO/A808.